system of medicine

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SYSTEM OF MEDICINE:

KIRAN RANDHAWA ARMY COLLEGE OF NURSING SYSTEM OF MEDICINE

INTRODUCTION :

System of medicine is a study of the evolution of man & human knowledge down the edges of the biographies of eminent individual who developed medicines of the discoveries & inventions in different historical periods & changing concepts regarding medicines. INTRODUCTION

HISTORY OF MEDICINE:

IT INCLUDES FIVE PERIODS :- Medicine in antiquity Dawn of scientific medicine Medical revolution Modern medicine Health care revolution HISTORY OF MEDICINE

MEDICINE IN ANTIQUITY:

MEDICINE IN ANTIQUITY

IT INCLUDES :-:

1 .Primitive medicine 2 . Indian medicine 3. Chinese medicine 4. Egyptian medicine 5. Mesopotamian medicine 6. Greek medicine IT INCLUDES :-

CONTD…:

7. Roman medicine 8. Middle age medicine CONTD…

PRIMITIVE MEDICINE:

PRIMITIVE MEDICINE

PRIMITIVE MEDICINE:

In this the ancient man believed on the supernatural theory of disease. They believed that the disease occurs due to the wrath of gods, the invasion of body by evil spirits. PRIMITIVE MEDICINE

CONTD….:

AS THE TREATMENT:- They use the charms & amulets to protect from the evil spirits. They use the herbs & drugs, belief on the magical rituals perform the circumcisions, amputation & trephening of skull CONTD….

INDIAN MEDICINE:

INDIAN MEDICINE

INDIAN MEDICINE:

INDIAN MEDICINE Origin was based on ayurveda & Sidha systems. Authorities in ayurvedic medicine :- Atreya Charaka Susruta Vaghbhat

SIDHA SYSTEM:

SIDHA SYSTEM

CONTD…:

CONTD… IT INCLUDES :- Dhanvantri :- called as the god of medicine Susruta:- called as father of surgery . It also studied human anatomy on dead bodies .

CONTD…:

CHARKA SAMHITA ( 100 B.C.):- Charaka discussed the concept of digestion, metabolism ,immunity . Also explained about the three doshas that is bile , phlegm ,wind. Also introduced that organisms are consist of prithvi ,ap,tejasvayu,akasa,&individual. CONTD…

CHINESE MEDICINE:

CHINESE MEDICINE

CHINESE MEDICINE:

Pioneer of immunization& acupuncture Introduced bare foot doctors CHINESE MEDICINE

ACUPUNCTURE :

ACUPUNCTURE

CONTD.:

As the treatment use the hygiene ,dietetics ,hydrotherapy , massage & drugs CONTD.

EGYPTIAN MEDICINE:

They believed that disease was due to the absorption from the intestine of harmful substance which give rise to impurification of blood. EGYPTIAN MEDICINE

CONTD…:

Introduction of the underground drains Public bath Enema Blood letting Drugs CONTD…

MESOPTAMIAN MEDICINE :

MESOPTAMIAN MEDICINE

MESOPOTAMIAN MEDICINE:

MESOPOTAMIAN MEDICINE Practised by herb Mosquito nets

GREEK MEDICINE:

Hippocrates gave one Hippocratic oath that is called key stone of medical ethics. Taught men to think in terms of why & how . Rejected the theory of supernatural GREEK MEDICINE

ROMAN MEDICINE :

ROMAN MEDICINE

ROMAN MEDICINE:

It came from Greek Based on practical work Explain predisposing, exciting & environmental factors. ROMAN MEDICINE

MIDDLE AGE MEDICINE :

MIDDLE AGE MEDICINE

MIDDLE AGE MEDICINE:

Developed their own system of medicine from knowledge of Greek & Roman. MIDDLE AGE MEDICINE

DAWN OF SCIENTIFIC MEDICINE:

