hr & manpower planning

Category: Education

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By: farhan_basheer (35 month(s) ago)


By: farhan_basheer (35 month(s) ago)


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Presented by: M.H.A Victorious HRM & MANPOWER PLANNING


Content What is HRM? Understand The objective & Function of HRM. What is the meaning of Personnel Management? Difference between PM & HRM. Understand the concept of manpower planning. Conclusion.

What is the HRM?:

What is the HRM? HRM is the organization function that deals with issues related to people such as Compensation, Hiring, Performance management , Organization development, Safety, Wellness, Benefits, Employees motivation, Communication, Administration & Training,……….

Slide 4:

Objectives of HRM To help the organization reach its goals. • To ensure effective utilization and maximum development of human resources. • To ensure respect for human beings. To identify and satisfy the needs of individuals. • To ensure reconciliation of individual goals with those of the organization. • To achieve and maintain high morale among employees. • To provide the organization with well-trained and well-motivated employees. • To increase to the fullest the employee's job satisfaction and self-actualization. • To develop and maintain a quality of work life. • To be ethically and socially responsive to the needs of society. • To develop overall personality of each employee in its multidimensional aspect. • To enhance employee's capabilities to perform the present job. • To equip the employees with precision and clarity in transaction of business. • To inculcate the sense of team spirit, team work and inter-team collaboration.

Functions of HR:

Functions of HR MANAGERIAL FUNCTIONS Planning Organizing Directing Controlling OPERATIVE FUNCTIONS Staffing Development Compensation Motivation Maintenance Integration

Operative functions of HR:

Operative functions of HR STAFFING Job analysis, HRP, Recruitment, Selection, Placement, Induction, Internal Mobility DEVELOPMENT Competency profiling, Training and development, Performance & potential management, Career management, COMPENSATION & MOTIVATION Job design, Work scheduling, Job evaluation, Compensation administration, Incentives and benefits, Bonus

Operative functions of HR (contd.):

Operative functions of HR (contd.) MAINTENANCE Health, Safety, Welfare, Social security INTEGRATION Employment relations, Grievance, Discipline, Trade unions, Participation, Collective bargaining

What is personnel management?:

What is personnel management? Administrative discipline of hiring and developing employees so that they become more valuable to the organization . It includes (1) conducting job analyses, (2) planning personnel needs , and recruitment , (3) selecting the right people for the job, (4) orienting and training , (5) determining and managing wages and salaries , (6) providing benefits and incentives , (7) appraising performance , (8) resolving disputes, (9) communicating with all employees at all levels.

Difference between PM & HRM:

Difference between PM & HRM Dimension PM HRM Employment Contract Careful delineation of written contracts Aim to go Beyond contact Initiatives integrated Piecemeal Remuneration Fixed Performance- related Rules Importance of devising clear rules can do outlook impatience with rule speed of decisions Slow Fast Training & development Controlled access to courses Learning Companies Job design Division of work Team Work

What is Manpower planning (MPP)?:

“Human resource planning is the process of determining manpower requirements and the means for meeting those requirements in order to carry out the integrated plan of the organization”. MPP Consists of : Forecasting Developing Controlling What is Manpower planning (MPP)?


Contd….. Manpower planning is a very important part of the overall planning of a business organization. It is obvious that a business cannot prosper unless the right number of employees, having required skills, talents & qualifications is available at right time. Manpower planning is done to fulfill the two main objectives, namely: To utilize the present employees fully. To fill up future manpower requirements.

Objective of manpower planning:

Objective of manpower planning 1. Optimum use of HR. 2. Meeting future manpower needs. 3. Scientific recruitment. 4. Provision of adequate manpower . 5. Development of manpower.

Type of Manpower planning:

Type of Manpower planning Type of manpower planning can be distinguished: On the basis of the level at which it is done. On the basis of the period for which it is done. Manpower planning On the basis level On the basis period Macro level (National level) Micro level (Industrial unit level) Short period Medium period Long period


NEED: 1. Shortages and surpluses can be identified. 2. All the recruitment and selection programs are based on manpower planning 3. Reduce labour cost & over staffing can be avoided. 4. Manpower can be utilized properly.

Slide 15:

National Level Sector level Industry level Requirements of MPP at diff. levels: Individual unit

Factors affecting Manpower Planning:

Factors affecting Manpower Planning Working Hours Number of shifts Nature of Production Product mix Performance rate Hours lost

Steps in Manpower planning :

Steps in Manpower planning 1. Predict manpower plans 2. Design job description and the job requirements 3. Find adequate sources of recruitment. 4. Give boost to youngsters by appointment to higher posts. 5. Best motivation for internal promotion. 6. Look after the expected losses due to retirement, transfer and other issues. 7. See for replacement due to accident, death, dismissals and promotion.

Advantages of manpower planning::

Advantages of manpower planning: 1. It is useful both for organization and nation. 2. It generates facilities to educate people in the organization. 3. It brings about fast economic developments. 4. It boosts the geographical mobility of labour. 5. It provides smooth working even after expansion of the organization. 6. It opens possibility for workers for future promotions, thus providing incentive. 7. It creates healthy atmosphere of encouragement and motivation in the organization. 8. Training becomes effective. 9. It provides help for career development of the employees. Manpower planning ensures optimum use of available human resources.

Slide 19:

Conclusion. Getting The Right People, At The Right Place, On The Right time………