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Premium member Presentation Transcript Ch.6 Social Issues and Environment: Ch.6 Social Issues and Environment -Azhar AliFrom Sustainable to Unsustainable development: From Sustainable to Unsustainable development The development without thinking about the ill-affects on the biotic and abiotic factors leads to unsustainability E.g. Overuse of coal and oil may lead to total loss of fossil fuels Unless we find alternatives for the same, the future generation will have to survive without energy resourcesSustainable Development: Sustainable Development “The sustainable development is a process of betterment of life, in all sectors of society i.e. social, economic, educational, health, national security, food and education”Need for Sustainable Development: Need for Sustainable Development Almost all environmental problems are the results of unsustainable development Overuse of natural resources leads to pollution , cutting of trees has created global warming Laws for Air, Water, Land, Wild Life, Forest have failed to control environmental losses Only way is to accept the concept of sustainable development by making people aware about the needs and methods to control their demands and control over the overuse of resourcesUrban problems related to Energy: Urban problems related to Energy Conservation of energy resources: Causes of shortage of energy in India Effects of shortage of energy in India Methods of conservation of energyWater Resources: Water Resources Classification of water resources : Surface water Water in the solid form Water in the atmosphere Underground water Water utility : Water utility Consumptive use of water mainly for irrigation Non-consumptive use of water for power generation i.e. Hydel power Partially consumptive use for the public use and for industrial and thermal plantsUses of water: Uses of water Domestic use Manufacturing process and power generation Other usesQuality of water: Quality of water A. Physical parameters Color Taste and odor Temperature Turbidity B. Chemical parameters Total Dissolved solids (TDS) pH Hardness C. Biological parametersMeans to rehabilitate the affected people: Means to rehabilitate the affected people Alternate land should be given Enough compensation must be given Job for at least one person in the family Infrastructure must be developed Arrangements before the launching of the actual project It should be realized that the psychological and cultural loss is never compensatedEthics and moral values: Ethics and moral values Ethics is the set of beliefs about right and wrong behavior e.g. cheating Environmental Ethics : It deals with issues related to the rights of the individuals which are fundamental to life and its well beingBasic human values : Basic human values Equality Co-operation Tolerance Truth Justice ExcellenceAcid rains: Acid rains Main effects are due to Nitric Acid and Sulfuric acid Effects: Damages the vegetation Surface and ground water gets affected Soil pH reduces to 3, affects fertility Skin irritation Land and water ecosystem get affectedMeasures to control Acid Rain: Measures to control Acid Rain Reduce emissions at the source itself Use low sulphur coal Replace coal by natural gasDepletion of Ozone layer: Depletion of Ozone layer Main cause is Chlorine Effects: Damages the plants Causes cancer Causes destruction of life Affects the natural environmentMeasures to control depletion of O3: Measures to control depletion of O 3 Minimize the use of Fe and halogens Use CFC free chemicals Reduced use of AC’ s and refrigeratorsGlobal warming and Green house effect: Global warming and Green house effect GHG’ s are: CFC CH 4 N 2 O CO 2 COMeasures to control global warming: Measures to control global warming Check the overuse of carbon dioxide Use alternative sources of energy Cut down the transmission losses of electricity Use public transport Clean Development Mechanisms in industries Greenbelt around industriesEPA 1986: EPA 1986 Objectives: Protection and improvement of the environment i.e. air, water, soil Prevention of hazards to all living beings i.e. plants, animals and human beings Maintenance of the relationship between the human beings and the natural environmentPenalties for Violation of Act 1986: Penalties for Violation of Act 1986 Imprisonment for a term which may extend up to five years Or Fine which may extend up to Rs. 1 lakh Or Both of the aboveAir: Prevention and Control of Pollution Act 1981: Air: Prevention and Control of Pollution Act 1981 Aims and objectives: Prevention, control of air pollution Maintaining the quality of air Establishing of the Boards to prevent and to control the air pollutionWater: Prevention and control of pollution act: 1974 : Water: Prevention and control of pollution act: 1974 Aims and objectives: Prevention and control of water pollution Maintaining and restoring the wholesomeness of water Establishment of Boards of prevention and control of water pollutionPenalties for violation of the act:: Penalties for violation of the act: Penalty is imprisonment for a period of three months or a fine up to Rs. 10,000 or bothWildlife Protection Act 1972: Wildlife Protection Act 1972 Aims and objectives: Maintenance of the essential ecological processes and life-supporting systems Preservation of the biodiversity Protection and conservation of wild-lifePenalties for violation : Penalties for violation Imprisonment for three years or fine upto Rs. 23,000 or both License may get cancelledForest Conservation Act,1980: Forest Conservation Act,1980 Aims and objectives: To protect and conserve the forestPenalties for violation : Penalties for violation Imprisonment for six months or more or a fine of Rs. 500 or both For killing elephants imprisonment upto six months or fine upto Rs. 5000 or bothCauses of lack of environmental awareness: Causes of lack of environmental awareness Illiteracy and attitude Lack of participation Lack of information Partial information secrecyPowerPoint Presentation: Thank you! -Azzu You do not have the permission to view this presentation. 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