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Premium member Presentation Transcript SYSTEM OF MEDICINE: KIRAN RANDHAWA ARMY COLLEGE OF NURSING SYSTEM OF MEDICINEINTRODUCTION : System of medicine is a study of the evolution of man & human knowledge down the edges of the biographies of eminent individual who developed medicines of the discoveries & inventions in different historical periods & changing concepts regarding medicines. INTRODUCTIONHISTORY OF MEDICINE: IT INCLUDES FIVE PERIODS :- Medicine in antiquity Dawn of scientific medicine Medical revolution Modern medicine Health care revolution HISTORY OF MEDICINEMEDICINE IN ANTIQUITY: MEDICINE IN ANTIQUITYIT INCLUDES :-: 1 .Primitive medicine 2 . Indian medicine 3. Chinese medicine 4. Egyptian medicine 5. Mesopotamian medicine 6. Greek medicine IT INCLUDES :-CONTD…: 7. Roman medicine 8. Middle age medicine CONTD…PRIMITIVE MEDICINE: PRIMITIVE MEDICINEPRIMITIVE MEDICINE: In this the ancient man believed on the supernatural theory of disease. They believed that the disease occurs due to the wrath of gods, the invasion of body by evil spirits. PRIMITIVE MEDICINECONTD….: AS THE TREATMENT:- They use the charms & amulets to protect from the evil spirits. They use the herbs & drugs, belief on the magical rituals perform the circumcisions, amputation & trephening of skull CONTD….INDIAN MEDICINE: INDIAN MEDICINEINDIAN MEDICINE: INDIAN MEDICINE Origin was based on ayurveda & Sidha systems. Authorities in ayurvedic medicine :- Atreya Charaka Susruta VaghbhatSIDHA SYSTEM: SIDHA SYSTEMCONTD…: CONTD… IT INCLUDES :- Dhanvantri :- called as the god of medicine Susruta:- called as father of surgery . It also studied human anatomy on dead bodies .CONTD…: CHARKA SAMHITA ( 100 B.C.):- Charaka discussed the concept of digestion, metabolism ,immunity . Also explained about the three doshas that is bile , phlegm ,wind. Also introduced that organisms are consist of prithvi ,ap,tejasvayu,akasa,&individual. CONTD…CHINESE MEDICINE: CHINESE MEDICINECHINESE MEDICINE: Pioneer of immunization& acupuncture Introduced bare foot doctors CHINESE MEDICINEACUPUNCTURE : ACUPUNCTURECONTD.: As the treatment use the hygiene ,dietetics ,hydrotherapy , massage & drugs CONTD.EGYPTIAN MEDICINE: They believed that disease was due to the absorption from the intestine of harmful substance which give rise to impurification of blood. EGYPTIAN MEDICINECONTD…: Introduction of the underground drains Public bath Enema Blood letting Drugs CONTD…MESOPTAMIAN MEDICINE : MESOPTAMIAN MEDICINEMESOPOTAMIAN MEDICINE: MESOPOTAMIAN MEDICINE Practised by herb Mosquito netsGREEK MEDICINE: Hippocrates gave one Hippocratic oath that is called key stone of medical ethics. Taught men to think in terms of why & how . Rejected the theory of supernatural GREEK MEDICINEROMAN MEDICINE : ROMAN MEDICINEROMAN MEDICINE: It came from Greek Based on practical work Explain predisposing, exciting & environmental factors. ROMAN MEDICINEMIDDLE AGE MEDICINE : MIDDLE AGE MEDICINEMIDDLE AGE MEDICINE: Developed their own system of medicine from knowledge of Greek & Roman. MIDDLE AGE MEDICINEDAWN OF SCIENTIFIC MEDICINE: It started in 1500 A.D 1.Revival of medicine. 2.Sanitary awakening 3. Rise of public health 4.Germ theory of disease 5.Birth of preventive medicine DAWN OF SCIENTIFIC MEDICINEREVIVAL OF MEDICINE: Harvey ’s circulation of blood Lewenhoek’ s microscope (1670) Jenneer’ s vaccination against smallpox (1796) REVIVAL OF MEDICINESANITARY AWAKENING: Passed public health act in 1848 Based upon problems of creation of slums, overcrowding with all its ill effects, high sickness & death rate. SANITARY AWAKENINGRISE OF PUBLIC HEALTH: Based upon epidemiology of cholera Educate the people to drink clean & purified water. RISE OF PUBLIC HEALTHGERM THEORY OF DISEASE: Louis pasteur demonstrated the prersence of bacteria. Robert koch shown anthrax . GERM THEORY OF DISEASEBIRTH PREVENTIVE MEDICINE: MORE INTAKE OF FRUITS & VEGETABLES FOR THE PREVENTION OF SCURVY IN 1753. MALARIA TRNSMITTED BY ANOPHELES . BIRTH PREVENTIVE MEDICINEMODERN MEDICINE: MODERN MEDICINE Curative medicine Preventive medicineCURATIVE MEDICINE: Antibiotic drugs Surgery Radiology Anaesthesia Check ups CURATIVE MEDICINEPREVENTIVE MEDICINE: Immunisation Nutrition Medication Health education PREVENTIVE MEDICINEMEDICAL REVOLUTION: It includes - State of the art. - Failure of medicine. - Social control of medicine. - Family medicine. MEDICAL REVOLUTIONSTATE OF THE ART: Based upon organism theory. Explained biological role, genetics & advanced practices. STATE OF THE ARTFAILURE OF MEDICINE: High technology medicines had been used Death rate increased & failure of success labelled. FAILURE OF MEDICINESOCIAL CONTROL OF MEDICINE: It states that social science and politics is a medicine on a large scale Two kind of medical care given Medicine for rich people Medicine for poor people both extent by charitable And voluntary agencies SOCIAL CONTROL OF MEDICINEFAMILY MEDICINE : It includes :- Medicine at home level At community level FAMILY MEDICINEAT HOME LEVEL : Provide the preventive, promotive and curativee services AT HOME LEVELCOMMUNITY MEDICINE: IT IS BASED UPON THE COMMUNITY HEALTH INCLUDES :- 1.HEALTH EDUCATION 2. PREVENTION OF DISEASE 3. PROMOTION OF HEALTH COMMUNITY MEDICINESlide 45: HEALTH CARE REVOLUTIONHEALTH CARE : HEALTH CAREIT INCLUDES : HEALTH FOR ALL PRIMARY HEALTH CARE DEPROFESSIONALIZATION OF MEDICINE IT INCLUDESHEALTH FOR ALL: Importance 1.Social justice 2.Equitable participation 3. Changing ideas about the nature of health HEALTH FOR ALLCONTD…: ITS MAIN OBJECTIVE ARE :- To eliminate malnutrition, ignorance , disease , contaminated water supply, & unhygenic housing . CONTD…PRIMARY HEALTH CARE : Also known as revolutionary approach It consist of seven elements :- 1.Health education 2. Nutrition 3. Water & sanitation 4. MCH PRIMARY HEALTH CARECONTD.: 5. Immunization 6. Prevention of endemic disease 7. Treatment CONTD.CONTD.: PRINCIPLES OF PHC Equitable distribution Community Participation Appropriate Technology Focus on prevention Multisectorial coordination CONTD.DEPROFESSIONALIZATION OF MEDICINE : IT INCLUDES :- Community Health Workers Multipurpose Worker Anganwadi Workers Practitioners of medicines DEPROFESSIONALIZATION OF MEDICINESlide 54: T H A N X You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.