HANDBALL

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Slide 1:

Prepared by: Group 1

Measurements:

Measurements

Playing Field :

Playing Field Played on a court 40 by 20 meters(130 X 66 ft.) with a goal in the center of each end Goals are surrounded by a near- semicircular are a called the zone or the crease The zone is defined by a line six meters from the goal Free throw line is marked by a dashed near- semicircular line nine meters from the goal

Playing Field :

Playing Field

Goals :

Goals Each goal has a rectangular clearance area of three meters in the width and two meters in the height Goal posts and the crossbar must be made out of the same material (e.g. wood or aluminum) and feature a quadratic cross section with a side of 8 cm (3in) The three sides of the beams visible from the playing field must be painted alternating in two contrasting colors

Goals:

Goals The colors on both goals must be the same. Each goal must feature a net that is fastened in such a way that a ball thrown into does not leave or pass the goal under normal circumstances.

Goal Perimeter :

Goal Perimeter The goals are surrounded by the crease. This area is delimited by two quarter circles with a radius of six meters around the far corners of each goal post and a connecting line parallel to the goal line.

Substitution Area :

Substitution Area Outside of one long edge of the playing field to both sides of the middle line are the substitution areas for each team. The areas usually contain the benches as seating opportunities. Team officials, substitutes and suspended players must wait within this area.

Substitution Area :

Substitution Area The area always lies to the same side as the team's own goal. During half-time substitution areas are swapped. Any player entering or leaving the play must cross the substitution line which is part of the side line and extends 4.5 meters from the middle line to the team's side.

HISTORY OF HANDBALL:

HISTORY OF HANDBALL

HANDBALL: The Early Days:

HANDBALL: The Early Days Handball is believed to be one of humanity's oldest games . Some historians speculate that it predates soccer, since humans have always been better at manipulating objects with their hands than with their feet.

HANDBALL: The Early Days:

There's strong evidence that the ancient Greeks and Romans played games that could be considered precursors to modern handball. The Greeks' game was called urania . Later, the Romans played harpaston , in which competitors threw a ball over a line. HANDBALL: The Early Days

HANDBALL: The Early Days:

Similar games to handball were played in: Greenland Egypt Medieval Europe. One of these is fangballspiel, which translates to “catch ball game,” and is played in Germany . HANDBALL: The Early Days

HANDBALL: The Modern Era:

HANDBALL: The Modern Era HANDBALL Began in Northern Europe In the late 19th century emerged as the successor to such regionally popular games as raffball and Königsbergerball .

HANDBALL: The Modern Era:

Holger Nielsen of Denmark (medaled in fencing and shooting at the 1 st modern Olympic Games in 1896) Max Heiser (German physical education teacher) HANDBALL: The Modern Era credited with shaping the basic rules that have come to govern the sport.

HANDBALL: The Modern Era:

International Amateur Handball Federation established in 1928 was replaced in 1946 International Handball Federation continues today as the sport's world governing body. HANDBALL: The Modern Era

HANDBALL: The Modern Era:

Handball underwent a number of refinements during its formative years most significant modification- a move indoors . In its first modern incarnation, called field handball , teams of 11 played on turf fields . HANDBALL: The Modern Era

HANDBALL: The Modern Era:

Because of the game's popularity in snowy Scandinavia , a scaled-down indoor version featuring seven-member teams soon arose and eclipsed field handball. This is the version of the sport that is played at the Olympics today. HANDBALL: The Modern Era

Olympic Origins:

Olympic Origins Handball didn't make its Olympic debut until 1936 . Germany, host of the Berlin Games, added a demonstration sport to the program, which was then field handball . The sport was not included in 1948 when the summer games resumed after a 12-year hiatus.

Handball Today:

Handball Today Handball migrated from northern Europe to parts of the world where it once was unknown. made big gains in Asia has caught on in a few countries - notably Brazil and Argentina

Handball Today:

Handball enthusiasts have had more difficulty in importing their sport to the Americas. In the United States , it is often confused with the racquetball -style recreational sport of the same name. Handball Today

REFERENCE:

REFERENCE http://www.handball.org/info.html http://www.johann-sandra.com/handball.htm http://www.handball.org/info.html http://www.hand-ball.org/en/historia/index.php http://www.hand-ball.org/en/historia/historia_origen_y_evolucion_del_balonmano.php

HANDBALL EQUIPMENTS:

HANDBALL EQUIPMENTS

Team Handball Equipment:

Team Handball Equipment Goals the handball goal is about two meters by three meters. Ball although similar to a basketball and a soccer ball, it neither. The ball should be soft and capable of being dribbled and passed easily. The design is similar to a soccer ball but not as hard.

Slide 25:

Field an area that is forty meters long and twenty meters wide. It should have a dividing line in the middle and a goal at each end. Shoes any form of sports shoes are appropriate for team handball however there are specialized handball shoes available. The specialized handball shoes are generally not used at the social level but are reserved for the international level.

American Handball Equipment:

American Handball Equipment Gloves gloves are important in handball as they help to protect your hands when catching a fast flying handball. Though the game can still be played without gloves, players risk developing calluses and bruises. There is also the potential danger of injuring your hands and fingers.

Slide 27:

Protective eye wear as a safety feature, it is important to have protective eye wear when playing handball. Because handball is played with high speed balls, there is potential for serious damage if you are hit in the eye with the handball. Not only will it affect your vision, but the damage may be permanent.

