The Art of Exam Preperation

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Slide 1:

The Art of Exam Preparation Suresh P. Nair [AIE, ME, (PhD)] MIEEE Professor & Head Department of Electronics and Commn. Engg. Royal College of Engineering and Technology Chiramanangad PO, Akkikkavu, Thrissur, Kerala, India

Common Test Taking Errors :

Common Test Taking Errors Did not follow directions for test. Did not calculate how much time to spend on each question in order to have time to complete all of them. Did not read questions carefully. Did not go back and check over answers. Accidentally marked the wrong item (Objective type) Could not recall information 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 2

Common Test Taking Errors :

Common Test Taking Errors Did not understand a question. Wrote lots of words but did not answer the question. Answer was disorganized. Handwriting was illegible. Did not support points with evidence, facts, statistics or proof. Did not know the subject matter very well. 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 3

Needs:

Needs Goal Setting Quality of Knowledge Know your Learning Style Writing Skill Attitude Building The 7 Habits Stress Management Emotional Quotient Change Management 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 4

Goal Setting:

Goal Setting 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 5

Goal Setting:

Goal Setting Determine what kind of test it is Choose an appropriate study method for each test Begin studying early Time Management is key 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 6

Assess time: :

Assess time: How much time is given to complete the test? How much time you need to answer all the questions on the test? Which questions are most time consuming? Watch the time. Which questions are worth the most points? 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 7

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18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 8 Test Preparation is not a One-Time Event. It is a Continual Process! Keep in Mind:

What are Objective Tests? :

What are Objective Tests? The word “objective” refers to the scoring and indicates that there is only one correct answer. Objective test include: – True-false – Fill-in-the-blank – Matching – Multiple choice 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 9

Multiple Choice :

Multiple Choice If question is long/complex underline the subject and verb to help you. Read all answer options, saying “probable” or “not probable” before making a decision. If a question is in the negative, look for all true answers and one remaining false answer will be the correct one. 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 10

Short Answers & Essays:

Short Answers & Essays Analyse the question l m What is the question about ? What is the question asking me to do ? (topic and specific focus) Make sure you ANSWER THE QUESTION Typical instructions: Define / Describe / Outline / What are … ( the main functions of; the roles of a …; the stages in . . . )? Explain the characteristics of … / Explain how …/ Explain why …. Compare and contrast ( roles, systems etc )? Explain the difference between … What are some of the reasons for . . . ? Why …? Why are … important?

Short Answers & Essays:

Short Answers & Essays Set your answer out clearly in paragraphs: First sentence: start answering the question … introduce the main points of your answer. Define concepts (if necessary) Elaborate / Explain (what, how, why …) Give examples to illustrate the concepts or your points - possibly include a diagram Conclude and reinforce your final answer to the question Language and style: Complete sentences Formal language – no abbreviations, short forms, slang, techspeak Correct technical language Try to use your own words

Looking at Past Papers:

Looking at Past Papers Past papers help with: Content of exam – topics covered Format of exam – types of questions Essay Multi-choice Short answer Timing in the exam – how many questions 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 13

Quality of Knowledge:

Quality of Knowledge 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 14

Quality of Knowledge:

Quality of Knowledge Value of Knowledge Conceptual Learning Importance of basics 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 15

Organize Course Material:

Organize Course Material Divide your work into exam topics 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 16

Focus on understanding NOT memorising:

Focus on understanding NOT memorising

Read for understanding:

Read for understanding Read Once Skimming for a general overview Read Second Time Summarize into key concepts Read Third Time Summarize down to key words 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 18

WRITING SKILL:

WRITING SKILL

BASICS OF WRITING :

BASICS OF WRITING Decide on your topic. Prepare an outline or diagram of your ideas. Write your answer statements.

HOW IS A PARAGRAPH STRUCTURED?:

HOW IS A PARAGRAPH STRUCTURED? Topic Sentence: This is the first sentence and it expresses the main idea. Supporting Sentences details that expand your main idea. Concluding Sentence: a rounding off, possibly by summarizing what has been said.

REQUIREMENTS OF A GOOD WRITER:

REQUIREMENTS OF A GOOD WRITER Establish the AIM Consider the READER Devise the STRUCTURE DRAFT the text EDIT and REVISE

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Know your learning style

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Learners Listeners Movers Lookers Auditory People Kinesthetic People Visual People

AUDITORY:

AUDITORY

kinesthetic:

kinesthetic

visual:

visual

Attitude Building:

Attitude Building

Slide 29:

Q. Who is your favorite teacher?

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Knowledge Skill Attitude Most Important So work more on ATTITUDE development Attitude is a key factor in effectiveness

What is Attitude ? :

What is Attitude ? It is an outward expression (through body gestures) of our state of mind. It is a mirror of the mind. It reflects our thinking.

