sun burn

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SUNBURN Kiran randhawa Clinical instructor Army college of nursiong

INTRODUCTION:

INTRODUCTION Sun burn results from too much sun or sun equivalent exposure. Anyone who visits a beach, goes fishing, works in the yard, or simply is out in the sun can get sun burn.

CAUSES:

CAUSES Infants & children are especially sensitive to the burning effect of the sun. People with fair skin. Sun exposure during 10.00am to 4.00pm. In high altitudes & lower altitudes . Some medications .

SIGN & SYMPTOMS:

SIGN & SYMPTOMS 1.MILD & UNCOMPLICATED CASES Minor skin redness Irritation 2. UNTREATED & WITH ENOUGH EXPOSURE Shock Sun poisoning

CONT….:

CONT …. 3.SUFFICIENT EXPOSURE Painful blisters Initially skin become red Red, tender skin i.e. warm to touch Blisters that develop hrs to day later 4.SEVERE REACTIONS Fever with chills Rash Skin peeling on burned areas

SUN BURN TREATMENT:

SUN BURN TREATMENT SELF CARE AT HOME Get out of the sun. Cover exposed skin. Get out of the tanning bed. Cold compresses with equal parts of milk & water. Avoid bath salts, oils & perfumes. Avoid scrubbing or shaving the skin. Use soft towels to gently dry yourself. Use a light, fragrance free skin moisturizer.

FIRST AID TREATMENT:

FIRST AID TREATMENT AIM Remove the casualty to a cool place & seek medical aid if the burns are severe. TREATMENT Place the casualty in the shade. Try taking a cool bath or shower or place wet, cold washed cloths on the burn for 10 to 15min, several times a day. Treat for general effects of over heating.

CONT….:

CONT…. Give sips of cold water at frequent intervals. Add baking soda in the water. Apply a soothing lotion. Covers the burn area. Shift the casualty to hospital. DO NOT Give aspirin to children

CONT….:

CONT…. Apply petroleum jelly, butter lidocaine etc. Wash with harsh soap in burned area.

PREVENTION:

PREVENTION

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ELECTRICAL BURN

INTRODUCTION:

INTRODUCTION Electrical burns occur when current jumps from an electrical outlet, cord or appliance & passes through your body. Much of the damage occurs at or close to, the points of entry & exit.

CAUSES:

CAUSES Sticking a knife into a plugged in toaster. Dropping a plugged in appliance into water. Sucking or chewing on an electrical cord. Sticking something into an electrical outlet.

AIM OF TREATMENT:

AIM OF TREATMENT Separate the casualty from the source of injury, treat the burns & arrange removal to hospital.

TREATMENT:

TREATMENT 1.Look first, don’t touch. 2. Turn off the source of electricity. 3. Check for signs of circulation. 4. Prevent shock. 5. Cover the affected areas.

FIRST AID:

FIRST AID Reassure the patient. Place a sterile dressing or pad of a clean fluffy material over the burn. Do not break blisters. Remove any loose skin or otherwise which interfere with the injured area. Do not apply lotions, ointments or fat to the injury.

CONT….:

CONT…. To minimize shock, treat properly. If the casualty is unconscious check ABC. Shift the casualty to the hospital as soon as possible for further treatment.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

BIBLIOGRAPHY Kirby.G.norman,handbook of first aid,london:bailliere tindall;2004,page no.120-122. Marlow ,Redding.paediatric nursing.elsevier, adivision of reed elsevier india private limited,new Delhi ;2008:page no. 812-815. Gotto.M.A, emergency medicine & first aid guide. Lifeline press. Washington: 2007

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THANK YOU THANKYOU

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