direct speech to indirect speech

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how to change a sentence in direct speech into indirect speech

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Direct – Indirect : 

Direct – Indirect Direct – Indirect

DIRECT SPEECH – INDIRECT SPEECH. : 

DIRECT SPEECH – INDIRECT SPEECH. DIRECT INDIRECT Now then Today that day This week that week Tomorrow the next day Next week the week after Yester day the day before Last week the week before This that These those

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Here there Before ago Thus so This year that year This month that month Next month the following month Next year the year after Last month the previous month Last year the previous year Present tense past tense Past tense past perfect tense

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Present continuous past continuous Present perfect past perfect Present perfect continuous past perfect continuous Will would Shall should Can could May might Must should

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First person Singular plural I we Me us My our Mine ours Second person Singular plural you you you you your your Third person Singular plural He, she they Him, her them His, her their

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I person II person III person I you he, she We you they Me you him, her Us you them My your his, her Our your their

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STATEMENT Replace said to by told Replace , ‘‘ by that WH-QUESTIONS Replace said to by asked Replace , ‘‘ by question word YES OR NO QUESTIONS Replace said to by asked Replace , ‘‘ by if or whether

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IMPERATIVE Replace said to by ordered requested commanded begged advised warned Replace , ‘‘ by to EXCLAMATORY Replace said to by exclaimed Replace , ‘‘ by that

Ravi said to Balu, “ I am very happy”. : 

Ravi said to Balu, “ I am very happy”. Ravi told Balu that he was very happy. Raju said to Latha, “ I am not doing well”. Raju told Latha that he was not doing well.

Vanaja said , “ I am very busy today”. : 

Vanaja said , “ I am very busy today”. Vanaja said that she was very busy that day. Vani said , “ I am going to my sister’s house today”. Vani said that she was going to her sister’s house that day.

Vijaya said , “My father will not go to office today”. : 

Vijaya said , “My father will not go to office today”. Vijaya said that her father would not go to office that day. Muthu said to me, “You have broken my spectacles”. Muthu told me that I had broken his spectacles.

Rani said to vani, “We will attend the function tomorrow”. : 

Rani said to vani, “We will attend the function tomorrow”. Rani told vani that they would attend the function the next day. Kesavan said to Mathavan, “I want to follow your ways”. Kesavan told Mathavan that he wanted to follow his ways.

He said to Ram, “ I want your pen now ”. : 

He said to Ram, “ I want your pen now ”. He told Ram that he wanted his pen then. Sunitha said to Vanitha, “ You have to go to your house to bring my pen now ”. Sunitha told Vanitha that she had to go to her house to bring her pen then.

Ram said to his friend, “ Who has broken the chair ? ”. : 

Ram said to his friend, “ Who has broken the chair ? ”. Ram asked his friend who had broken the chair. Velan said to Sunitha , “ When will you leave your house ? ”. Velan asked Sunitha when she would leave her house.

My aunt said to me, “ What will you do if it rains ? ”. : 

My aunt said to me, “ What will you do if it rains ? ”. My aunt asked me what I would do if it rained. Kannan said to Balu , “ When did you buy a new car ? ”. Kannan asked Balu when he had bought a new car .

They said to Kala, “ Why have n’t you written to us for such a long time ? ”. : 

They said to Kala, “ Why have n’t you written to us for such a long time ? ”. They asked Kala why she had n’t written to them for such a long time . Sivaram said to his wife, “ What are you going to prepare for dinner ? ”. Sivaram asked his wife what she was going to prepare for dinner.

“How many students have passed the examination?” a parent asked. : 

“How many students have passed the examination?” a parent asked. A parent asked how many students had passed the examination. She asked her friend, “Whom did you meet in the railway station ?”. She asked her friend whom she had met in the railway station.

The villager said to the conductor, “Does this bus go to Gandhi museum?”. : 

The villager said to the conductor, “Does this bus go to Gandhi museum?”. The villager asked the conductor if that bus went to Gandhi museum. The teacher said to the students, “Can you do this sum yourself ?”. The teacher asked the students if they could do that sum their self.

Balan said to Mala, “ Have you ever seen Tajmahal?”. : 

Balan said to Mala, “ Have you ever seen Tajmahal?”. Balan asked Mala if she had ever seen Tajmahal. Raja said to Mani, “ Shall we go to a film this evening?”. Raja asked Mani if they would go to a film that evening.

“Don’t talk in the class” said the teacher to the students. : 

“Don’t talk in the class” said the teacher to the students. The teacher advised the students not to talk in the class. “Please give me something to eat” said the old man to them. The old man requested them to give him something to eat.

My father said to me, “ You have to work hard for this examination”. : 

My father said to me, “ You have to work hard for this examination”. “ Children, don’t go near the water ”said my mother. She said to Mano, “Please, take my pen and give me your pencil”. My father told me that I had to work hard for that examination. My mother advised her children not to go near water. She requested Mano to take her pen and give her his pencil.

“How are you going to solve this problem?” said the teacher to the boys. : 

“How are you going to solve this problem?” said the teacher to the boys. “When will you come back from your tour?” said Raja to Rani. “Is this the book you lost yesterday?” John said to me. The teacher asked the boys how they were going to solve that problem. Raja asked Rani when she would come back from her tour. John asked me if that was the book I had lost the previous day.

My mother said to me, “ I have often told you not to play with glass things”. : 

My mother said to me, “ I have often told you not to play with glass things”. I said to my wife, “What are you going to prepare for the dinner?” My mother told me that she had often told me not to play with glass things. I asked my wife what she was going to prepare for the dinner.

The officer asked the peon, “ Why were you late yesterday?” : 

The officer asked the peon, “ Why were you late yesterday?” The old lady said, “What a fine piece of literature is this”. The officer asked the peon why he had been late the previous day. The old lady exclaimed that that piece of literature was fine.

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