Herzberg-Theory-of-Motivation-Demo

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Recognition Success Growth Satisfaction Prosperity Motivation Herzberg Theory of Motivation

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Objective 1 Explain Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory 2 Describe the Hygiene Factors 3 Describe the Motivational Factors 4 Explain the Importance of Herzberg Theory 5 Explain the Criticisms of Herzberg Theory

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Introduction Look at the two employees, Edward Smith and Richard Clooney of two different MNCs Edward Smith Richard Clooney Edward Smith does not feel motivated to work in his office. He does not feel motivated to come to the office everyday and work Richard Clooney, on the other hand, is dissatisfied with his work. He wants to leave his present job and find another job

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Introduction Both Edward and Richard are facing problems in their work Edward Smith Richard Clooney Edward feels de-motivated whereas Richard is highly dissatisfied So, is there anything that can be done to help such employees and motivate them?

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Introduction Frederick Herzberg There was a motivation theory proposed by Frederick Herzberg known as ‘Herzberg Theory’ that takes care of these two issues, motivation and dissatisfaction Let us look at ‘Herzberg Theory’ in detail

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What are Motives? A motive is an inner state that energizes, activates, or moves and directs or channels behaviour towards goals

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Classification of Motives Motives can be classified as: Primary Motives Secondary Motives General Motives Let’s take a look at each in detail

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Primary Motives • • • Primary motives are also known as physiological / biological / unlearned motives The criteria for a motive to be primary are that they should be unlearned and physiological Primary motives tend to reduce the tension or stimulation A few examples of primary motives are: hunger, thirst, sleep, avoidance of pain, etc. •

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Examples of Secondary Motives The following are a few examples of key secondary needs: Let’s look at each in detail Need for Achievement Need for Power Need for Affiliation Need for Security Need for Status

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Examples of Secondary Motives Need for Achievement Need for Achievement: Doing better than competitors Attaining a difficult goal Solving a complex problem

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What is Motivation? Motivation is an inferred process which makes an individual or an animal to move towards a goal. Motivation initiates, directs and sustains behavior to achieve physiological and psychological needs. Motivation helps us to be successful in any undertaking. It is a desire or need which directs and energizes behavior that is oriented towards a goal.

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Theories of Motivation Early Theories of Motivation Maslows' Hierarchy of Needs Theory Theory X and Theory Y Two-factor Theory Herzberg's Theory of Factors McClelland’s Theory of Needs Contemporary Theories of Motivation Self-Determination Theory Goal-Setting Theory Self-Efficacy Theory Reinforcement Theory Equity Theory/Organizational Justice Expectancy Theory

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Frederick Herzberg Frederick Herzberg, an American psychologist attended the City College of New York. He discontinued his studies and joined the army. As a patrol sergeant, he witnessed the Nazi concentration camp at Dachau. The talks which he had with the Germans and his experience triggered his interest in motivation. After returning from war, he went back to City College and completed his graduation in 1946. After that he went to University of Pittsburg to do post-graduate course in science and public health. He earned his PhD in psychology.

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Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory The Herzberg Theory identifies two sets of factors that influence job satisfaction: Motivators Hygiene Factors Job content factors such as achievement, recognition, responsibility, advancement, and the work itself. Satisfaction will prevail only where motivation exists Job-context factors such as salary, interpersonal relations, technical supervision, working conditions, and company policies and administration. Dissatisfaction will prevail if hygiene factors are neglected. The two-factor theory holds that motivators and hygiene factors relate to employee satisfaction – a more complex relationship than the traditional view that employees are either satisfied or dissatisfied Let us look at each factor in detail

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Advantages of Herzberg’s Theory Herzberg Theory forced organizations: To re-examine some of their stereo-typed ideas about work behavior of people To redesign job to make job interesting, meaningful and challenging to ensure job satisfaction and good job performance

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