DISASTER MANAGEMENT-FLOOD

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Introduction:

Introduction Floods are temporary inundation of large regions as a result of an increase in reservoirs or of rivers flooding their banks . A flood is an overflow of an expanse of water that submerges land.

Wrong design of a dam, or a canal CAUSES of FLOOD.. :

The most common type of floods is caused when the river owerflows its banks and water spreads on the surrounding land. Floods can also be caused due to following factors :- Blocking of river channel landslide Strong tides and storms in the sea Cyclones and tsunamis over the water bodies Wrong design of a dam, or a canal CAUSES of FLOOD..

Types of floods..:

Types of floods.. Flooding can be divided into different categories according to their duration: Slow-Onset Floods Rapid-Onset Floods Flash Floods

Flooding can also be divided into different categories according to their location::

Coastal Floods Arroyos Floods River Floods Urban Floods Flooding can also be divided into different categories according to their location:

The Indian Experience:

The Indian Experience India experiences more floods than any other country. About one-eighth of the total area of the country is prone to floods. Floods damage the standing crops and take a heavy toll of life and property .

Flood Forcasting:

Flood Forcasting The flood forecasting techniques are constantly reviewed, updated and modernized to make forecasts more accurate. This will reduce the miseries suffered by the people from recurring floods. This involves giving prior information regarding floods. This is essential so that timely action can be taken to prevent loss of life.

Precautions against floods:

Precautions against floods First-aid kit should be kept ready. Radio, torch, candles and spare batteries . . shouud be kept at stock. Cattle should be removed to higher places. Medicines for snake bites and diarrhoea should be kept at stock. Listen to radio or keep in touch with television for warning and advises

Precautions against flood:

Precautions against flood Adequate stock of fresh water, dry food articles, salt, sugar and kerosene should be kept handy. In case of floods, power should be turned-off and all electrical appliances should be disconnected. Only boiled water should be consumed and only freshly cook food should be eaten.

Conclusion..:

Conclusion.. Floods take a heavy toll of life and property so necessary precautions should be taken. Floods are great fury of nature and humans can take precautions against it but can not control it.

Presented By:-:

Presented By:- RAHUL JUNEJA

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