disaster management

Category: Education

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DISASTER PREPAREDNESS Disaster preparedness refers to measures taken to prepare for and reduce the impacts of disasters. That is to predict and where possible prevent them, mitigate their effect on vulnerable populations, and respond to and effectively cope with their consequencies Broad prospective, a goal, rather than immediate platform for disaster management


DISASTER PREPAREDNESS Strengthen the capacity and capability of a community to manage efficiently all types of emergencies Bring about orderly transition from relief thru recovery and back to sustained development Ensures appropriate systems , procedures and resources are in place to provide prompt and effective assisstance to disaster victims Best achieved thru community based resources and activities that build the capacity of individuals and communities to cope with and minimise the effects of disasters on their lives


DISASTER PREPAREDNESS PLANNING Hazards, risk and vulnerabilty assessment Adopt standards and regulations Response mechanisms and co-ordination strategies Preparedness plans Information management Early warning systems Develop public education programs, training and simulation exercises Resource mobilisation

Invest in Preparedness:

Invest in Preparedness Investments in Preparedness and Prevention (Mitigation) will yield sustainable results, rather than spending money on relief after a disaster. Most disasters are predictable, especially in their seasonality and the disaster-prone areas which are vulnerable. Communities must be involved in disaster preparedness.

Disasters in India:

Disasters in India Moving away from the Great Bengal famine of 1769-1770 in which a third of the population perished. The Chalisa famine of 1783, the Doji Bara or Skull famine of 1790 to 1792, the North West Provinces famine of 1838, the North West India Famine of 1861, the Bengal and Orissa famine of 1866, the Rajputana famine of 1869, the famine of 1899 to 1901, the Bengal famine of 1943… The drought years of 1965, 1972, 1979, 1987, 2002

India’s Vulnerability to Disasters:

India’s Vulnerability to Disasters 57% land is vulnerable to earthquakes. Of these, 12% is vulnerable to severe earthquakes. 68% land is vulnerable to drought. 12% land is vulnerable to floods. 8% land is vulnerable to cyclones. Apart from natural disasters, some cities in India are also vulnerable to chemical and industrial disasters and man-made disasters.

Seismic Activity in India 180 AD - 2004:

Seismic Activity in India 180 AD - 2004

Distribution of epicenters of earthquakes greater than magnitude 5.0 for the period 1976-2000, South East Asia and Indian Ocean :

Distribution of epicenters of earthquakes greater than magnitude 5.0 for the period 1976-2000, South East Asia and Indian Ocean

Areas of Concern:

Areas of Concern Activating an Early Warning System network and its close monitoring Mechanisms for integrating the scientific, technological and administrative agencies for effective disaster management Terrestrial communication links which collapse in the event of a rapid onset disaster Vulnerability of critical infrastructures (power supply, communication, water supply, transport, etc.) to disaster events

Areas of Concern:

Areas of Concern Funding : Primacy of relief as disaster response. Preparedness and Mitigation very often ignored. Lack of integrated efforts to collect and compile data, information and local knowledge on disaster history and traditional response patterns. Need for standardised efforts in compiling and interpreting geo-spatial data, satellite imagery and early warning signals. Weak areas continue to be forecasting, modelling, risk prediction, simulation and scenario analysis, etc.

New Directions for Disaster Management in India:

New Directions for Disaster Management in India The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has been set up as the apex body for Disaster Management in India, with the Prime Minister as its Chairman. Disaster Management Authorities will be set up at the State and District Levels to be headed by the Chief Ministers and Collectors/Zilla Parishad Chairmen respectively.

New Directions for Disaster Management in India:

New Directions for Disaster Management in India A National Disaster Mitigation Fund will be administerd by NDMA. States and districts will administer mitigation funds. A National Disaster Response Fund will be administerd by NDMA through the National Executive Committee. States and Districts will administer state Disaster Response Fund and Disaster Response Fund respectively. 8 Battalions of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) are being trained and deployed with CSSR and MFR equipments and tools in eight strategic locations. A National Disaster Management Policy and National Disaster Response Plan will also be drawn up.

Future Directions:

Future Directions Encourage and knowledge networks Mobilise and train disaster volunteers for more effective preparedness, mitigation and response (NSS, NCC, Scouts and Guides, NYK, Civil Defence , Homeguards ) Increased capacity building leads to faster vulnerability reduction. Learn from best practices in disaster preparedness, mitigation and disaster responseconsolidate

Nodal Agencies for Disaster Management:

Nodal Agencies for Disaster Management Floods : Ministry of Water Resources, CWC Cyclones : Indian Meteorological Department Earthquakes : Indian Meteorological Department Epidemics : Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Avian Flu: Ministry of Health, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Chemical Disasters : Ministry of Environment and Forests Industrial Disasters : Ministry of Labour Rail Accidents : Ministry of Railways Air Accidents : Ministry of Civil Aviation Fire : Ministry of Home Affairs Nuclear Incidents : Department of Atomic Energy Mine Disasters : Department of Mines

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