The Right to Information Act 2005 : The Right to Information Act 2005 Definitions : Definitions Public Authority
Any authority or body or institution or self government established or constituted –
by or under the Constitution;
by any other law made by Parliament;
by any other law made by State Legislature;
by notification issued or order made by the appropriate Govt., and includes any
i) body owned, controlled or substantially financed
ii) non-Govt. organisation substantially financed,
directly or indirectly by funds provided by the appropriate Govt. Definitions – Contd. : Definitions – Contd. Appropriate Government:
Central Govt. in relation to a public authority which is established, constituted, owned, controlled or substantially financed by funds provided directly or indirectly by the Central Govt. or the Union Territory Administration.
State Govt. in relation to a public authority which is established, constituted, owned, controlled or substantially financed by funds provided directly or indirectly by the State Government. Definitions – Contd. : Definitions – Contd. Competent Authority:
the Speaker in the case of the House of the People or the Legislative assembly of a State or a Union territory having such Assembly and the Chairman in the case of the Council of States or Legislative Council of a State;
the Chief Justice of India in the case of the Supreme Court;
the Chief Justice of the High Court in the case of a High Court;
the President or the Governor, as the case may be in the case of other authorities established or constituted by or under the Constitution;
the Administrator appointed under article 239 of the Constitution. Definitions – Contd. : Definitions – Contd. Central Information Commission
means the Central Information Commission constituted under sub- section (1) of Section 12;
Central Public Information Officer
means the Central Public Information Officer designated under sub- section (1) and includes a Central Assistant Public Information Officer designated as such under sub-section (2) of Section 5;
Chief Information Commissioner & Information Commissioner
mean the Chief Information Commissioner and Information Commissioner appointed under sub-section (3) of Section 12; Definitions – contd. : Definitions – contd. Information
any material in any form, including records, documents, memos, e-mails, opinions, advices, press releases, circulars, orders, logbooks, contracts, reports, papers, samples, models, data material held in any electronic form and information relating to any private body which can be accessed by a public authority under any other law for the time being in force; Definitions – contd. : Definitions – contd. Record includes
any document, manuscript and file;
any microfilm, microfiche and facsimile copy of a document;
any reproduction of image or images embodied in such microfilm (whether enlarged or not); and
any other material produced by a computer or any other device. Definitions – contd. : Definitions – contd. Right to information
the right to information accessible under this Act which is held by or under the control of any public authority and includes the right to –
i) inspection of work, documents, records;
ii) taking notes, extracts or certified copies of documents or records;
iii) taking certified samples of material;
iv) obtaining information in the form of diskettes, floppies, tapes, video cassettes or in any other electronic mode or through printouts where such information is stored in a computer or in any other device; Definitions – contd. : Definitions – contd. third party
means a person other than the citizen making a request for information and includes a public authority.
