Touchscreens-Final

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Touch Screen Technology:

Touch Screen Technology EECS 373 Jake Chrumka and David Yuschak

What is a touch screen?:

What is a touch screen? An electronic visual display that locates the coordinates of a users touch within display area Works independently of what is being displayed on screen [7]

When is it Applicable?:

When is it Applicable? It allows users to interact directly with what is being displayed, rather than indirectly using a mouse or keyboard Can be used without any intermediate device Found in modern smartphones, video games, kiosks, navigation systems, etc. . . [1]

Brief History:

Brief History Invented by E.A. Johnson (Royal Radar Est.) around 1965 for air traffic control HP-150 home computer using infrared technology in 1983 1993 Apple’s Newton and IBM’s Simon 2002 Microsoft’s Windows XP Tablet 2007 Apple’s iPhone (Multi-touch) [6]

Touch Screen Technology:

Touch Screen Technology Four different technologies used to make touch screens today: Resistive Capacitive Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) Infrared LED or Optical

Resistive Touch Screens:

Resistive Touch Screens Two layers of conductive material Touch creates contact between resistive layers completing circuit [2]

Resistive Touch Screens:

Resistive Touch Screens Voltage in circuit changes based on position Controller determines location based on voltages Any material can trigger sensors [2]

Why Resistive?:

Why Resistive? Advantages: Cost-effective and low power Requirements Activated by any object Accurate Disadvantages: Polyester surface can be damaged Only 75% light transmission Lower endurance (~35 million touches)

Resistive Summary:

Resistive Summary 8” resistive touch screen will cost about $60 4 and 5 wire touch screens don’t need controllers For those that do, they cost less than $5 Any object can be used to activate the screen Not able to register multiple touches ~75% of light is transferred through (12.5% per layer)

Capacitive Touch Screens:

Capacitive Touch Screens Glass panel with conductive layer (Indium Tin Oxide) Small amount of voltage applied to four corners of touch screen [2]

Capacitive Touch Screens:

Capacitive Touch Screens Touch draws minute amount of current creating voltage drop Coordinates of point of contact calculated by controller [2]

Why Capacitive?:

Why Capacitive? Advantages: Durable surface material High endurance (~255 million touches) Very accurate Good optical quality Disadvantages: Triggered only by bare finger or active stylus

Capacitive Summary:

Capacitive Summary 8” capacitive touch screen costs about $100 Controllers can be bought for less than $5 Only conductive objects can be used to activate Able to register multiple touches ~88% of light is transferred through

Surface Acoustic Wave Touch Screens:

Surface Acoustic Wave Touch Screens Surface consists of glass overlay with transmitting and receiving transducers [2]

Surface Acoustic Wave Touch Screens:

Surface Acoustic Wave Touch Screens Electrical signals sent to the transmitting transducers converts to ultrasonic waves Waves are directed across screen by reflectors then directed to receiving transducers [2]

Surface Acoustic Wave Touch Screens:

Surface Acoustic Wave Touch Screens When finger touches screen it absorbs waves Received values are compared to stored digital maps to calculate x and y coordinates [2]

Why SAW?:

Why SAW? Advantages: Best optical quality High surface durability and seal Activated by multiple sources Disadvantages: Expensive Contaminates on screen can cause false-touches

Surface Acoustic Wave Summary:

Surface Acoustic Wave Summary We were not able to find prices for individual screens Any object can be used to activate the screen Able to register multiple touches ~100% of light is transferred through

PowerPoint Presentation:

Uses infrared LEDs and matching photodetectors Touching screen interrupts LEDs Infrared/Optical Touch Screens [2]

Infrared/Optical Touch Screens:

Infrared/Optical Touch Screens Cameras detect reflected LED caused by touch Controller able to calculate coordinates from camera data [8]

Infrared/Optical Touch Screens:

Infrared/Optical Touch Screens Advantages: High optical clarity Durable surface Supports multi-touch Can scale to large sizes Disadvantages: Expensive Cameras can get out of alignment

Infrared/Optical Summary:

Infrared/Optical Summary 8” infrared touch screen costs about $160 Any object can be used to activate the screen Able to register multiple touches ~100% of light is transferred through

PowerPoint Presentation:

Type Examples Price (DigiKey) Tool for Input Multi-touch Resistive $10 (3.5”) $60 (8”) $150 (19”) Any object No Capacitive $100 (8”) $160 (19”) $310 (32”) Finger or active stylus Yes SAW $500 (15”) $850 (19”) *includes touch screen and LCD monitor Any object Yes Infrared/ Optical $130 (8”) $250 (19”) $320 (26”) Any object Yes [1] [1] [1] [1]

Works Cited:

Works Cited http://topnews.net.nz/category/companies/nintendo?page=7 http://www.planarembedded.com/technology/touch/ http://computer.howstuffworks.com/question716.htm http://www.tvielectronics.com/Touch_Screen.html http://inventors.about.com/od/tstartinventions/a/Touch-Screen.htm http://oldcomputers.net/apple-newto n.htm l http://www.tradekorea.com/product-detail/P00241446/touch_screen.html http://www.touchscreen-me.com/technologies-comparison-optical.php

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