Hamlet

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Detailed exploration of characters, theme and other concepts of world renowned play Hamlet by William Shakespeare

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The Jacobean period:

The Jacobean period The Jacobean period was during the reign of James-I, the king of England who inherited the crown in 1603. It succeeded the Elizabethan era and is known for its specific style of arts and literature. Lots of good poetry and dramas took place at this time. Amongst the best of most dramatists, one was Shakespeare . Jacobean architecture

Shakespeare:

Shakespeare Shakespeare was an English poet, dramatist (playwright) who was born in 1564. He wrote many dramas during his lifetime. He was inspired from the works of other playwrights of the past. This was a typical characteristic of the Jacobean period. His main part of life was alone as a playwright but later on he did collaborate with other playwrights to form a drama team of his own.

Shakespeare in Jacobean Era:

Shakespeare in Jacobean Era A very noticeable characteristic of the Jacobean era is that most of the literature people and artists took ideas and stories from the past. Shakespeare was no exception to this. He received a licence from king James-I for creating plays on past history (the reason for ideas from past) and perform them in the royal palace. This influenced a lot.

Slide 4:

Hamlet was written sometime around the year 1600. Although this story was written in the Elizabethan period before king James-I got the throne, it was the transition period so Hamlet was also taken by bits from the history. Hamlet followed the story of a legend preserved since the 1200s. Hamlet also serves as the base to understand the drama of that age .

Language of the time:

Language of the time Shakespeare can be known as an innovative person. During the time of middle English, Shakespeare added several words to the dictionary and also made his own grammatical formations. This language now known as the Shakespearean English was the core of most works of that time (as Shakespeare was very dominant then).

Grammar, Language used in Hamlet:

Grammar, Language used in Hamlet Shakespeare used lots of figures of speech and devices in Hamlet. Especially, a lot of understatements, metaphors, similes, onomatopoeias and alliterations were used. This is because poetry was used more in the play due to a play inside the play (too complicated…). Otherwise the grammar used in the play is the same as in his other plays!

Culture of that time:

Culture of that time Lots of superstitions and fake beliefs used to be followed during Shakespeare's time. The first and foremost belief was in witchcraft, ghosts and goblins. This was portrayed in Shakespeare’s dramas - Macbeth and Hamlet especially, the role of the witches and ghosts were immense. Other superstitions are shown in the next slide...

Culture of that time:

Culture of that time It was believed that when a person sneezes, a devil may enter him. To prevent it, “God bless you” is said. A black cat crossing your path is bad luck. Spilling the costly spices is bad luck. Eclipses were bad omens. Unlucky to keep peacock feathers. Belief in magic potions and old hags to be witches. These superstitions were inculcated in the daily lives of many if not all...

Culture of that time - ghosts:

Culture of that time - ghosts Foremost, it was believed that ghosts exist! Secondly, it was believed that the dead (ghosts) could communicate to the living. Thirdly, it was considered that there is some sort of foul play if ghosts were seen at night. This is shown in Hamlet in the starting of the play when the former king’s ghost is seen and communicates the foul play to his son Hamlet.

Characterisation sketch:

Characterisation sketch Hamlet Gertrude Claudius B C - Polonius M Hamlet Ophelia Laertes B L F - Horatio F - Rosencrantz and Guildenstern S - Reynaldo G - Francisco and O - Marcellus and Barnardo Fortinbras Fortinbras Fight B - Brothers M - Married C - Courtiers L - Like F - Friends G - Guards O - Officers S - Servant

Characterisation:

Characterisation Hamlet - very thoughtful but rash at times, bitter at his father’s death (murder) and seeks revenge for it. Claudius - an ambitious politician, a murderer but a true lover of Gertrude. Gertrude - loves her son Hamlet but a very weak women he hardly moans the death of her former husband.

Characterisation:

Characterisation Ophelia - a obedient young woman whom Hamlet loves. She drowns in the river due to sorrow of her father’s death. Laertes - Ophelia’s brother he seeks revenge on Hamlet for his father’s murder. Polonius - A faithful courtier of Claudius and father of Ophelia and Laertes who is unknowingly murdered by Hamlet when helping Claudius.

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THANK YOU http:// www.bardweb.net/grammar/02rhetoric.html http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/maagdyy-2163706-hamlet / http :// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacobean_era http :// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Shakespeare#Style http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamlet http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/298982/Jacobean-literature http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/elizabethan-superstitions.htm No Fear Shakespeare Hamlet book

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