State Information Commission
State Chief Information Commissioner
State Public Information Officer
Appellate Authority – S.19 S.3: Right to information : S.3: Right to information Subject to the provisions of this Act, all citizens shall have the right to information. S.4: Obligations of Public Authorities : S.4: Obligations of Public Authorities (1) Every Public Authority shall -
maintain all its records duly catalogued and indexed in a manner and the form which facilitates the right to information under this Act and ensure that all records that are appropriate to be computerised are, within a reasonable time and subject to availability of resources, computerised and connected through a network all over the country on different systems so that access to such records is facilitated; S.4: Obligations of Public Authorities : S.4: Obligations of Public Authorities (b) publish within one hundred and twenty days from the enactment of this Act -
i) the particulars of its organisation, functions and duties;
ii) the powers and duties of its officers and employees;
iii) the procedure followed in the decision making process, including channels of supervision and accountability;
iv) the norms set by it for the discharge of its functions; S.4: Obligations of Public Authorities : S.4: Obligations of Public Authorities the rules, regulations, instructions, manuals and records, held by it or under its control or used by its employees for discharging its functions;
vi) a statement of the categories of documents that are held by it or under its control;
vii) the particulars of any arrangement that exists for consultation with, or representation by the members of the public in relation to the formulation of its policy or implementation thereof; S.4: Obligations of Public Authorities : S.4: Obligations of Public Authorities viii) a statement of the boards, councils, committees and other bodies consisting of two or more persons constituted as its part or for the purpose of its advice, and as to whether meetings of those boards, councils, committees are accessible for public;
ix) a directory of its officers and employees; S.4: Obligations of Public Authorities : S.4: Obligations of Public Authorities x) the monthly remuneration received by each of its officers and employees, including the system of compensation as provided in its regulations;
xi) the budget allocated to each of its agency, indicating the particulars of all plans, proposed expenditure and reports on disbursements made; S.4: Obligations of Public Authorities : S.4: Obligations of Public Authorities xii) the manner of execution of subsidy programmes, including the amounts allocated and the details of beneficiaries of such programmes;
particulars of recipients of concessions, permits or authorisations granted by it;
xiv) details in respect of the information, available to or held by it, reduced in an electronic form; S.4: Obligations of Public Authorities : S.4: Obligations of Public Authorities the particulars of facilities available to citizens for obtaining information, including the working hours of a library or reading room, if maintained for public use;
the names, designations and other particulars of the Public Information Officers;
xvii) Such other information as may be prescribed;
and thereafter update these publications every year; S.4: Obligations of Public Authorities : S.4: Obligations of Public Authorities (c) publish all relevant facts while formulating important policies or announcing the decisions which affect public;
(d) provide reasons for its administrative or quasi-judicial decisions to affected persons. S.4: Obligations of Public Authorities : S.4: Obligations of Public Authorities (2) It shall be a constant endeavour of every public authority to take steps in accordance with the requirements of clause (b) of sub-section (1) (publish) to provide as much information suo motu to the public at regular intervals through various means of communication, including internet, so that the public have minimum resort to the use of this Act to obtain information.
(3) Every information shall be disseminated widely and in such form and manner which is easily accessible to the public. S.4: Obligations of Public Authorities – contd. : S.4: Obligations of Public Authorities – contd. (4) All materials shall be disseminated taking into consideration the cost effectiveness, local language and the most effective method of communication in that local area and the information should be easily accessible, to the extent possible in electronic format with the Central Public Information Officer or State Public Information Officer, as the case may be, available free or at such cost of the medium or the print cost price as may be prescribed.
Disseminated means making known or communicated the information to the public through notice boards, newspapers, public announcements, media broadcasts, the internet or any other means, including inspection of offices of any public authority. S.5 Public Information Officers : S.5 Public Information Officers Within 100 days of the enactment, every Public Authority shall designate as many officers as
Central Public Information Officers in all administrative units or offices under it as may be necessary to provide information to persons requesting for the same.
Central Assistant Public Information Officer at each sub-divisional or other sub-district level to receive the application/appeals and to the forward the same to the CPIO/AA. S.5 Public Information Officers : S.5 Public Information Officers CPIO shall deal with requests from persons seeking information and render reasonable assistance to the persons seeking such information. S.6: Request for Obtaining Information : S.6: Request for Obtaining Information A person who desires to obtain any information under this Act, shall make a request in writing or through electronic means in English or Hindi or in the official language of the area in which the application is being made, accompanying such fee as may be prescribed, to the CPIO specifying the particulars of the information sought by him or her. S.6: Request for Obtaining Information : S.6: Request for Obtaining Information An applicant making request for information shall not be required to give any reason for requesting the information or any other personal details except those that may be necessary for contacting him.
