Category: Education

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Safety & Ergonomics is important for operation Management


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What are hazards ?:

What are hazards ? A hazard is anything that can injure, hurt, cut, crush or cause pain



Identify The hazards…:

Identify The hazards…

And the hazards are…:

And the hazards are… Risk  is the potential of loss resulting from a given action, activity and/or inaction. A situation involving exposure to danger


RISK ASSESMENT The method by which firms evaluate potential losses and take action to reduce or eliminate such threats. Risk control is a technique that utilizes findings from risk assessments .

Controlling risk???:

Controlling risk???


What is RISK MANAGEMENT??? Risk Management is the name given to a logical and systematic method of identifying, analyzing, treating and monitoring the risks involved in any activity or process. .


RISK ASSESMENT What is the acceptable limit of Risk? This is generally determined by what is prepared to be lost balanced against possible gains . Risk – Control = Exposure Frequency * Severity = Risk

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RISK ASSESSMENT TABLE Almost Certain Likely Possible Unlikely Very Unlikely Catastrophic Injury Very High Very High High High Medium Major Injury Very High High High Medium Medium Moderate Injury High High High Medium Low Minor Injury High Medium Medium Low Low Negligible Injury High Medium Medium Low Low

How to manage RISK ???:

How to manage RISK ???

Common Forklift Hazards:

Common Forklift Hazards overloading unsafe stacking speeding raising forks untrained forklift operators lifting of persons on the forks observations in path e.g. blind corners poor ground conditions e.g. slippery , uneven tires in bad conditions e.g. without thread markings

Safety and checks prior to operation:

Safety and checks prior to operation Controls (Turn Truck On ) Unusual Noises Must Be Investigated Immediately. Accelerator Linkage - Functioning Smoothly Service Brake - Functioning Smoothly Parking Brake - Functioning Smoothly Steering Operation - Functioning Smoothly Drive Control - Forward / Reverse - Functioning Smoothly Tilt Control - Forward and Back - Functioning Smoothly Hoist and Lowering Control - Functioning Smoothly Attachment Control - Operation Horn and Lights- Functioning Gauges: Dash display- Functioning, piano switch - Functioning

Forklift inspection guidelines:

Forklift inspection guidelines

Forklift guidelines continued..:

Forklift guidelines continued..

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Forklift Safety: Pedestrian Traffic Look Listen Be visible Keep your distance No rides Use PPE No horseplay

Manual Pallet Jacks:

Manual Pallet Jacks Inspect pallets Stabilize load Watch your back Keep load under control No horseplay ! © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1012

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Safe Hand Truck Operation Keep a good grip Watch fingers Push, don’t pull Lift safely Maintain proper control

Stable Pallet Loads:

Stable Pallet Loads Stabilize Keep low to the ground Take damaged pallets out of service Do not use as scaffolding

Safe Stacking:

Safe Stacking Heavy items on bottom Big loads under small loads Even stacks Nothing sticking out; clear aisles

Handling Drums Safely:

Use the right lifting tool Forklift attachments are available Pallets may be used Stack safely Keep incompatibles apart Handling Drums Safely

Slips and Trips:

Slips and Trips Wrapping Straps Cords/hoses Boxes/pallets Spills

Falls from Elevation:

Falls from Elevation Ladders Stairs Shelves/racks/stacks Man lifts


Housekeeping Good housekeeping is good for safety. © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1012

Personal Protective Equipment:

Personal Protective Equipment Hard hat Eye protection Hearing protection Dusk mask Work gloves Safety shoes Cold weather gear © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1012

Emergency Equipment:

Emergency Equipment Sprinklers Fire extinguishers Evacuation routes Electrical panels First-aid supplies Alarms and phones Don’t keep any material in front of the emergency equipment.

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Risk Control Program Visitor Orientation Emergency Response Plan – Evacuation Plan Confined Space entry Lock out energy control Contractor Safety Fall Hazard Control Plant Vehicle Safety Skill Trade Focus Ergonomics Environmental Culture Hazardous Material Hearing/Noise Conservation

Some of the practices for Risk Control :

Some of the practices for Risk Control Safe operating Practices Health & safety review Board Incident Investigation Safety observation Tour Employee safety Concern

Check sheets used for risk control:

Check sheets used for risk control

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Employee Safety Concern Form Report No. ESCF / SAF / _____/______ Date: ______________ Name of Employee: Employee Number: Department/ Group/Team: Detail of Safety concern: Supervisor’s signature and Date:

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Purpose :- To create, promote, elevate and maintain a high level of health and safety awareness. Safety Information Board 1 4 3 2 7 9 8 10 12 11 13 15 14 6 5

Key Points to Remember:

Key Points to Remember You need to be aware of the hazards in warehouses. Always practice safe lifting. Use material-handling equipment safely, and watch out for forklifts. Stack and store materials properly. Practice good housekeeping, and wear required PPE.


Ergonomics Ergonomics : “The study of design of work in relation to the physiological and psychological capabilities of people (matching the workplace to the worker) ”


ErgoNomics Ergon – work Nomos – laws of Ergonomics is the laws of work that define the limits to human capability.

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Handle material the right way else????!!!!

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What happens when you carry a heavy load at a height??????

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Noise & Climate drained you out!!!

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Results of standing for long!!!! Instead Sit & work when ever possible.

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Carry heavy loads with 2 persons

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Find ways to Roll over parts instead of Pulls!!!

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Get Aware & Avoid the Mess!!! Safe ways of Lifting, Lowering, Pushing, Pulling & Twisting AVOID!!!

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Use Personal Protective Equipment

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Hold Box closer to your body

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Guidelines to Follow:

Guidelines to Follow Take a Break Every 2 Hrs. Stretch


Summary Avoid Awkward Postures Avoid Repetition of Work Avoid Static Posture Avoid Prolonged Standing Avoid Temperature Extremes Avoid Vibrations Avoid Pulling of Material Remember to Stretch & Break.

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