The Industrial Revolution

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The industrial revolution by Esther, Sara, Candela and Oriol from 1st Bat A

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The Industrial Revolution. :

The Industrial Revolution . Esther C. Sara G. Candela L. Oriol R. 1st Bat. A

Index.:

Index . 1.- General situation . 2.- Period . 3.- The begginings in England . 4.- Main sectors. 5.- The growing of the industry . 6.- The capitalism . 7.- Internal factors. 8.- External factors. 9.- Consequences .

1.- General situation.:

1.- General situation . XVIII – XIX centuries . OLD REGIME NEW REGIME POLITIC Autoritarism / absolutism -------------------------------- Parlamentarism Liberalism ECONOMY Agrary economy (trade/ mercantilism ) Liberal capitalism SOCIETY Estates ( privileged / no privileged ) Class society

2.- Period.:

2.- Period . Start in the United Kingdom in 1750. 1750 – 1914 (1st World War ) It had two periods and a big depression . - 1st period : 1750 – 1870. - Big Depression : 1870 – 1900. - 2nd period : 1870 – 1914.

3.- The begginings of the Industrial Revolution in England.:

3.- The begginings of the Industrial Revolution in England . England had some conditions and special factors: - Conditions : -> Increase of agrary production . -> Workmanship abundant. -> Enough capital. - Special factors: -> Trade expansion . -> Techincal innovation . -> New bussiness mentality .

4.- Main sectors.:

4.- Main sectors. Textile industry . Siderurgic industry . The railroad .

5.- The growing of the industry.:

5.- The growing of the industry . It generated two Europes : - Industrialized Europe = advanced . - No industrialized Europe = no advanced .

6.- The capitalism.:

6.- The capitalism . 1st period (1750-1870) Crisis (1870-1873) 2nd period (1873-1914) Familiar origin . Free trade. Adam Smith . 1873: outbreak of the Big Depression . Triggering : overproduction = deflation Consequencies : unemployement and the financial capitalism . 1873 – 1914: 1st world war . New sectors ( electricity and chemistry ) USA and Japan new world power our of Europe. It’s a new economy sistem . I t had two periods and a big crisis.

7.- Internal factors.:

7.- Internal factors. Technology and innovation : - Advancement of the industrial machinery . ~ 1785, Cartwright : loom . ~ Withiney : cotton gin. Increase of the poblation -> increase of the demand . Capital accumulation . Empresarial function .

8.- External factors.:

8.- External factors. The paper of the education -> highest literacy rate . Better hygiene and health . 1720 -> disappearance of the Black Death . Right politic situation . Oliver Cromwell : 1st middle class revolution .

9.- Consequences of the Industrial Revolution.:

9.- Consequences of the Industrial Revolution . Decrease of the craftmanship . Concentration of riches . Developement of new machines and technologies . Trade Union. More contamination . City grouth .

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