WORLD POPULATION DAY 11 JUL 2013

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WORLD POPULATION DAY 11 JUL 2013, INDIAN PERSPECTIVE

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World Population Day – 11 JUL 2013:

World Population Day – 11 JUL 2013 WORLD POPULATION DAY CAMPAIGN PRESENTATION BY COL (DR) RAJAT SRIVASTAVA MBBS MD MIPHA PROF & HEAD OF THE DEPT OF COMMUNITY MEDICINE ARMY COLLEGE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, DELHI CANTT, INDIA DURING WORLD POPULATION DAY 11 JUL 2013

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Wednesday, July 10, 2013 2 PROF & HOD COMMUNITY MEDICINE, ARMY COLLEGE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES

World Population Day – 11 JUL 2013:

World Population Day – 11 JUL 2013

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Making sure YOU matter it's all about the data! World Population Day 11 July 2013

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Making sure YOU matter it's all about the data! World Population Day 11 July 2013 11 July every year: A time to reflect on population trends and related issues. An annual event that marks the date when the world's population reached 5 billion (11 July 1987). There are now 7 billion people in the world, and there will probably be 8 billion by 2030

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11 July is World Population Day Focus is on Adolescent Pregnancy About 16 million girls under age 18 give birth each year. Another 3.2 million undergo unsafe abortions. The vast majority – 90 per cent -- of the pregnant adolescents in the developing world are married. But for far too many of these girls, pregnancy has little to do with informed choice. Often it is a consequence of discrimination, rights violations (including child marriage), inadequate education or sexual coercion. Adolescent pregnancy is a health issue: the youngest mothers face a heightened risk of maternal complications, death and disability, including obstetric fistula. Their children face higher risks as well. It is also an issue of human rights. Adolescent pregnancy often means an abrupt end of childhood, a curtailed education and lost opportunities. On this World Population Day, we raise awareness of the issue of adolescent pregnancy in the hopes of delivering a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe, and every young person’s potential is fulfilled.

World population:

World population

World Population:

World Population The world population is estimated by the United States Census Bureau to be 7.023 billion . The US Census Bureau estimates the 7 billion number was surpassed on 12 March 2012. According to a separate estimate by the United Nations, Earth’s population exceeded 7 billion in October 2011, a milestone that offers unprecedented challenges and opportunities to all.

World Population Day:

World Population Day World Population Day is an annual event, observed on July 11 , which seeks to raise awareness of global population issues. The event was established by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in 1989.

http://www.medindia.net/patients/calculators/pop_clock.asp:

http://www.medindia.net/patients/calculators/pop_clock.asp Estimated Population of India accessible at the click of the undermentioned site

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Rate of Increase in Indian Population Per Year 1,55,31,000 Per Month 12,73,033 Per Day 42,434 Per Hour 1,768 Per Minute 29 Estimated Population of India on Wednesday July 10, 2013 at 9:14:35 PM 1,245,300,700

What is population?:

What is population? A population is all the organisms that belong to the same group or species and live in the same geographical area .

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IND1A’s 2001 census had put the country’s population at over I billion. In the next eight years India will be the most populous nation in the world overtaking even China. The population of India’s states is comparable to large countries.

What is overpopulation?:

What is overpopulation? Excessive population of an area to the point of overcrowding, depletion of natural resources, or environmental deterioration. It is a major problem of developing third world countries. India has 17 percent of the world´s total population which means that one person in every 6 people on the planet is a resident of INDIA ..

Causes of over population in INDIA:

Causes of over population in INDIA Lack of education High birth rate Desire for male child Early marriages

Facts about the Population:

Facts about the Population 2.8 billion people live in poverty on less than USD 2 a day 600 million women on this earth are illiterate 600000 women die every year due to pregnancy related causes Annually 3 million children die at birth due to preventable causes 800 million people suffer hunger and malnutrition

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½ of Mankind lives in conditions worse than 100 years ago

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More than 1 ½ billion people do not have adequate safe water and proper sanitation

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... and 5 - 9 million infants less would die

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2.8 Billion people Live in Poverty on less than USD 2 a day

600 Million Women on this earth are Illiterate:

600 Million Women on this earth are Illiterate

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600,000 Women Die every year due to Pregnancy related causes One Every Minute

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800 Million people Suffer Hunger and Malnutrition

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Annually 3 million children Die at Birth due to preventable causes

POPULATION CONTROL:

POPULATION CONTROL Human population control is the practice of artificially altering the rate of growth of a human population. Historically, human population control has been implemented by limiting the population's birth rate , usually by government mandate, and has been undertaken as a response to factors including high or increasing levels of poverty , environmental concerns , religious reasons , and overpopulation .