If the information requested for is held by another public authority; or the subject matter of which is more closely connected with the functions of another public authority
then, the application or such part of it shall be transferred to that other public authority within five days under intimation to the applicant. S.6: Request for Obtaining Information : S.6: Request for Obtaining Information The CPIO shall render all reasonable assistance to the person making the request orally to reduce the same in writing, if the applicant cannot make the request in writing. S.7 Disposal of request. : S.7 Disposal of request. Central PIO shall, as expeditiously as possible and in any case within thirty days of the receipt of the request, either provide the information or reject the request for any of the reasons specified in Ss.8 & 9.
If the information concerns the life or liberty of a person, the same shall be provided within 48 hours of the receipt of the request.
If the CPIO fails to give decision within the specified period, it shall be deemed to have refused the request. S.7 Disposal of request. : S.7 Disposal of request. Where access to information is to be provided to a disabled person, the CPIO shall provide the assistance to enable access to the information, including providing such assistance as may be appropriate for the inspection.
Where a Public Authority fails to comply with the time limits specified for furnishing information, the information shall be provided free of charge. S.7 Disposal of request : S.7 Disposal of request In cases where the request for information is rejected, the CPIO shall communicate to the person concerned:
the period within which an appeal against such rejection may be preferred, and
The particulars of the appellate authority
the reasons for such rejection S.7 Disposal of request : S.7 Disposal of request (9) Information shall ordinarily be provided in the form in which it is sought unless it would disproportionately divert the resources of the public authority or would be detrimental to the safety or preservation of the record in question. 8. Exemption from disclosure of information. : 8. Exemption from disclosure of information. (1) There shall be no obligation to furnish the following types of information.
Disclosure of which would prejudicially affect the sovereignty and integrity of India, the security, strategic, scientific or economic interests of the State, relation with foreign State or lead to incitement of an offence. 8. Exemption from disclosure of information : 8. Exemption from disclosure of information Which has been expressly forbidden to be published by any court of law or tribunal or the disclosure of which may constitute contempt of court.
The disclosure of which would cause a breach of privilege of Parliament or the State Legislature. 8. Exemption from disclosure of information : 8. Exemption from disclosure of information Information including commercial confidence, trade secrets or intellectual property, the disclosure of which would harm the competitive position of a third party, unless the competent authority is satisfied that larger public interest warrants the disclosure of such information. 8. Exemption from disclosure of information : 8. Exemption from disclosure of information Information available to a person in his fiduciary relationship, unless the competent authority is satisfied that the larger public interest warrants the disclosure of such information;
Information received in confidence from foreign Governments. 8. Exemption from disclosure of information : 8. Exemption from disclosure of information Information, the disclosure of which would endanger the life or physical safety of any person or identify the source of information or assistance given in confidence for law enforcement or security purposes;
Information which would impede the process of investigation or apprehension or prosecution of offenders; 8. Exemption from disclosure of information : 8. Exemption from disclosure of information Cabinet papers including records of deliberations of the Council of Ministers, Secretaries and other Officers.
Provided that the decisions of the Council of Ministers, the reasons thereof, and the material on the basis of which the decisions were taken shall be made public after the decision has been taken, and the matter is complete, or over.
Provided further that those matters which come under the exemptions specified in this section shall not be disclosed; 8. Exemption from disclosure of information : 8. Exemption from disclosure of information Information which relates to personal information, the disclosure of which has no relationship to any public activity or interest, or which would cause unwarranted invasion of the privacy of the individual unless the CPIO or the SPIO or the appellate authority, as the case may be, is satisfied that the larger public interest justifies the disclosure of such information;
Provided that the information which cannot be denied to the Parliament or a State Legislature shall not be denied to any person. 8. Exemption from disclosure of information : 8. Exemption from disclosure of information A public authority may allow access to information, if public interest in disclosure outweighs the harm to the protected interests, notwithstanding anything in the Official Secrets Act, 1923 or any exemptions permissible under Sub-section (1).
