PROJECT ON: PROJECT ON NATIONALISM IN INDIA PUNEET KUMAR JAIN ADMINISTRATION MANAGER ICT CYBER CAFÉ , MAYUR VIHAR PH.3, DELHI-96 WHAT IS NATIONALISM: WHAT IS NATIONALISM N ATIONALISM is a term that means different things to different people at different points of time. Trying to pin down the concept can be a daunting task. Add to it a touch of religion and the odds mount up. Nationalism and politics: Nationalism and politics Prime Minister Indira Gandhi led India to victory in 1971 against Pakistan , imposed the Indian Emergency , led it to become a nuclear power state in 1974 and is blamed for the Khalistan insurgency and Operation Bluestar - a controversial blend of nationalism and hard politics. The political identity of the Indian National Congress , India's largest political party and one which controlled government for over 45 years, is reliant on the connection to Mohandas K. Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru , and the Nehru-Gandhi family which has controlled the Congress since independence. The Congress Party's fortunes up till the 1970s were single-handedly propelled by its legacy as the flagship of India's Independence Movement, and the core platform of the party today evokes that past strongly, considering itself to be the guardian of India's freedom, democracy and unity. Muslims have remained loyal voters of the Congress Party, seen as defender of Nehruvian secularism.  In contrast, the Bharatiya Janata Party employs a more aggressively nationalistic expression. The BJP seeks to defend the culture and heritage of India and the majority of its people, the Hindu population. It ties nationalism with the aggressive defence of India's borders and interests against archrivals China and Pakistan , with the defence of the majority's right to be a majority. The Great Uprising and Rise of Nationalism In India (1857-1947) : The Great Uprising and Rise of Nationalism In India (1857-1947) MAHATMA GANDHI - An Interpretation By E. Stanley Jones Published by Abingdon-Cokesbury Press, New York - 1948. Book Extract : FOREWORD : THIS book was not an easy book to write not for me.When the cable came from the publishers in America asking me to write the book, I put it aside as impossible. I never write a book by request.It must come as a result of an inner urge which I cannot put aside. I felt no such inner urge about this. I have believed in and have loved Mahatma Gandhi through the years in spite of differences. I have stood in sympathy with the Mahatma and have expressed that sympathy during the years when to do so was to open one to the charge of being the queer defending the queer, the off-center defending the eccentric. But to try to interpret such a complex character as he was well, it was beyond me and wasn't my task. He was simple and yet very complex amid that simplicity. You thought you knew him, and then you didnt. It was intriguing. There was always something there that eluded your grasp, something that baffled you.And yet out of that many-sidedness which amounted to complexity,there arose simplicity, a unified character, simple and compelling. Could I interpret that? It was like trying to interpret Mount Everest. It is many-sided. It rises in simple grandeur, and yet there are subsidiary peaks,crevices, depths, plateaus, all contributing to the sum total of the grandeur that is Everest. Would I get caught in the secondary things in the Mahatma s character and magnify them and not see the sum total of the grandeur that is Gandhi? Many have done so. There is a book out entitled What Does Gandhi Want?, picking out the inconsistencies in his statements during the years. It is a microscopic examination, thoroughly done, but in the end the real man is lost. After you have looked at him through a microscope, you have to look at him through a telescope to get the total man. For he stands against a background of the ages and must be interpreted with that background to get the full stature and meaning of the man. Nationalism and military conflicts : Nationalism and military conflicts The modern Army of India was raised under the British Raj in the 19th century. Today the Republic of India maintains the world's third largest armed forces with over a million troops strong.  The official defense budget stands at 164,415.19 crore ( US$ 31.24 billion)  but the actual spending on the armed forces is estimated to be much higher.  The army is undergoing rapid expansion and modernization  with plans to have an active military space program,  missile defense shield ,  and nuclear triad capability. IMAGES OF NATIONALISM: IMAGES OF NATIONALISM THANK YOU.: THANK YOU.