BUREAU OF CORRECTIONS OPERATING MANUALQ & A

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Reviewer in Correctional Institution

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BUREAU OF CORRECTIONS Operating Manual:

By MELCON S. LAPINA, MSCrim Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 1 BUREAU OF CORRECTIONS Operating Manual

Introduction :

Introduction Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 2 The answers to this Q & A are in a shortened form for ease of reading and retention of reviewees . Thus: (1) You will encounter sentences which are Chinese-like, that is, going direct to the point. (2) Reviewees are enjoined to take note to aid his memory on some shortened items.

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 3 Q: What is the law that governs the operation of Bureau of Corrections? A: Executive Order No. 292, specifically Sec. 36, Chapter 6, Book IV.

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 4 Q: What are the purposes of confinement? A: (a) segregation from society, and (b) rehabilitation

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 5 Q: What are the basic principles in the admission, custody and treatment of inmates? A: (a) promote discipline/secure reformation/safe custody of inamtes ; (b) impartial application

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 6 Q: What is prison? A: Prison refers to Penal establishment under control of BUCOR includes 7 penal colonies

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 7 Q: What is meant by competent authority ? A: Competent authority refers to: (a) SC, (2) CA, (3) RTC, (4) MeTC /MCTC/MTC, (5) Sandiganbayan , (6) Military Courts, (7) House of Rep & Senate, (8) COMELEC, (9) BI, (10)BPP

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 8 Q: Who is considered an inmate? A: (1) nat’l prisoner – (a) ↑3 yrs/fine of ↑P1k, (b) violation of customs/ immigation /election laws, (c) 2 or ↑ sentences ↑ 3 yrs, appealed or not, (d) for safekeeping; (2) detainee

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 9 Q: Who is considered a detainee? A: Confined in prison pending (1) preliminary investigation, (2) trial or appeal, (3) legal process issued by competent authority

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 10 Q: Who is considered a death convict? A: Whose death penalty imposed by RTC is affirmed by SC en banc.

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 11 Q: What is carpeta ? A: Institutional record of inmate: (1) mittimus /commitment order, (2) prosecutor’s information, (3) decision of trial court, including that of appellate court

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 12 Q: What is prison record? A: Information re inmate’s (1) personal circumstances, (2) offense committed, (3) sentence, (4) criminal case # in trial & appellate courts, (5) date of commencement of service, (6) date received for confinement, (7) place of confinement, (8) date of expiration of sentence, (9) # of previous convictions, (10) behavior/conduct while in prison

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 13 Q: Is the status of inmate affected by appeal? A: (1) Pending appeal, the status of an inmate shall not be changed. (2) Appellate court reduced penalty: inmate is transferred to BJMP or Provincial Jail.

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 14 Q: Will laws on parole, conditional pardon and diminution of sentences for good behavior affect the status of inmate? A: No. Status of an inmate or liability for his maintenance will not be affected.

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 15 Q: What are the functions of RDC? A: (1) receive, (2) study, and (3) classify inmates & detainees

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 16 Q: What is the minimum number of days that an inmate be placed in quarantine? A: 5 days

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 17 Q: What shall be done to an inmate during quarantine? A: (1) given physical examination. If sick, hospitalized immediately; (2) oriented w/ prison rules; and (3) interviewed by (a) counselor, (b) social worker, (c) other program staff officers NOTE: Interview – private

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 18 Q: Up to how many days will an inmate remain in RDC after the quarantine period? A: Not ↑ 55days

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 19 Q: What shall be done to inmate w/in this period (not ↑ 55days)? A: He undergoes examination: (1) psychiatric, (2) psychological, (3) sociological, (4) vocational, (5) education, (6) religious, (7) others

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 20 Q: For what purpose are the foregoing examinations being done? A: Individualized treatment program

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 21 Q: What data are contained in the inmate record? A: (1) inmate’s personal circumstances, (2) brief personal, social & occupational history, (3) result of inmate interview, (4) initial security classification

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 22 Q: What are the requirements before an inmate is admitted in RDC? A: (a) mittimus /commitment order (MCO), (b) information & court decision, (c) certification of detention, (d) certification: case not on appeal

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 23 Q: What is the form of MCO? A: (1) signature of judge, (2) seal of court, (3) attestation of clerk of court

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 24 Q: What is a registration book? A: Chronological record of commitments.