Any information relating to any occurrence, event or matter which has taken place, occurred or happened twenty years before the date on which any request is made under section 6 shall be provided to any person making a request- subject to provisions of clauses (a), (c) & (i) of sub-section (1). 9. Grounds for rejection to access in certain cases. : 9. Grounds for rejection to access in certain cases. A CPIO may reject a request for information where such a request for providing access would involve an infringement of copyright subsisting in a person other than the State. 10. Severability : 10. Severability Where access to information is rejected on the ground that it is in relation to information which is exempt from disclosure, then, access may be provided to that part of the record which does not contain any information which is exempt from disclosure and which can reasonably be severed from any part that contains exempt information. 10. Severability : 10. Severability If access is being granted to only part of the record, then the applicant shall be informed of that fact,
the reasons for the decision,
the name and designation of the person giving the decision; 10. Severability : 10. Severability the details of the fees calculated by him/her and the amount of fee which the applicant is required to deposit; and
his or her rights with respect to review of the decision regarding non-disclosure of part of the information; including the particulars of the Appellate Officer or of the Central Information Commission, the time limit, process and any other form of access. 11. Third party information : 11. Third party information (1) Where information/record or part there of which relates to or has been supplied by a third party and has been treated as confidential by that third party, and the CPIO intends to disclose the same, then such third party shall be given notice within five days of the CPIO’s intention to disclose the information and invite the third party to make oral/written submission and such submission of the third party shall be kept in view while taking a decision about disclosure of information. 11. Third party information : 11. Third party information Except in the case of trade or commercial secrets protected by law, disclosure may be allowed if the public interest in disclosure outweighs in importance any possible harm or injury to the interests of such third party.
(2) The third party shall be given 10 days time to make representation against the proposed disclosure.
(3) The CPIO/SPIO shall within forty days after receipt of the request, if the third party has been given an opportunity to make representation, make a decision as to whether or not to disclose the information or record or part thereof and give in writing the notice of his decision to the third party.
(4) The third party shall have a right to appeal against the decision. 12. Central Information Commission. : 12. Central Information Commission. Central Govt. shall constitute a Central Information Commission consisting of Chief Information Commissioner and such number of Central Information Commissioners not exceeding 10.
CIC & ICs shall be appointed by the President on the recommendations of a Committee consisting of the PM, the Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha and a Union Cabinet Minister to be nominated by the PM. 12. Central Information Commission. : 12. Central Information Commission. The general superintendence, direction and management of the affairs of the Central Information Commission shall vest in the CIC
CIC shall be assisted by the ICs
CIC/IC may exercise all such powers and do all such acts and things which may be done by the Commission autonomously without being subjected to directions by any other authority. 12. Central Information Commission. : 12. Central Information Commission. The CIC and ICs shall be persons of eminence in public life with wide knowledge and experience in law, science and technology, social service, management, journalism, mass media or administration and governance.
The CIC or ICs shall not be a MP or MLA or hold any other office of profit or connected with any political party or carrying on any business or pursuing any profession. 13. Terms of Office and conditions of service. : 13. Terms of Office and conditions of service. CIC shall hold office for a term of five years and shall not be eligible for reappointment. Cannot hold office after attaining 65 years of age.
ICs shall hold office for a term of five years or till he attains the age of sixty five years whichever is earlier.
ICs shall not be eligible for reappointment
ICs may be appointed as CIC subject to the condition that his term shall not be more than five years in aggregate as the IC and CIC.
CIC/IC may resign or may be removed. 13. Terms of Office and conditions of service. : 13. Terms of Office and conditions of service. Salaries and allowances payable to and other terms and conditions of the service of CIC shall be same as that of CEC and that of the IC shall be the same as that of an EC.
Salaries, allowances and other conditions of service of the CIC and ICs shall not be varied to their disadvantage after their appointment.
Central Govt. shall provide the CIC and ICs with such officers and employees as may be necessary for the efficient performance of their functions 14. Removal of CIC/ICs : 14. Removal of CIC/ICs CIC/ICs shall be removed from office only by order of the President on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity after the Supreme Court on a reference made to it by the President, has on inquiry, reported that the CIC/IC be ought on such ground be removed.
