Criminal Justice System-111611

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Criminal Justice System: the Role of the Anti-Crime NGOs and the Community Pillar :

Criminal Justice System: the Role of the Anti-Crime NGOs and the Community Pillar By Teresita Ang See Founding Chair, Movement for Restoration of Peace and Order Founding President, Kaisa Para Sa Kaunlaran Inc. Presented at the “Conference-Workshop on the Five Pillars of the Criminal Justice System: Current Thrusts and Challenges,” organized by the Philippine Public Safety College and held at the PNP Multi Purpose Hall, Camp Crame , Quezon City on November 16-18, 2011.

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Two active anti-crime NGOs: Movement for Restoration of Peace and Order and the Citizens Action Against Crime Both organized in 1993 as ad hoc groups due to kidnap-for-ransom (KFR). Slogan -- “After Charlene, who’s next?” Became permanent fixtures in the criminal justice system. KFR cases became symptomatic of how badly CJS needs a total overhaul . The sickness afflicting the CJS cuts across all five pillars of the justice system.

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The more MRPO-CAAC got involved, the more the groups realize: The complexity of the problems before the groups. The long, tortuous, and arduous path to reforms. By nature, the system, the people behind them too defensive and stubbornly resistant to reforms. It needs not just an entire paradigm shift but the willingness to work for reforms, dedication, commitment, and resources to see the reforms through. It takes political will above all and large-scale institutional support to make the wheels of the justice system move more efficiently and effectively. The fact that we are still having this seminar is a statement in itself.

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Police watch and support Prosecution liaison Court watch Corrections watch Community networking Media network

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PNP – PIO 15 units Canon Video Cameras and 1 unit 4 Bay Network Attached Storage (4TB Storage) PNP - Crime Lab 2 units each Spectrophotometer/ 2 units Magnetic Hot Plate 2 units Stirrer/Electronic Top Load Balance PNP – SAF Additional Rope Course: Rapelling /Fast Slide PNP – PMO 30 units Desktop Outlay for first semester 2012: P4,671,834.50 PNP – LSS Different Automotive Tools / 5 desktop PC NCRPO 30 units Desktop PCs PNP – HPG communications and IT equipment PNP Equipment Catalogue PNP ITMS Camp Crame Wireless network

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PNP Training School: P1,892.540.00 230 theater seats 40 sets of 3 chairs and one table 5 sets of instructors’ tables and chairs 30 sets of students’ desks and chairs sets of blinds for five rooms 5 dry erase. tempered class boards, installed 4 LCD projectors 2 ASUS laptops Project Management Office : P 105,490.00 1 LCD Projector 2 ASUS laptop 1 Nikon D3100 Rehabilitation of document archiving and intranet system for Directorate for Police- Coommunity Relations: P81,415.00

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Rehabilitation of the entire seven station Rope Obstacle Course of the Special Action Force in Camp Sto Domingo, Silang , Cavite: P890,000.00 PNP Health Service: P810,600.00 1 Delivery Table 25 Hospital beds with 2 cranks and mattress 20 Wheelchairs with Magwheels 20 OMRON Nebullizer Machines, made in Japan 17 Examining tables Senn type with stirrups 17 Weighing Scale with Height scale 20 BP apparatus, aneroid type, roll by 30 Minor Surgery Kits 5 ER   Stretchers 30 Gooseneck Lamp 20 IV stand

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PNPFI donated 65 rubber inflatable boats which were turned over to the PNP on Nov. 9, 2010 .

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And behind each high-profile case… Given Grace Cebanico rape-murder case Attorney Augustus Cezar , PUP professor, ambush-slay Venson Evangelista at Emerson Lozano carjacking-murder case (victims of the Dominguez carnapping syndicate) … are countless cases of unknown victims, especially in rural areas. Massacres of entire families by drugs-crazed criminals are so common that we’ve become numbed and inured when we hear them.

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Criminal Justice System’s Ideal Thematic Framework

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1. Leadership and quality of management

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2. Functions and operations

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3. Institutional framework, organization structure

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4. Human resource development CJS Issues and Challenges

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5. Resources CJS Issues and Challenges

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6. Working condition 7. Organizational culture and integrity CJS Issues and Challenges

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8. Community relations and linkages CJS Issues and Challenges

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Corruption and bribery remain among the biggest challenges to reforms . The revised penal code is vintage 1930. “Untouchables.” The inability to weed out unscrupulous policemen, jail guards, special law enforcement agents, prosecutors, judges... affect the image of the entire criminal justice system and the delivery of justice. Lack of proper coordination between the investigators, prosecutors, judges and witnesses; technical inefficiency of key players . Clogging and congestion in case dockets leading to delay in the disposition of cases.

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Political intervention and influence peddling in appointments, assignments and promotions. Inefficiency and incompetence, inadequacy of training in investigation and handling of evidence; intelligence gathering, witnesses interview, lack of lawyers, lack of judges and prosecutors, especially in the provinces. Lack of protection of witnesses, lawyers, prosecutors and judges. Difficulty of securing the presence of police witnesses and when they do appear in court, they are not prepared. Non-appearance of witnesses during preliminary or formal investigation; Lack of communication skills when testifying. Sum up of Issues and Challenges

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Behind each crime statistic are shattered lives of people. The labyrinthine and often nightmarish CJS makes them victims all over again. Imperfect and flawed as it is, the CJS as it is now, is the only one we have and it is imperative that we continue trying to chip at the blocks of problems. Anti-crime NGOs participate in a number of national summits on peace and order, but unfortunately, the ACTION PLANS remain as PLANS with no action. All is not lost. Conclusion

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Today, the topic of the workshop is reforms in the CJS. The NAPOLCOM recently finished several workshops involving the five CJS pillars. DILG and DOJ will hold a symposium on CJS reforms in December this year. MAP, FINEX, MBC led the signing of a Covenant for Reforms in the Criminal Justice System at Marriott Hotel on October 13. As anti-crime NGOS, we are ready to be tapped in drawing up action plans, as long as we are assured that actions will be taken and not remain as plans. Conclusion

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