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 25 Q: What are the contents of registration book? A: (1) name of inmate, (2) reason for commitment & authority therefor , (3) sentence, (4) date & hour of admission, (5) date & hour of discharge/transfer & basis therefor .

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 26 Q: Enumerate the process of admission A: After registration: (1) photographed – front & side view, (2) fingerprinted, (3) assigned permanent prison #, (4) male: regulation haircut & beard/mustache shaven off

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 27 Q: May an inmate wear hairpieces? A: Wig/artificial hairpiece not allowed, except: (1) medical authorization, (2) approval of Superintendent

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 28 Q: Describe the place for admission. A: Physically separated from general prison population.

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 29 Q: What is the procedure of body search and personal effects? A: (1) searched thoroughly, (2) allowed to retain authorized articles, (3) all articles taken listed/recorded/receipted by guard in charge, (4) all articles taken returned upon discharge, except: (a) disposed of at inmate’s request, or (b) ordered condemned by Supt after lapse of 2 yrs.

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 30 Q: What shall be done with drug or medicine? A: Medical officer decides on its disposition.

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 31 Q: What is contraband? A: (1) prohibited drugs, (2) all types of weapons, (3) substances/chemicals: causing injury, (4) items/articles: inmate not allowed under prison rules

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 32 Q: What is the guiding policy re personal effects of inmate? A: (1) clothes/items for well-being : not interfere w/ safety & living conditions of other inmates. (2) electrical equipment : tv , radio cassettes, video players, electric fans, etc. – for common use w/ other inmates (3) luxurious items : aircon , carpets, sofas, beds, sleeping mattresses, washing machines, etc. – not allowed

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 33 Q: What is the policy on wearing of jewelry? A: Not allowed, except INEXPENSIVE WATCH.

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 34 Q: What is the composition of classification board? A: (1) chairman – Supt, (2) v-chairman – chief, RDC, (3) members – (a) medical officer, (b) chief, educ section, (c) chief, agro-industries section, (4) secretary – chief overseer

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 35 Q: How are inmates classified? A: (1) security status, (2) entitlement to prison privileges

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 36 Q: What are the types of classification as to security risk? A: (1) maximum security, (2) medium security, (3) minimum security

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 37 Q: What are the things to remember in maximum security ( maxsec ) classification? A: (1) highly dangerous/high security risk inmates, (2) requires high degree of control & supervision

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 38 Q: Who are classified under maxsec ? A: (1) death sentence; (2) minimum sentence: 20 yrs; (3) remand inmates/detainees: 20 yrs & ↑, & sentences under review by SC & CA; (4) w/ pending cases; (5) recidivists/habitual delinquents/escapees; (6) confined at RDC; (7) under disciplinary punishment/safekeeping; (8) criminally insane/severe personality/emotional disorders – dangerous to fellow inmates/prison staff

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 39 Q: What are the things to remember in medium security ( medsec ) classification? A: (1) cannot be trusted in less secured-areas, (2) conduct/behavior: minimum supervision

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 40 Q: Who are classified under medsec ? A: (1) minimum sentence: ↓20 yrs; (2) remand inmates/detainees: ↓20 yrs; (3) 18 yrs & ↓, regardless of case & sentence; (4) 2 or ↑ escape record: (a) served 8 yrs from recommitment, (b) 1 escape: serve 5 yrs; (5) 1 st offenders life imprisonment: (a) served 5 yrs in maxsec , (b) detained in city/provincial jail – not entitled to said classification

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 41 Q: What are the things to remember in minimum security ( minsec ) classification? A: (1) can be reasonably trusted, (2) less restricted conditions

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 42 Q: Who are classified under minsec ? A: (1) severed physical handicap: certified by medical officer of prison; (2) 65 yrs old & ↑: (a) no pending case, (b) convictions not on appeal; (3) served ½ of minimum sentence or 1/3 of maximum sentence: GCTA not included; (4) to serve 6 mos before expiration of maximum sentence.

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 43 Q: What is the color of uniform of inmate per security classification? A: (1) maxsec – tangerine (orange) , (2) medsec – blue, (3) minsec – brown, (4) detainee – gray

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 44 Q: What is the classification of inmates as to entitlement to privileges? A: (1) Detainee; (2) 3 rd Class inmate; (3) 2 nd Class inmate; (4) 1 st inmate; (5) Colonist

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 45 Q: Who is classified as 3 rd Class inmate? A: Previously committed for 3 or ↑ times as sentenced prisoner, EXCEPTION: (1) imprisonment for non-payment of fine; (2) reduced from a higher class

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 46 Q: Who is classified as 2 nd Class inmate? A: (1) newly arrived; (2) demoted from 1 st Class; (3) promoted from 3 rd Class.