President may suspend from office and if deem necessary prohibit also from attending the office during inquiry, the CIC/IC in respect of whom a reference has been made to the SC until the President has passed orders on receipt of the report of the SC on such reference. 14. Removal of CIC/ICs : 14. Removal of CIC/ICs President may by order remove from office the CIC/IC if the CIC/IC
a) Is adjudged an insolvent; or
b) Has been convicted of an offence which, in the opinion of the President involving moral turpitude; or
c) Engages during his term of office in any paid employment outside the duties of his office; or 14. Removal of CIC/ICs : 14. Removal of CIC/ICs d) is, in the opinion of the President, unfit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of mind or body; or
e) Has acquired such financial or other interest as is likely to affect prejudicially his functions as the CIC/IC. 18. Powers & functions of Information Commissions : 18. Powers & functions of Information Commissions Receive and inquire into complaints from any person –
Who has been unable to submit a request to a CPIO/SPIO either due to
(a) their non-appointment or
(b) their refusal to accept the application for information or appeal for forwarding the same to the Appellate Authority or to the CIC/SIC;
Who has been refused access to any information requested; 18. Powers & functions of Information Commissions : 18. Powers & functions of Information Commissions Who has not been given a response to a request for information or access to information within the time limit specified;
Who has been required to pay an amount of fee which he or she considers unreasonable
Who believes that he or she has been given incomplete, misleading or false information
In respect of any other matter relating to requesting or obtaining access to records. 18. Powers & functions of Information Commission : 18. Powers & functions of Information Commission (2) The Information Commission may initiate an inquiry into the complaint if it is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds to inquire into the matter. 18. Powers & functions of Information Commission : 18. Powers & functions of Information Commission (3) The Information Commission shall, while inquiring into complaints, have the same powers as are vested in a civil court while trying a suit under the Code of Civil Procedure 1908 in respect of the following:
Summoning and enforcing the attendance of persons and compelling them to give oral or written evidence on oath and to produce the documents or things;
Requiring discovery and inspection of documents;
Receiving evidence on affidavit;
Requisitioning any public record or copies thereof from any court or office;
Issuing summons for examination of witnesses or documents; and
Any other matter which may be prescribed. 18. Powers & functions of Information Commissions : 18. Powers & functions of Information Commissions (4)Notwithstanding anything inconsistent contained in any other Act of Parliament or State Legislature, the CIC/SIC may during the inquiry of any complaint under this Act, examine any record to which this Act applies which is under the control of the public authority, and no such record may be withheld from it on any grounds. 19. Appeal : 19. Appeal Any person who does not receive a decision within the specified time or is aggrieved by a decision of the CPIO
Can prefer an appeal within 30 days to such officer who is senior in rank to the CPIO, in each Public Authority.
Appeal may be entertained after 30 days if the officer is satisfied that the appellant was prevented by sufficient cause from filing the appeal in time.
A second appeal shall lie to the CIC. To be preferred within 90 days from the date on which the decision should have been made or was actually received.
CIC may accept delayed appeals if it is satisfied that the appellant was prevented by sufficient cause from filing the appeal in time. 19. Appeal (contd.) : 19. Appeal (contd.) If the decision appealed against relates to information of a third party, reasonable opportunity shall be given of being heard to the thirty party.
In the appeal proceedings, the onus to prove that a denial of a request was justified shall be on the CPIO who denied the request.
An appeal shall be disposed of within 30 days of the receipt of the appeal or within such extended period not exceeding a total of 45 days from the date of filing thereof, for reasons to be recorded in writing.
