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The new developments transformed the political system of many countries of Europe and of the Americas . The basic features of these developments were the growth of democratic political system rise of nationalism and ideas of socialism along with movement of social equality . These changes in political & social systems were brought by revolutions . French Society During the Late 18th Century .: French Society During the Late 18 th Century . In 1774 , Louis XVI of the bourbon family of kings ascended the throne to France He was @0 years old and married to the princess Marry Antoinette. The French society was divided in three estates . 1st Estate- Clergy. 2 nd Estate –Nobles. 3rd Estate The French Revolution: The French Revolution The King and Queen of French: The King and Queen of French Louis XVI Marie Antoinette The French Revolution: The French Revolution The French revolution of 1789 is regarded as a great landmark in the history of the world . Rimsay Muir calls it “World Revolution’’. It was as much a war of ideas . French was famous for the despotic rule . The reign of Louis 16 to his countrymen was an ill-governed ,discontented and frustrated France . The result was the outbreak of a revolution by the French people against autocracy and aristocracy in 1789 . The French Revolution: The French Revolution On the morning of 14 th July 1789 ,the city of Paris was in a state of alarm . About 7 thousand of men and women gathered in front of the town hall and form a people’s militia .They broke into number of government buildings . A group of several hundred people marched towards the eastern part of the city and stormed the fortress-prison, the Bastille ,where many hoped to fined hoarded ammunition. The days that followed saw more rioting both in Paris and the country side . The French Revolution: The French Revolution The French Revolution: The French Revolution Most people were protesting against the high price of bread . CAUSES: CAUSES Political conditions , social inequalities miserable conditions of common people , arbitrary rulers , corrupt administration , absence of uniform system of law and order , rise of middle class extravagance of the royal family ,unfair distribution of taxes and selfish motives of nobility and higher clergy created the conditions of revolution . INTELLECTUAL CUASES: INTELLECTUAL CUASES The philosophers like Montesquieu ,Voltaire and Rousseau inspired the people to rise against the oppressive king and immoral nobility and clergy . The Royal treasury had fallen empty and the king had to call the Estate General after 175 years . Consequently , the given situation provided ample opportunities for the revolution . The revolt broke out on July 14 , 1789, with the capture of Bastille, the great state prison of Paris . The revolutionaries put the king and the queen to death in 1793 . A republic was declared in France . ESTATE GENERAL : ESTATE GENERAL A hall in Versailles was prepared to host the delegates . The first & second estate sent 300 representative each , who were seated in rows facing each other on 2 side , while the 600 members of the third estate had to stand at the back . Peasants , artisans & women were denied entry to the assembly . On 20 th June the representatives of third estate assembled in the indoor tennis court in grounds of Versailles and take a oath . The National Assembly completed the draft of the constitution in 1791. Only men above 25 years who paid taxes equal to at least three days of labors wage and were given t5he status of active citizen . ESTATE GENERAL: ESTATE GENERAL CONDITION OF WOMEN : CONDITION OF WOMEN Women worked as seamstresses ,sold flowers ,fruits and vegetables at the market ,or were employed as domestic servants in the houses of prosperous people . Most women did not access to education . Women were disappointed that the constitution of 1791 reduced them to passive citizens . The laws introduced by government are as follows- Schooling was made compulsory for all girls . There father could not longer force them into marriage against their will . Marriage was made into contract entered into freely and registered under civil law . CONDITION OF WOMEN : CONDITION OF WOMEN Divorce was made legal and could now train for jobs, could become artists or run small business. Women could now train for jobs, could became artists or run small businesses. Slavery was finally abolished in french colonies in 1848 . RISE & FALL OF NAPOLEAN: RISE & FALL OF NAPOLEAN Shortly the entire power was concentrated in the hands of Napoleon Bonaparte . He declared himself the emperor of the french republic . European countries formed a coalition against napoleon and defeated him in the Battle of Waterloo . Napoleon Crossing the Alps : Napoleon Crossing the Alps PowerPoint Presentation: Finish Thank you For Watching my presentation You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.