It started in 1500 A.D 1.Revival of medicine. 2.Sanitary awakening 3. Rise of public health 4.Germ theory of disease 5.Birth of preventive medicine DAWN OF SCIENTIFIC MEDICINE

REVIVAL OF MEDICINE:

Harvey ’s circulation of blood Lewenhoek’ s microscope (1670) Jenneer’ s vaccination against smallpox (1796) REVIVAL OF MEDICINE

SANITARY AWAKENING:

Passed public health act in 1848 Based upon problems of creation of slums, overcrowding with all its ill effects, high sickness & death rate. SANITARY AWAKENING

RISE OF PUBLIC HEALTH:

Based upon epidemiology of cholera Educate the people to drink clean & purified water. RISE OF PUBLIC HEALTH

GERM THEORY OF DISEASE:

Louis pasteur demonstrated the prersence of bacteria. Robert koch shown anthrax . GERM THEORY OF DISEASE

BIRTH PREVENTIVE MEDICINE:

MORE INTAKE OF FRUITS & VEGETABLES FOR THE PREVENTION OF SCURVY IN 1753. MALARIA TRNSMITTED BY ANOPHELES . BIRTH PREVENTIVE MEDICINE

MODERN MEDICINE:

MODERN MEDICINE Curative medicine Preventive medicine

CURATIVE MEDICINE:

Antibiotic drugs Surgery Radiology Anaesthesia Check ups CURATIVE MEDICINE

PREVENTIVE MEDICINE:

Immunisation Nutrition Medication Health education PREVENTIVE MEDICINE

MEDICAL REVOLUTION:

It includes - State of the art. - Failure of medicine. - Social control of medicine. - Family medicine. MEDICAL REVOLUTION

STATE OF THE ART:

Based upon organism theory. Explained biological role, genetics & advanced practices. STATE OF THE ART

FAILURE OF MEDICINE:

High technology medicines had been used Death rate increased & failure of success labelled. FAILURE OF MEDICINE

SOCIAL CONTROL OF MEDICINE:

It states that social science and politics is a medicine on a large scale Two kind of medical care given Medicine for rich people Medicine for poor people both extent by charitable And voluntary agencies SOCIAL CONTROL OF MEDICINE

FAMILY MEDICINE :

It includes :- Medicine at home level At community level FAMILY MEDICINE

AT HOME LEVEL :

Provide the preventive, promotive and curativee services AT HOME LEVEL

COMMUNITY MEDICINE:

IT IS BASED UPON THE COMMUNITY HEALTH INCLUDES :- 1.HEALTH EDUCATION 2. PREVENTION OF DISEASE 3. PROMOTION OF HEALTH COMMUNITY MEDICINE

Slide 45:

HEALTH CARE REVOLUTION

HEALTH CARE :

HEALTH CARE

IT INCLUDES :

HEALTH FOR ALL PRIMARY HEALTH CARE DEPROFESSIONALIZATION OF MEDICINE IT INCLUDES

HEALTH FOR ALL:

Importance 1.Social justice 2.Equitable participation 3. Changing ideas about the nature of health HEALTH FOR ALL

CONTD…:

ITS MAIN OBJECTIVE ARE :- To eliminate malnutrition, ignorance , disease , contaminated water supply, & unhygenic housing . CONTD…

PRIMARY HEALTH CARE :

Also known as revolutionary approach It consist of seven elements :- 1.Health education 2. Nutrition 3. Water & sanitation 4. MCH PRIMARY HEALTH CARE

CONTD.:

5. Immunization 6. Prevention of endemic disease 7. Treatment CONTD.

CONTD.:

PRINCIPLES OF PHC Equitable distribution Community Participation Appropriate Technology Focus on prevention Multisectorial coordination CONTD.

DEPROFESSIONALIZATION OF MEDICINE :

IT INCLUDES :- Community Health Workers Multipurpose Worker Anganwadi Workers Practitioners of medicines DEPROFESSIONALIZATION OF MEDICINE

Slide 54:

T H A N X