Forest and wildlife resources : Forest and wildlife resources Introduction : Introduction Forests play a key role in the ecological system as these are also the primary producers on which all other living beings depend. Flora and fauna : Flora and fauna India is one of the world’s richest countries in terms of its vast array of biological diversity, and has nearly 8 per cent of the total number of species in the world.
These diverse flora and fauna are so well integrated in our daily life that we take these for granted.
At least 10 per cent of India's recorded wild flora and fauna threatened list. Different categories of plants : Different categories of plants Normal species.- e.g. cattle, Sal, pine
Endangered species. -e.g. black buck, crocodile, Indian wild ass
Vulnerable species. -e.g. blue sheep, Asiatic elephant
Rare species. –e.g. wild Asiatic buffalo
Endemic species.- e.g. nicobar pigeon
Extinct species.- e.g. pink head duck Causes of depletion of flora and fauna : Causes of depletion of flora and fauna 1951-1980 forest area converted into agricultural land all over India.
1951 over 5000 sq km of forest cleared for river valley projects.
Mining another factor behind deforestation.
Grazing and fuel-wood collection are degrading factors. Conservation of forest and wildlife in India : Conservation of forest and wildlife in India Conservation preserves the ecological diversity and our life support systems-water, air and soil.
1960s and 1970s conservationists demanded a national wildlife protection programme.
Central government also announced several projects for protecting specific animals including tiger, three types of crocodiles
These projects focusing on biodiversity rather than on a few of its components. Project tiger : Project tiger Tiger is one of the key wildlife species in the faunal web.
“Project tiger” one of the well- publicised wildlife campaigns in the world, was launched in 1973
Corbett national park in Uttaranchal, Sunder bans National Park in West Bengal, Bandhavgarh National Park in Madhya Pradesh are some of the Tiger reserves of India. Types and distribution : Types and distribution In India, much of its forest and wildlife resources are either owned or managed by the government through the Forest Department .
These are classified are Reserved forests, protected forests, unclassed forests. Thank You : Thank You