MEXICAN AMERICAN WAR

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Mexican American War:

Mexican American War April 25, 1846 V

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War …???

James K. Polk:

James K. Polk                           

Picture/Polk:

Picture/Polk James K. Polk, Democrat President from 1845 to 1849 Responsible for the Manifest Destiny Expansionist Acquired the Oregon Territory from Great Britain in 1846 54’, 40’ or Fight 49th Parallel became border MANIFEST DESTINY Mexican War acquired Mexican Cession and completed U.S. control of the continent from ocean to ocean

Causes of the War:

Causes of the War

Mexican War:

Mexican War Long Term Causes Manifest Destiny California Immediate Causes Texas statehood, 1845 Mexico refusing to sell California Border dispute Effects US receives Mexican Cession Disputes over expansion of slavery will lead to the Civil War MEXICAN WAR

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The Push Westward

Oregon dispute:

Oregon dispute Treaty with Great Britain in 1846 President Polk campaign slogan was 54,40 or fight… Compromised with British and divided the Oregon Country at the 49 th parallel MANIFEST DESTINY The Oregon Territory

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In public, President Polk said that the United States had a right to Oregon. Those who supported this stand on Oregon used the slogan “Fifty-four Forty or Fight.” In private, Polk agreed to split the territory with Great Britain. In June 1846, the two countries agreed that the United States would acquire most of Oregon south of 49 ° north latitude. 54-40 or Fight ??? Texas and Oregon Enter the Union

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Before Polk took office, President Tyler had pushed a resolution through Congress that annexed Texas. Mexico broke diplomatic relations with the United States government. Mexico and the U.S. government disputed the location of Texas’s southwestern border. In November 1845, John Slidell was sent to Mexico City as a special envoy, or representative, to purchase California. Texas and Oregon Enter the Union

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Unpopular War ??? “They (government officials) are won’t to forget that the world is not governed by policy and expediency.”

“OLD ROUGH & READY “:

“OLD ROUGH & READY “

Fighting Begins:

Fighting Begins Polk orders Zachary Taylor to move his army to the mouth of the Rio Grande and to prepare to defend Texas from invasion

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The War With Mexico After Mexico refused to discuss the U.S. purchase of California, President Polk ordered troops led by General Zachary Taylor to cross the Nueces River. Mexicans saw this as an invasion of their country. A Mexican force attacked Taylor’s men. Polk declared war with Mexico .

Mexican War:

Mexican War MEXICAN WAR

THE CAPTURE OF MEXICO CITY:

THE CAPTURE OF MEXICO CITY

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President Polk replaced Taylor with General Winfield Scott and sent him and his troops to capture Mexico City. The city was captured on September 14, 1847. On February 2, 1848, the leaders signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. ( Nicholas Trist ) In this treaty, Mexico ceded , or gave up, more than 500,000 square miles of land to the U.S. The War With Mexico

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Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Mexico ceded the Mexican Cession to U.S. Rio Grande River boundary between U.S. and Mexico U.S. paid Mexico $15 million

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Gadsden Purchase

Election of 1848:

Election of 1848 Both the Whigs and the Democrats remained silent on the issue of slavery even though Southern “fire-eaters” threatening secession.

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Ralph Waldo Emerson , who predicted, “The United States will conquer Mexico, but it will be as the man who swallows the arsenic which brings him down in return. Mexico will poison us.” .

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MANIFEST DESTINY

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Manifest destiny

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1850`s

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