Industrial policy,1991

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Managerial economics

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PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL POLICY, 1991 :

PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL POLICY, 1991 MASTER OF SOCIAL WORKS-II YR

SYNOPSIS:

SYNOPSIS MEANING: INDUSTRIAL POLICY OBJECTIVES OF INDUSTRIAL POLICY OBJECTIVES OF NEW INDUSTRIAL POLICY FEATURES OF NIP INDUSTRIAL POLICIES POSITIVES AND WATCH-OUTS

MEANING: INDUSTRIAL POLICY:

MEANING: INDUSTRIAL POLICY

OBJECTIVES OF INDUSTRIAL POLICY:

OBJECTIVES OF INDUSTRIAL POLICY

OBJECTIVES OF NEW INDUSTRIAL POLICY :

OBJECTIVES OF NEW INDUSTRIAL POLICY

FEATURES OF NIP:

De-reservation of Public Sector : The number of industries reserved for public sector was reduced to 8 industries. At present, there are only three industries reserved for public sector which include. (a) Atomic energy (b) Railways, and (c) specified Minerals. De-licensing : -The most important features of NIP, 1991 was the abolition of industrial licensing of all industries except six industries. The six industries are of social and strategic concern. The six industries are 1. Hazardous Chemicals. 2. Alcohol 3. Cigarettes 4. Industrial Explosives 5. Defense Products, and 6. Drug and pharmaceuticals. Disinvestment of public sector : -The NIP 1991 permitted disinvestment of public sector units. Disinvestment is a process of selling government equity in PSUs in favour of private parties. Disinvestments aim at certain objectives. (1) To provide better customer Service. (2) To make effective use of disinvestment funds. (3) To overcome the problem of political interference. (4) To enable the government to concentrate on social development. FEATURES OF NIP

FEATURES OF NIP,1991 (cont…..):

Foreign Investment: Approval will be given for direct foreign investment up to 51 percent foreign equity in high priority industries . There shall be no bottlenecks of any kind in this process Foreign Technology Agreements: Automatic permission will be given for foreign technology agreements in high priority industries up to a lump sum payment of Rs. 1 crore, 5% royalty for domestic sales and 8% for exports, subject to total payment of 8% of sales over a 10 year period from date of agreement or 7 years from commencement of production. No permission will be necessary for hiring of foreign technicians, foreign testing of indigenously developed technologies. MRTP Act: Emphasis will be placed on controlling and regulating monopolistic, restrictive and unfair trade practices. Simultaneously, the newly empowered MRTP Commission will be authorized to initiative investigations on complaints received from individual consumers or classes of consumers in regard to monopolistic, restrictive and unfair trade practices. FEATURES OF NIP,1991 (cont…..)

FEATURES OF NIP,1991 (cont…..):

Public Sector Policy : The priority areas for growth of public enterprises in the future will be the following: Essential infrastructure goods and services. Exploration and exploitation of oil and mineral resources. Technology development and building of manufacturing capabilities in areas which are crucial in the long term development of the economy and where private sector investment is inadequate. Manufacture of products where strategic considerations predominate such as defense equipment. FEATURES OF NIP,1991 (cont…..)

INDUSTRIAL POLICIES:

INDUSTRIAL POLICIES

Positives & Watch- Outs:

Positives & Watch- Outs POSITIVES: De-licensing of most industries will help entrepreneurs to quickly seize business opportunities. Removal of controls under the MRTP Act will facilitate expansion and growth. There will be greater inflow of foreign capital and technology due to easing of restrictions. Burden on the public sector will be reduced. WATCH-OUTS: . The bureaucracy has a tendency to attempt to defeat measures aimed at deregulations. Foreign investors still regard the policy and procedural system in India confusing. Rather many feel that policy and development environment in China is superior to India. Distortion in Industrial pattern would occur due to slow pace of investment in few basic and strategic industries. Absence of a mechanism would slow down the development of backward areas

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