تئوری ذهن-theory of mind

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Slide 1:

Theory of mind Soheil shapouri IRICSS

Theory of mind:

Definition Development of ToM Empirical Investigation Brain Mechanism Mental Disorders Theory of mind

Definition of ToM:

Oxford Dictionary of Psychology : People`s intuitive understanding of their own and other people`s minds or mental states, including beliefs and thoughts. Theory of mind= mentalizing =mind reading Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind ? Premack & Woodruff (1978) Definition of ToM

Primate Cognition:

Primate Cognition

Theory of mind Development:

Bartsch & Wellman(1995) Age 2 children have an elementary conception of simple desires, emotions Age 3 talking about belief Age 4 begin to understand that people’s thoughts and beliefs affect their behavior Theory of mind Development

Empirical Investigation:

False-belief tasks Sally-Ann task Reading the Mind in Eyes Responses by Simon Baron-Cohen Empirical Investigation

Sally-Ann task:

Sally-Ann task

Reading the mind in the eyes:

Reading the mind in the eyes Decisive Anticipating Threatening shy

Brain Mechanism:

Brain Mechanism Medial Prefrontal Cortex ( mPFC ) Posterior Superior Temporal Sulcus ( pSTS ) Precuneus and amygdada / temproporal cortex Tempro-Pariental Junction (TPJ) The neural basis of mentalizing Chris D. Frith & Uta Frith (2006)

Mental Disorders:

Autism gross and sustained impairment of social interaction and communication Schizophrenia Bipolar disorder Schizoid personality disorder Mental Disorders

The End:

The case of Temple Grandin The End