Slide 36:

The world is your mirror

THE ICEBERG:

THE ICEBERG HOW MUCH DO YOU SEE OF AN ICEBERG? 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 37

THE ICEBERG:

THE ICEBERG ONLY 10% OF ANY ICEBERG IS VISIBLE. THE REMAINING 90% IS BELOW SEA LEVEL. 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 38

THE ICEBERG:

THE ICEBERG SEA LEVEL 10 % 90 % VISIBLE ABOVE SEA LEVEL INVISIBLE BELOW SEA LEVEL

THE ICEBERG:

THE ICEBERG SEA LEVEL KNOWLEDGE & SKILLS ATTITUDE UNKNOWN TO OTHERS KNOWN TO OTHERS

THE ICEBERG:

THE ICEBERG SEA LEVEL BEHAVIOR VALUES – STANDARDS – JUDGMENTS ATTITUDE MOTIVES – ETHICS - BELIEFS KNOWN TO OTHERS UNKNOWN TO OTHERS IMPACT

Positive Attitude Quotes:

Positive Attitude Quotes If you don’t like something, change it. If you can’t change it, change your attitude. Don’t complain. The most significant change in a person’s life is a change of attitude. Right attitudes produce right actions. If you really want to be happy, nobody can stop you. 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 42

Positive Attitude Quotes:

Positive Attitude Quotes Whether a glass if half-full or half-empty, depends on the attitude of the person looking at it. You will only go as far as you think you can go. The biggest mistake of all is to avoid situations in which you might make a mistake . Attitude, not aptitude, determines your altitude. No man fails if he does his best. 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 43

Slide 44:

44 YOU ARE YOUR ........ THOUGHTS BE AWARE OF . . . & BE CAREFUL ABOUT . . .

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The habits of highly effective people 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 45

Slide 46:

“ You are respons-able: able to choose your respons!” Habit 1: Be proactive

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18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 47

Slide 48:

You can choose your language Reactive I must If only They made me If I had Proactive I prefer I will I choose I can be

Slide 49:

Habit 2: Begin with the end in mind “Battles are won first in the minds before they are won in the battlefield.” ..

Who has a life that is governed by the clock?:

Who has a life that is governed by the clock? Work deadlines Study commitments Exams & assignments Time with friends Family time Boy friend / girl friend Exercising Relaxing Health appointments Hobbies Interests Sporting Team Member

Life Can Be Busy! How we manage our time can make the difference between effectiveness and stressfulness. :

Life Can Be Busy! How we manage our time can make the difference between effectiveness and stressfulness.

Slide 52:

Habit 3: Put first things first It’s almost impossible to say NO to the non important matters, if you don’t have a bigger YES burning inside

Slide 53:

“Things which matter most should never be at the mercy of things which matter least” Goethe

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. Crisis . Pressing problems . Deadline-driven projects, meetings, preparations . Preparation . Prevention . Values clarification . Planning . Relationship building . True re-creation . Empowerment . Interruptions, some phone calls . Some mail, some reports . Some meetings . Many proximate, pressing matters . Many popular activities . Trivia, busywork . Some phone calls . Time wasters . “Escape” activities . Irrelevant mail . Excessive TV I II III IV Urgent Not Urgent Important Not Important The Procrastinator Results : Stress Burnout Crisis management Always putting out fires The Yes-man Results : Short-term focus Crisis management See goals and plans as worthless The Slacker Results : Total irresponsibility Fired from jobs Dependent on others The Effective Man Results : Vision, perspective Balanced Discipline Control

Slide 55:

What is the lesson? 1 Identify big rocks (q2). 2 Schedule these FIRST! 3 Surround with other. 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 55

Slide 56:

Habit 4: Think Win/win

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Lose/Win High Low Win/Win Lose/Lose Win/Lose CONSIDERATION Low High COURAGE

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Habit 5: Seek first to understand, then to be understood

Slide 59:

‘Walk a mile in others’ shoes before you say ‘no’ to their request for new shoes.’

Slide 60:

Habit 6: Synergize “The whole is greater than the sum of its parts”

Enthusiasm:

Are there 12 or 13 people ? Enthusiasm 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 61

Slide 62:

Habit 7: Sharpen the Saw

What is Stress?:

What is Stress? Stress is a psychological and physiological response to events that upset our personal balance in some way. Stress affects the psychological, biological, physical and social functioning of a person. Stress is not in our environment, but it is what we perceive in our mind and body . 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 63

DEFINITION:

DEFINITION S = P > R Stress occurs when the pressure is greater than the resource

EQ:

EQ

Exercise:

Exercise 1000 40 1000 30 1000 20 1000 + 10 Chance for making mistakes at IMPORTANT DECISION STAGES 66 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair

IQ v/s EQ (Intelligence Quotient v/s Emotional Quotient):

IQ v/s EQ (Intelligence Quotient v/s Emotional Quotient) The research shows that IQ can help you to be successful to the extent of 20 percent only in life. The rest of 80 percent success depends on your EQ 80% EQ 20% IQ 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 67

The Problem With Dodging Bullets:

You’re going to get hit! The Problem With Dodging Bullets 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 68

Slide 69:

Wear Bulletproof Armor 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 69

Bulletproof Armor Comes from :

Bulletproof Armor Comes from SELF CHANGE 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 70

The beautiful ‘dew’ drops:

The beautiful ‘ dew ’ drops D ream BIG – Our dreams limit our achievements E njoy Life – Have fun in every activity W ork Hard – To create history Any two out of these three is not an option 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 71

Passing exams is a skill:

Passing exams is a skill Like all skills it requires practice… practice… and more practice ! 18 August 2011 Suresh P. Nair 72

Slide 73:

Intellectual Skills Writing Skills Soft Skills Effective Performance In Exams

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THANK YOU for your patient listening ALL THE BEST For the Exams

Slide 75:

Suresh P. Nair Professor & Head, ECE Department Royal College of Engg. & Tech. Thrissur Email: psureshvenugopal@gmail.com Contact No: 9895928056

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