disaster management

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Disaster management

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INDEX Disaster management(intro) What is disaster management? The phases of disaster management What is disaster and types of disasters What is hazards? community planning for disaster management Tips for safety in school and homes

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DISASTER MANAGEMENT (INTRO) disaster management refers to set of activities that helps us To protect ourselves from the harmful effects of a disasters, Respond efficiently and to a disaster. You may now be able to Understand following things :- The difference between a hazard and a disaster. Various kinds of disasters. The importance of being prepared to face disasters. How to protect yourselves from earthquakes, cyclones, floods, drought and some manmade disasters through Simple do’s and don’ts.

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What is disaster management ? disaster management covers the range of activities designed to maintain. Control over disasters/emergency situations And to provide a framework for helping for helping people To avoid, reduce the effects of, recover from impact of a disaster. These activities may be related to preparedness, Mitigation, emergency response, relief and recovery and May be conducted before, during or after a disaster. There Are different phases of disaster management. The different phases of disaster management are :-

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THE PHASES OF disaster MANAGEMET

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What is a disaster? A disaster is a natural or human induced, is an event which result in widespread human loss. it is accompanied by loss of livelihood, property causing suffering and loss in a definite area. Some of common features that normally seen in area are affected by disaster are :- Disruption in the normal functioning of the society, thereby affecting a large number of people. Large scale loss to life, property , livelihood thereby affecting the community which requires external aid to cope up with the losses. A big blow to country economy.

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Type of disasters Slow onset disasters:- A disaster that prevails for many days , months or year like drought, environmental degradation, pest infestation, famine are some example of slow onset disaster. 2. Rapid onset disasters:- A disaster that is triggered by an instantaneous shock. The Impact of disaster be short- lived long term . Earthquake , cyclone, flash flood, volcanic eruption are some example of rapid onset disasters Natural disasters :- A natural disaster is an event that is caused that is caused by natural hazard and leads to human, material, economic and Environmental losses , which exceed the ability of those affected to cope.

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4. Human induced disasters:- A serious disruption of normal life triggered by a human induced hazard causing human , material , economic and environmental losses , which exceed the ability of those affected by cope. When does a HAZARD lead to a disaster ? A disaster occurs when impact of a hazard on a section of society is such that the people are unable to cope up with the event causing death, injury, loss of property and/or Economic losses .

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What is hazard ? Hazard is a dangerous event, natural or human Induced that could cause injury , loss of life or damage to property, livelihood or environment. A hazard could be natural like earthquake , tsunami , Volcanic eruption etc. some of the hazard like floods , landsides, droughts etc are socio- natural hazards since their causes are both natural and human induced. For example ; flooding in an area can take place because of excessive rain because of lack of proper drainage facility which is because of human negligence. Some of the hazards are industrial accidents, Rail road etc…

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WORLD DISTRIBUTION OF disaster TRIGGERED BY NATURAL HARZARDS

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Community planning for disaster management :- Read the story….. The southern coast of India was hit by giant tsunami waves on 26 th December 2004. the poorest and the Most undeserved, who where mainly from the fishing Community, had to bear to brunt. But the people of Samiyarpettai, a small village in tamilnadu, India were one of those blessed communities who were saved The villagers closed samiyarpettai had five times Higher death toll, but how was it possible to save So many lives in samiyarpettai?

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The short story mentioned above clearly reflects the importance and the need of community planning for any hazard that is likely to occur in a area. During and immediately after a disaster, it is most often the neighbors or people of the community who respond first. They are normally the first responders before the affected people can seek any support from the local authorities or any non governmental organizations The government of India have strongly advocates the buildings of community capacities in various aspects of disaster response, urges communities to develop disaster plans etc.. The students, teachers as educated members of the society play a crucial role in guiding the communities to reduce disaster risk.

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Why should the community at the heart of any Disaster management initiative? First responder : since the community is at site of the disaster. It is first one to respond it. Source of maximum information : when a disaster occurs in an area, no one will have better or more comprehensive and up to date information on the people living there and its resources than the inhabitants of the areas. Local copying mechanisms: most disaster are recurrent; hence there is always a traditionally established coping mechanism that is handled down over generations. This would ideally be the most immediate response measure for the local environment through it could be improved technical backing.

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Tips for safety at schools and homes Read this story… The china earthquake which killed more than 900 students of a high school on 12 th may 2008 also reminds us of the importance of having safe schools both structural and non-structural. Many precious lives could have been saved had the teachers and students carried out regular mock drills and had a school disaster management plan in place. Another incident that reflects the vulnerability of children in schools is the kumbakonam fire tragedy that occurred in lord Krishna school on 16 th July, 2004 in tamilnadu killing 93 students all below

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The age of 11 years. The impact of this accident could have been reduced to a considerable extended had the administration, teachers and students been better trained prior to the incident. The administration could have looked into the location of the kitchen in the school, placement of fire extinguishers/ sand buckets, preparation of fire evacuation plan in the school and generating awareness regarding fire safety amongst teachers and students etc.. Had students and teachers been properly sensitized, the precious lives of the 93 young students could have been saved by evacuating them to the safe places.

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Components of a school disasters management plan Sensation and awareness amongst teacher and school management : before preparing the school disaster Management plan, there is a need to carry out a sensitization programme with the key people like principal, vice-principal the school management and Administrative staff, teachers and head students so that the need and importance of the plan is felt by everybody. formation of the disaster management committee: the members of this committee will have the overall responsibility in guiding and developing the plan for

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The school and also carrying out regular mocks drills in school. This committee should be chaired preferably by the principal of the school and the members should include other active members of the school like teacher, head boys/girls, local administration, representatives from health department, NGOs, civil defense, market trader association, some volunteers from (NCC, NSS and Nehru yuva kendra sangathan. etc). Hazard identification and assessment: it is important that the school know the hazards that they are prone to. Schools should identify the structural hazards that they are likely to be affected with as well as non structural hazards location of cupboards,trophies .

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Inventory of resources- human and material :human and material resources play a very important role in effectively responding to a disasters. The resources available in school should be tapped and listen out mentioning their location and contact detail. Human resources include people trained in firstaid . Search and rescue, fire fighting. Teachers and administrative staff and senior students be trained in these fields. Mapping : a mapping exercise needs to be carried out as this would help the younger students and other staff members to be aware of the exist routes and location of the resource. There are three kinds of maps to cater to different requirements.

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Social map Resource map Vulnerability map Formation and training of disaster management teams(DMTs) awareness generation team: the members of this group should be creative and have an inclination for art and culture. This team have to generate awareness on the various hazards that our school is prone too in pre, during and post disaster scenario. The group can use print and electronic media for generating awareness. Posters and folk songs and dance, films etc can be used in school.

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Warning and information dissemination team: the school can have a school control room and students from class Vlll to Xll can man the control room. Students trained in the operation of VHF sets or members of ham club shall be a part of this team. The school need to have sirens, bells, flags,computer and internet, VHF/ham sets etc for smooth function. First aid team: this team will be responsible for providing first aid in case of any casualty in the school. Since this is a skilled task to be carried out in the case of emergency, there is a need to provide them training. Training on this can be provided by civil defense, fire service, ST.

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This project is done by : palash Mehta Of class :9b Roll no:21 Is been submitted to vani miss