introduction to first aid

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Slide 1:

Introduction to first aid KIRAN RANDHAWA CLINICAL INSTRUCTOR

INTRODUCTION:

INTRODUCTION First aid starts as soon as injury or illness occurs. The German surgeon General Esmarch had coined “first aid”.

DEFINITION OF FIRST AID :

DEFINITION OF FIRST AID First aid is defined as immediate treatment given to the ill or injured victim, before the arrival of or before shifting to the hospital.

PRINCIPLES OF FIRST AID:

PRINCIPLES OF FIRST AID 1)Act quickly but quietly. 2)Take proper history & do priority wise care. 3)Always remain with the casualty. 4)Do not handle the casualty in hurry & worry. 5)Check for patient’s airway, breathing & circulation.

Cont…..:

Cont….. 6)Gain confidence of injured. 7)Work honestly &do not do any experiments. 8)Tell the relatives, truthfully about seriousness of casualty &reassure them. 9)Try to find out the cause of injury. 10)Observe patient carefully for early signs of shock. 11)Don’t let the crowd gather around casualty.

RULES OF FIRST AID:

RULES OF FIRST AID Do first thing first , quickly and quietly. Reassure the casualty & his relatives. Follow the advice slowly. Reach the accident spot quickly. Look for airway, breathing,& circulation. Avoid handling the casualty unnecessarily. Give comfortable position.

Cont….:

Cont…. The first aider should be resourceful. The first aider should shift the patient at safer place. Inform the relatives about the accident. Arrange transport for the casualty to the nearest medical aid. Handle the casualty properly. Avoid the people to gather crowd around casualty.

Slide 8:

FIRST AID KIT

DEFINITION OF FIRST AIDER:

DEFINITION OF FIRST AIDER A first aider is just a common person who may have learnt a standard method at application of first aid best suited to his skill. He is trained to reach patients.

RESPONSIBILITIES OF FIRST AIDER:

RESPONSIBILITIES OF FIRST AIDER Gain access to the patient in easiest, safest way. Observe the accident scene &assess the situation. Identify the injury or the nature of illness affecting a casualty. Make essential telephones, direct others to direct traffic. Find out whether the patient is conscious, unconscious, alive or start same margins.

Cont….:

Cont…. Give appropriate and adequate treatment according to priority. Assess the injury as soon as possible ,one can have more than one injury. Arrange for removal of casualty to the hospital without delay. Remain with the casualty until handling him over to the care of an appropriate person. Keep record of incidence, patient, addresses & witness.

WHEN THE RESPONSIBILITIES END:

WHEN THE RESPONSIBILITIES END Responsibilities end when casualty is handed over to the care of doctor, a nurse or other appropriate person.

WARNINGS TO THE FIRST AIDER:

WARNINGS TO THE FIRST AIDER She should keep in mind that she is not a doctor. She should not examine by opening which already have been bandaged by somebody else. She should not declare any person as dead .

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

BIBLIOGRAPHY Saini P. “First aid and emergency management.” 1 st edition, Lotus publisher;2004.p6-12. Singh A. “First aid and emergency care.” 8 th edition, N. Brothers Indore; 2004 Buyanov V. M. “First aid.”1 st edition, Mir publishers, Moscow,1985;p10-22 Thygerson A.L. “First aid pocket guide national safety council.” Jones and Barttett publishers, Boston;p15-28

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Cont………. http://www.google.co.in/search?hl=en&source

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