The decision of the CIC shall be binding. 19. Appeal (contd.) : 19. Appeal (contd.) (8) In its decision, the CIC has the power to:
Require the public authority to take any such steps as may be necessary to secure compliance with the provisions of this Act, including –
By providing access to information, if so requested, in a particular form;
By appointing a CPIO
By publishing certain information or categories of information;
By making necessary changes to its practices in relation to the maintenance, management and destruction of records
By enhancing the provision of training on the right to information for its officials
By providing it with an annual report in compliance with the requirement regarding publication of information as required under S.4(1)(b). (Publication of various details) 19. Appeal (contd.) : 19. Appeal (contd.) b) Require the public authority to compensate the complainant for any loss or other detriment suffered;
c) Impose any of penalties provided under this Act
d) Reject the application.
9) The CIC shall give notice of its decision, including any right of appeal, to the complainant and the public authority.
10) The CIC shall decide the appeal in accordance with such procedure as may be prescribed. 20. Penalties : 20. Penalties CIC can impose a penalty of Rs.250 per day on CPIO for:
Refusal to receive an application without any reasonable cause or for not furnishing the information within the specified time; or
Malafidely denied the request for information
Knowingly given incorrect, incomplete or misleading information
Destroyed information which was the subject of the request or obstructed in any manner in furnishing the information
Total amount of the penalty shall not exceed Rs.25,000/-
Reasonable opportunity of being heard to be given before any penalty is imposed.
Burden of proving that he acted reasonably and diligently shall be on the CPIO 20. Penalties : 20. Penalties CIC shall recommend disciplinary action against the CPIO under the service rules applicable to him if it is of the opinion that the CPIO has without any reasonable cause and persistently, failed to receive an application for information or has not furnished information within the time specified or malafidely denied the request for information or knowingly given incorrect incomplete or misleading information or destroyed information which was the subject of the request or obstructed in any manner in furnishing the information. 22. Act to have overriding effect. : 22. Act to have overriding effect. The provisions of this Act shall have effect, notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in the Official Secrets Act 1923 and any other law for the time being in force or or in any instrument having effect by virtue of any law other than this Act. 23. Bar of jurisdiction of courts. : 23. Bar of jurisdiction of courts. No court shall entertain any suit, application or other proceeding in respect of any order made under this Act and no such order shall be called in question otherwise than by way of an appeal under this Act. 24. Act not to apply to certain organisations. : 24. Act not to apply to certain organisations. Nothing contained in this Act shall apply to the intelligence and security organisations specified in the Second Schedule, being organisations established by the Central Govt. or any information furnished by such organisations to that Govt.
Information pertaining to allegations of corruption and human right violations shall not be excluded.
If the information sought is in respect of allegations of violation of human rights the information shall only be provided after the approval of the CIC and such information shall be provided within 45 days from the date of the receipt of the request. THE SECOND SCHEDULEIntelligence & Security organisation established by the Central Govt. : THE SECOND SCHEDULEIntelligence & Security organisation established by the Central Govt. 1) Intelligence Bureau
2) Research & Analysis Wing of the Cabinet Secretariat.
3) Directorate of Revenue Intelligence.
4) Central Economic Intelligence Bureau
5) Directorate of Enforcement
Narcotics Control Bureau
Aviation Research Centre
Special Frontier Force
9) Border Security Force
10) Central Reserve Police Force
11) Indo Tibetan Border Police
12) Central Industrial Security Force
13) National Security Guards
14) Assam Rifles.
15) Special Service Bureau
16) Special Branch (CID), Andaman & Nicobar
17) The Crime Branch- C.I.D.- CB, Dadra & Nagar Haveli.
18) Special Branch, Lakshadweep Police. 25. Monitoring and reporting : 25. Monitoring and reporting The CIC shall as soon as practicable after the end of each year, prepare report on the implementation of the provisions of this Act during that year and forward a copy thereof to the Appropriate Govt.