Slide 28:

Handballs avoid the temptation to substitute your handball with balls intended for other sports, such as basketballs, volleyballs, kick balls or soccer balls. Although these balls are similar in size and weight to a handball, they are not intended for the same kind of usage. Using the wrong type of ball increases the risk of injury.

Slide 29:

Attire there are no hard and fast rules about attire. As long as you are wearing appropriate attire for engaging in sports, such as a t-shirt, shorts and a proper pair of sports shoes, you are good to go.

Handball Game Mechanics:

Handball Game Mechanics

A player is allowed . . .:

A player is allowed . . . To run with the ball for 3 steps To hold the ball for 3 seconds Unlimited dribble with 3 steps allowed before and after dribbling (no double-dribble).

A player is NOT allowed . . . :

A player is NOT allowed . . . To endanger an opponent with the ball To pull, hit or punch the ball out of the hands of an opponent To contact the ball below the knee To dive on the floor for a rolling or stationary ball.

Defending the Opponent:

Defending the Opponent A player is allowed to use the torso of the body to obstruct an opponent with or without the ball. However, using the outstretched arms or legs to obstruct, push, hold, trip or hit is NOT allowed. The attacking player is not allowed to charge into a defensive player.

Throw-In:

Throw-In awarded when ball goes out of bounds on the sideline or when the ball is last touched by a defensive player (excluding the goalie) and goes out of bounds over the endline . taken from the spot where the ball crossed the sideline, or if it crossed the endline , from the nearest corner. thrower must place one foot on the sideline to execute the throw. All opposing players must stay 3 meters away from the ball.

Free-Throw::

Free-Throw: For a minor foul or violation, a free-throw is awarded to the opponent at the exact spot it took place. If the foul or violation occurs between the goal area line and the 9-meter line, the throw is taken from the nearest post outside the 9-meter line. The thrower must keep one foot in contact with the floor, then pass or shoot.

7-Meter Throw (Penalty):

7-Meter Throw (Penalty) The 7-meter throw is awarded when… A foul destroys a clear chance to score The goalie carries the ball back into his or her own goal area A court player intentionally plays the ball to his or her own goalie in the goal area and the goalie touches the ball

7-Meter Throw (Penalty):

The 7-meter throw is awarded when… A defensive player enters his or her goal area to gain an advantage over an attacking player in possession of the ball. All players must be outside the free-throw line when the throw is taken. The player taking the throw has 3 seconds to shoot after referee's whistle. (Any player may take the 7-meter throw). 7-Meter Throw (Penalty)

Goal-Throw:

Goal-Throw A goal-throw is awarded when . . . The ball rebounds off the goalkeeper over the endline The ball is thrown over the endline by the attacking team. The goalie takes the throw inside the goal area and is not restricted by the 3-step/3-second rule.

Progressive Punishments:

Progressive Punishments Pertain to fouls that require more punishment than just a free-throw. "Actions" directed mainly at the opponent and not the ball (such as reaching around, holding, pushing, hitting, tripping and jumping into an opponent) are to be punished progressively.

Warnings (yellow card):

Warnings (yellow card) The referee gives only one warning to a player for rule violations and a total of three to a team. Exceeding these limits results in 2-minute suspensions thereafter. Warnings are not required prior to giving out a 2-minute suspension.

Warnings (yellow card):

Warnings (yellow card) 2-minute suspensions awarded for… Serious or repeated rules violations Unsportsmanlike conduct Illegal substitution The suspended player's team plays short for 2 minutes.

Disqualification and Exclusion (red card):

Disqualification and Exclusion (red card) A disqualification is the equivalent of three, 2-minute suspensions. A disqualified player must leave court and bench, but the team can replace player after the 2-minute suspension expires. An exclusion is given for assault. The excluded player's team continues short one player for the rest of the game.

HANDBALL: Hand Signals :

HANDBALL: Hand Signals

1. Entering the goal area.:

1. Entering the goal area.

2. Illegal dribble:

2. Illegal dribble

3. Too many steps or holding the ball more than three seconds.:

3. Too many steps or holding the ball more than three seconds.

4. Restraining, holding or pushing:

4. Restraining, holding or pushing

5. Hitting:

5. Hitting

6. Offensive foul:

6. Offensive foul

7. Throw- in direction:

7. Throw- in direction

8. Goalkeeper- throw:

8. Goalkeeper- throw

9. Free throw direction:

9. Free throw direction

10. Keep the distance of 3 meters:

10. Keep the distance of 3 meters

11. Passive play:

11. Passive play

12. Goal:

12. Goal

13. Warning (yellow) Disqualification (red):

13. Warning (yellow) Disqualification (red)

14. Suspension ( 2 minutes) Exclusion (2 minutes):

14. Suspension ( 2 minutes) Exclusion (2 minutes)

15. Exclusion Expulsion:

15. Exclusion Expulsion

16. Time-out:

16. Time-out

17. Permission for two persons who are entitled to participate to enter the court during time- out :

17. Permission for two persons who are entitled to participate to enter the court during time- out

18. Forewarning signal for passive play :

18. Forewarning signal for passive play

GROUP 1:

GROUP 1 Comia, Jasmin Estacio, Bannette Lysa Lopez, Miranda, Marky Pingol, Emille Joy Principe, Toni Tricia Santos, charmaine joy Santos, eunica jill Sibayan , quenna liza Supillo , aldrenn patrick