automated guided vechiles

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Presentation Description

agv automated guided vehicles are vehicles operated through computers and how does they come where to go i.e their path it may be through magnetic tapes, camera, radiations etc

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Presentation Transcript

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AUTOMATED GUIDED VECHICLES

INTRODUCTION:

Automated guided vehicle (AGV) is a mobile robot that follows markers or wires, or uses vision, magnet, or lasers for movement. It is a computer controlled, non manned, electric powered vehicle capable of handling material. They are most often used in industrial application to move material around a manufacturing industry. INTRODUCTION

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The first AGV system was built and introduced in 1953. It was a modified towing tractor that was used to pull a trailer and follow an overhead wire in a grocery warehouse. They move on a predictable path with precisely controlled acceleration and velocity. AGVs are particularly useful where products need to be handled carefully or the environment is potentially dangerous to humans. Examples include the handling of telecommunication products, IC chips, voltage cables and radioactive materials .

HOW DO THE AGV KNOW WHERE TO GO????:

They come to know about that by some guidance – different guidance are given according to customer requirement, frequency of transportation etc that are given below:- A. Laser guidance : The laser technique provides the customer with extensive freedom because the automated guided vehicle does not need any tracks, wires or rails, but can be easily programmed for both indoor and outdoor driving. The driving routes can easily be changed within the software. HOW DO THE AGV KNOW WHERE TO GO????

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LASER GUIDANCE AGV’S

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B. Wire guidance : Wire guidance is a well-proven navigation system where the vehicle follows a wire laid in the floor. Information is transferred via the wire, radio or defined information points to a host computer. Wire guidance can be applied to both indoor and outdoor use.

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C . Tape guidance : The vehicle follows a taped or painted line on the floor via a camera. Information is transferred via radio communication. Tape guidance is only suitable for indoor use.

TYPES OF AGV:-:

Unit load vehicles feature rugged steel frames and onboard conveyance, making them suitable for industrial environments with automated processes. TYPES OF AGV:-

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Cart vehicles popular in the automotive and electronics industries, are used for material transportation and assembly line tasks. Typically featuring low capacity and complexity, these systems are less expensive than conventional AGVs and also more flexible. Most cart vehicles follow a magnetic tape on the floor, so changing the path is quick and inexpensive.

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Fork vehicles are designed for applications in which automated load pickup or delivery is required from various heights. Fork vehicles are most often used for trailer loading and unloading and floor-to-floor delivery.

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Light Load vehicles are vehicles which have capacities in the neighborhood of 500 pounds or less and are used to transport small parts, baskets, or other light loads though a light manufacturing environment. They are designed to operate in areas with limited space.

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AGV Applications Automated Guided Vehicles can be used in a wide variety of applications to transport many different types of material including pallets, rolls, racks, carts, and containers. Raw Material Handling:- AGVs are commonly used to transport raw materials such as paper, steel, rubber, metal, and plastic. This includes transporting materials from receiving to the warehouse , and delivering materials directly to production lines.

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2. Finished Product Handling:- Moving finished goods from manufacturing to storage or shipping is the final movement of materials before they are delivered to customers. These movements often require the gentlest material handling because the products are complete and subject to damage from rough handling.

ADVANTAGES OF AGV’S:

Repetitive motion. Distance over 150 feet. Multi shift operation. Desire to save costs and improve efficiency. Reduces labor costs. High handling. Flexible . ADVANTAGES OF AGV’S

REFERENCES:

  “The Basics of Automated Guided Vehicles” . AGV Systems. Savant. 5 March 2006 "Guidance options for AGVs"  Jervis B. Webb Company, 2007 . https://www.transbotics.com/applications REFERENCES

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