Each Ministry/Deptt. shall in relation to the public authorities within their jurisdiction collect and provide such information to the CIC/SIC as is required to prepare the report and comply with the requirements concerning the furnishing of that information and keeping of records for the purpose. 25. Monitoring and reporting : 25. Monitoring and reporting 3) Each report shall state in respect of the year to which the report relates, -
The number of requests made to each public authority;
The number of decisions where applicants were not entitled to access to the documents pursuant to the requests, the provisions of this Act under which these decisions were made and the number of times such provisions were invoked;
The number of appeals referred to the CIC for review, the nature of the appeals and the outcome of the appeals;
Particulars of any disciplinary action taken against any officer in respect of the administration of this Act. 25. Monitoring and reporting : 25. Monitoring and reporting Any facts which indicate an effort by the public authorities to administer and implement the spirit and intention of this Act.
Recommendations for reform, including recommendations in respect of the particular public authorities, for the development, improvement, modernisation, reform or amendment to this Act or other legislation or common law or any other matter relevant for operationalising the right to access information.
The amount of charges collected by each public authority under this Act. 25. Monitoring and reporting : 25. Monitoring and reporting 4) The Govt. may, as soon as practicable after the end of each year, cause a copy of the report of the CIC to be laid before each House of Parliament.
5) If it appears to the CIC/SIC that the practice of a public authority in relation to the exercise of its functions under this Act does not conform with the provisions or spirit of this Act, it may give to the authority a recommendation specifying the steps which ought in its opinion to be taken for promoting such conformity. 26. Appropriate Govt. to prepare programmes. : 26. Appropriate Govt. to prepare programmes. Appropriate Government to:
Develop and organise education programmes to advance the understanding of the public, in particular the disadvantaged communities as to how to exercise the rights.
Encourage public authorities to participate in the development and organisation of such programmes
Promote timely and effective dissemination of accurate information by public authorities about their activities.
Train CPIOs of public authorities
Produce relevant training materials for use by the public authorities themselves. 26. Appropriate Govt. to prepare programmes. : 26. Appropriate Govt. to prepare programmes. Compile a guide containing information on the following:
Objects of the Act
Directory of CPIO/SPIO appointed by various public authorities
Manner and the form in which request for access to information shall be made
Assistance available from and the duties of the CPIO/SPIO
Assistance available from the CIO/SIO
Provisions providing for voluntary disclosure of categories of records
Notices regarding fees to be paid in relation to requests for access to an information and
Any additional regulations or circulars made or issued in relation to obtaining access to an information.
The guidelines shall be updated at regular intervels 27. Power to make rules by appropriate Govt. : 27. Power to make rules by appropriate Govt. Appropriate Govt. may make rules to carry out the provisions of this Act.
Such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters:
The cost of the medium or print cost price of the materials to be disseminated under sub section (4) of section 4;
The fee payable under sub-section (1) of section 6;
The fee payable under sub-section (1) & (5) of Section 7;
The salaries and allowances payable to and the terms and conditions of service of the officers and other employees of the CIC/SIC.
Procedure to be adopted by the CIC in deciding the appeals
Any other matter which is required to be, or may be, prescribed. 28. Power to make rules by the Competent Authority. : 28. Power to make rules by the Competent Authority. The Competent Authority may make rules to carry out the provisions of this Act. The rules may provide for all or any of the following matters;
The cost of the medium or print cost price of the materials to be disseminated under sub-section (4) of Section 4.
The fee payable under sub section (1) of Section 6
The fee payable under sub-section (1) of section 7
Any other matter which is required to be, or may be, prescribed. 29. Laying of Rules : 29. Laying of Rules Rules made by Central Govt. to be laid before each House of Parliament, while it is in session for a total period of 30 days (in one session or two or more successive sessions)
Rules may be modified or annulled by the Parliament.
Thereafter the rule shall have effect only in the modified form or no effect.
Modification/annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule. 30. Power to remove difficulties. : 30. Power to remove difficulties. If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, the Central Govt. may, by order published in the Official Gazette, make such provisions not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act as appear to it to be necessary or expedient for removal of the difficulty.
Provided that no such order shall be made after the expiry of a period of two years from the date of the commencement of this Act.
2) Every order made under this section shall, as soon as may be after it is made, be laid before each House of Parliament.