Methods of population control:

Methods of population control contraception abstinence reducing infant mortality so that parents do not increase their family size to ensure at least some survive to adulthood. abortion infanticide emigration decreasing immigration sterilization

ONE CHILD POLICY IN CHINA :

ONE CHILD POLICY IN CHINA The most significant modern population control system is China's one-child policy, in which, with various exceptions, having more than one child is discouraged. Unauthorized births are punished by fines, although there have also been allegations of illegal forced abortions and forced sterilization. The Chinese government introduced the policy in 1978 to alleviate the social and environmental problems of China. According to government officials, the policy has helped prevent 400 million births.

Reasons for its failure:

Reasons for its failure In 2010, it was announced that the majority of the citizens initially subject to the policy are no longer of reproductive age and it has been speculated that many citizens simply disregard or violate the policy in more recent years. The deputy director of the Commission stated that the policy would remain unaltered until at least 2015. In March 2011, the Chinese government reviewed the policy and expressed considerations to allow for couples to have a second child. The US State Department, the Parliament of the United Kingdom and the human rights organization Amnesty International have all declared that China's family planning programs contribute to infanticide.

Reproductive health:

Reproductive health Condition in which the reproductive process is complemented by a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not just the absence of disease or problems in the reproductive process. This implies that people have the ability to reproduce, regulate their fertility. That women may go through the process of pregnancy and childbirth without complication. Fertility regulation may be achieved without problems for health so that people may feel secure.

Reproductive health :

Reproductive health One should be informed, have access to safe, effective, affordable and acceptable methods of family planning of their choice, as well as other methods of their choice for regulation of fertility that are not against the law. One should have appropriate health-care services that will enable women to go safely through pregnancy and childbirth, and will provide couples with the best chance of having a healthy infant. Reproductive health is both rights and health oriented.

Women’s poor health - Repercussions:

Women’s poor health - Repercussions Poor health has repercussions not only for women, but also their families. Women in poor health are more likely to give birth to low weight infants. They also are less likely to be able to provide food and adequate care for their children. Finally, a woman’s health affects the household economic well-being, as a woman in poor health will be less productive in the labor market.

Maternal mortality:

Maternal mortality Every minute, another woman dies in childbirth. Every minute, the loss of a mother shatters a family and threatens the well-being of surviving children. For every woman who dies, 20 or more experience serious complications. These range from chronic infections to disabling injuries such as obstetric fistula . Maternal death and disability rates mirror the huge discrepancies that exist between the haves and the have-nots both within and between countries. In any nation, maternal mortality is one of the most important health care indices.

Maternal mortality:

Maternal mortality Preventable Anemia Antenatal care High risk cases Transportation Skilled and certified birth attendants Emergency obstetric care

Equality:

Equality

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GENDER INEQUALITY Gender inequality refers to disparity between individuals due to gender. Gender is constructed both socially through social interactions as well as biologically through chromosomes, brain structure, and hormonal differences. Girls are often treated as inferior to boys at workplaces (through wage difference) and at home. At home a girl child is often considered a mark of bad luck. Boys are given priority as they will be heir in the future. Boys get everything they want but girls are often treated badly and sparred of a number of things like education.

Gender bias in India:

Gender bias in India There is a strong preference for sons in India, as sons are expected to care for their old parents. This preference for sons, along with high dowry costs for daughters, sometimes results in the mistreatment of daughters.

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REGARD BOYS AND GIRLS EQUAL, AVOID GENDER DISCRIMINATION.

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Millennium Development Goal 3

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FEMALE FOETICIDE Feticide (or foeticide) is an act that causes the death of a foetus. Sometimes it is done intentionally to kill girl infants. It has become a major social problem and termed as Female Feticide. Sex determination tests through ultrasound make it possible to determine the gender of the unborn baby. Some who believe that girl child is a curse to their home kill the foetus if its gender results show feminine. It is an ugly practice and a real sin to humanity.

Punjab sex ratio:

Punjab sex ratio

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A girl child may be a future Kalpana Chawla , Indira Gandhi or Bachendri Pal. So why kill girls. Help stop Female Foeticide .

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Thank You

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