Medicine and Social Sciences

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Medicine & Social Sciences:

Medicine & Social Sciences We are faced with many problems – People who need a service fail to secure the total benefit that is expected. Immunization has not gained universal acceptance Family planning not being used to the extent desired. WHY DO PEOPLE BEHAVE AS THEY DO?

Social Sciences:

Social Sciences These are Economics Political Science Sociology Social Psychology Anthropology Last three are Behavioural Sciences.

Economics:

Economics Deals with human relationships in the specific context of production, distribution, consumption and ownership of scarce resources, goods and services.

Political Sciences:

Political Sciences Study of system of laws and institutions which constitute government of whole societies.

Sociology:

Sociology Study of individuals as well as groups in a society.

Social Psychology:

Social Psychology Psychology of individuals living in human society or groups.

Anthropology:

Anthropology Study of physical, social and cultural history of man.

Culture:

Culture Learned behaviour which has been socially acquired. Cultural- way of life, sum total of customs, beliefs, attitudes, practices, values, goals, laws, traditions and moral codes of people. Cultural and natural things.

Social Problems:

Social Problems Individual problems become social problems when they affect a large number of people amounting to a threat to the welfare or safety of the whole group.

Family:

Family Group of biologically related individuals, living together and eating from a common kitchen.

Types of Family:

Types of Family Nuclear Family- married couple and their dependant children. Joint Family – consists of many married couples and their children Common family purse All authority vested in senior male member of the family Three Generation Family-There are representative of three generations, when young couple is not able to move out and continue to live together, it is fairly common in the west.

Functions of the Family:

Functions of the Family Residence Division of Labour – traditional roles are being blurred and all members are playing increasing part in the management of the family. Reproduction and child rearing Socialization Economic Function- family holdings Social Care- giving status in a society, protecting members from insults and defamation, regulating marital, political and religious activities.

Occupational Classification:

Occupational Classification I Professional Occupation II Intermediate Occupation IIIN Non-manual Skilled Occupation IIIM Manual Skilled Occupation IV Partly Skilled Occupation V Unskilled Occupation

Socio-economic Status Scale:

Socio-economic Status Scale Kuppuswamy used education, occupation and monthly income (Urban area) Upper Upper middle Lower middle Upper Lower Lower

Pareek Method (Rural):

Pareek Method (Rural) Caste Occupation Education Land Holding Social Participation Family Size Housing Farm Power Material Possession (as income may be concealed)

Prasad’s Method:

Prasad’s Method Per capita monthly family income Wealth does not guarantee good health (Obesity, Hypertension, Coronary Artery Disease, Diabetes).

Hollingshed in USA:

Hollingshed in USA Education, Occupation, and residential address

Consumer Protection Act:

Consumer Protection Act Consumer Protection Act 1986 Patient or relative can go to consumer court in event of negligence, for suffering or death of the patient. The decision is taken within 6 months Compensation limits District Court – up to Rs. 20 lakhs State Commission- 20 lakhs to one crore National Commission- Above Rs. One Crore Can also complain to MCI- Medical Council of India- they can cancel the registration of the doctor

Poverty:

Poverty 19% of world population living below One dollar per day. 2003 estimates 28.6% (309 million) living below POVERTY LINE. Poverty Line- Expenditure required for a daily calorie intake of 2,400 per person in rural areas and 2,100 in urban areas. Officially estimated at Rs 228.9 in rural and Rs. 264 in urban areas (per capita, per month) at 1993-94 prices.

Acculturation (SNote):

Acculturation (SNote) Whenever people from different cultures meet they share and learn each others culture. There is diffusion of culture both ways. Like in trade & Commerce, industrialization, propagation of religion, education, Conquest, sports meet, tourism, conferences, etc. Introduction of scientific medicine Changes in food habits Television & Films Tobacco

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