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 47 Q: Who is classified as 1 st Class inmate? A: (1) earned this class upon start of sentence thru character & credit for work while in detention; (2) promoted from 2 nd Class.

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 48 Q: Who is classified as colonist? A: (1) 1 st class & served 1 yr; (2) served w/ good conduct = 1/5 of maximum sentence, or 7 yrs for life sentence

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 49 Q: What are the privileges of a colonist? A: (1) add’l GCTA of 5 days/mo + regular GCTA under Art. 97, RPC (Allowance for Good Conduct); (2) auto-reduction: life sentence – 30 yrs; (3) Upon approval of Director: (a) live w/ him in prison & penal farm: (a.1) wife & children, (a.2) woman he desires to marry; (b) transpo expenses: family & discharge of colonist – charged to gov’t ; (c) family avails prison facilities: (c.1) hospital, (c.2) church, (c.3) school

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 50 Q: What are the privileges of a colonist? A: (4) special reward: (a) reasonable amount of clothing, (b) ordinary household supplies, (c) free subsistence; (5) wear civilian clothes on special occasions as per order of Superintendent

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 51 Q: Are inmate spouses allowed to live together in prison and penal farm? A: Yes, if they are both classified as colonists.

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 52 Q: May colonist status be revoked? A: Yes, for cause and at any time by Superintendent w/ approval of Director.

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 53 Q: What are the principles to follow in the place of confinement? A: (1) declared by President; (2) direction of court, (3) male: prison nearest to his residence; (4) detention for other classes of inmates/temporary safeekeeping

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 54 Q: What is the policy re security compounds? A: (1) if possible, separate compounds per security classification, (2) each compound: (a) Superintendent, (b) Assistant Superintendent

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 55 Q: What is the policy re separate facilities? A: If possible, separate dormitories: (1) finally sentence inmates; (2) death convicts; (3) w/ negative influence; (4) detainees; (5) youth offenders/↓ 18 yrs; (6) 1 st offenders; (7) habitual delinquents/recidivists/escapees; (8) infirm/aged/invalids/impaired mobility; (9) female offenders; (10) drug dependents; (11) foreign nationals; (12 members of cultural minorities

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 56 Q: What are the standards on prison accommodation? A : (1) meet reqts : sanitation & hygiene: (a) adequate ventilation, (b) living space, (c) lighting; (2) w/ bathrooms & washing areas; (3) areas regularly used: (a) properly maintained, (b) kept clean at all times; (4) (a) beds & clothings : (a.1) neatly made up, (a.2) uniform manner at all times; (b) beds & buildings: disinfected once/mo.

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 57 Q: What are the standards on prison accommodation? A : (5) cleanliness at all times in all facilities; (6) inmates: wash dirty clothes; (7) (a) Every Sunday & holiday: clothes/beds/beddings – expose to sunshine; (b) cleanliness of dormitories: strictly enforced; (c) littering: prohibited; (8) meals: 3/day

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 58 Q: What are youth camps? A: Agricultural & forestry camps: youth offenders serve instead of confinement.

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 59 Q: What is the policy re transfer of inmate to another prison? A: (1) order of Dir & recommendation of Supt; (2) purpose: (a) bring inmate closer to family, (b) part of rehab program.

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 60 Q: What is the policy re transfer of insane inmates? A: (1) confirmed mentally abnormal/insane; (2) transferred to mental hospital; (3) approval of Dir.

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 61 Q: What is the policy re transfer of inmate to a stockade of AFP? A: (1) minimum security risk; (2) not belonging any of ff: (a) life/death sentence, (b) record of escape, (c) recidivist, (d) for crime involving moral turpitude, (e) female; (f) in previous AFP stockade & was returned for cause; (g) ↑ 50 yrs old/cannot perform manual work; (h) w/ permanent residence w/in 100km radius from AFP stockade; ( i ) w/ pending case/witness in pending criminal case

To be finished…….:

To be finished……. Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 62 Q: A:

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 67 Q: A:

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Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim 68 Q: A: