Slide 1: CULTURE
SOCIETY Slide 2: DEFINITIONS
CULTURE EDWARD B. TAYLOR : EDWARD B. TAYLOR “ That complex whole which includes knowledge, beliefs, art, law, morals, customs, and other capabilities acquired by man as a member of a society.” PERSELL : PERSELL “ All the socially learned behaviors, beliefs, feelings and values the member of a group or a society experience.” HORTON and HUNT : HORTON and HUNT “ Is an elaborate system of … standardized expected ways of feeling and acting which the member of the society generally acknowledge and generally follow”. BRINKERSHOFF : BRINKERSHOFF “ Culture is the total way of life shared by members of the society. It includes material products as well as patterned, repetitive ways of thinking, feeling and acting”. Language : Language It is the most important and essential to human development.
Consist of spoken or written symbols
Enables us to share with others our ideas, thoughts, fears, desires, and experiences.
Means by which symbols are created and transmitted. Slide 8: SOCIOBIOLOGY- focuses on the biological and evolutionary bases of human behavior.
SOCIOLOGISTS- believe that some human behavior have evolved from man’s biological nature Slide 9: SYMBOLS
CONTROL FOLKWAYS and
MORES LANGUAGE : LANGUAGE It is important in the development, growth, accumulation, and transmission of culture because it enables man to communicate in time and space Slide 11: NORMS -Shared rules about acceptable and unacceptable social behavior, - Usually occur in the form of things that people ought to or not ought to do Slide 12: VALUES Absolute standards of what society considers proper and good. Slide 13: FOLKWAYS Customary ways of behaving which usually have no particular moral significance Slide 14: CUSTOMS Types of behavior which have become habitual and repetitive to a number of individuals or a group. Slide 15: MORES Result of long- established customs LAWS Group of expectation which has the formal sanction of the state. CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTURE : CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTURE Culture is learned.
All people have varied culture.
Culture is a group product.
Culture is transmitted from generation to generation.
Culture is adaptive. Slide 17: SUBCULTURE The culture developed by a smaller group of people within the bigger group and included in the context of a larger society. Slide 18: CULTURAL RELAVITISM Views culture as the result of people’s attempt to find solution to the task of survival and the belief that their culture is such because it is the best under their particular environment and circumstances. Slide 19: ETHNOCENTRISM - Extreme feeling or belief that their culture is superior to all others, - has an important essential function in a society - It develops nationalism and love of country.