3044617-minimum-wages-act-1948

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Minimum Wages Act 1948:

Minimum Wages Act 1948

History of Minimum Wages :

History of Minimum Wages ILO Convention no26 in1928 Recommended Machinery for Fixation of minimum wages •The Standing Labour Committee Of Tripartite organization(ILC)Discussed in1943 •On 13.04.1946 Dr. Ambedkar introduced minimum wages bill. •On 15.03.1948 the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 passed.  

OBJECTIVES:

OBJECTIVES To prevent the exploitation of Workers by the Employers (By fixing the statutory obligation on the employer to pay the minimum wages). To bring the social justice. To enable the working class to have a minimum standard of life.

Contd…:

Contd… To fix/revise the minimum rate of wages for the scheduled employments. To add any new employment to the schedule.

Fixing of minimum rates of wages:

Fixing of minimum rates of wages The appropriate Government shall, in the manner hereinafter provided,­- (a) fix the minimum rates of wages payable to employees employed in an employment specified in (b) The appropriate Government may, in respect of employees employed in an employment specified in Part II of the Schedule, instead of fixing minimum rates of wages under this clause for the whole State, fix such rates for a part of the State or for any specified class or classes of such employment in the whole State

Slide6:

Review at such intervals as it may think fit, such intervals not exceeding five years, the minimum rates of wages so fixed and revise the minimum rates, if necessary For any reason the appropriate Government has not reviewed the minimum rates of wages fixed by it in respect of any scheduled employment within any interval of five years, nothing contained in this clause shall be deemed to prevent it from reviewing the minimum rates after the expiry of the said period of five years and revising them, if necessary, and until they are so revised the minimum rates in force immediately before the expiry of the said period of five years shall continue in force.

Slide7:

The appropriate Government may fix, - a minimum rate of wages for time work (hereinafter referred to as "a minimum time rate"); a minimum rate of wages for piece work (hereinafter referred to as "a minimum piece rate"); (c) a minimum rate of remuneration to apply in the case of employees employed on piece work for the purpose of securing to such employees a minimum rate of wages on a time work basis (hereinafter referred to as "a guaranteed time rate"); (d) a minimum rate (whether a time rate or a piece rate) to apply in substitution for the minimum rate which would otherwise be applicable, in respect of overtime work done by employees (hereinafter referred to as "overtime rate").

Slide8:

In fixing or revising minimum rates of wages under this section, - different minimum rates of wages may be fixed for­- (i) different scheduled employments; (ii) different classes of work in the same scheduled employment; (iii) adults, adolescents, children and apprentices; (iv) different localities; (b) minimum rates of wages may be fixed by any one or more of the following wage periods, namely:- (i) by the hour, (ii) by the day, (iii) by the month, or (iv) by such other larger wage period as may be prescribed; and where such rates are fixed by the day or by the month ' the manner of calculating wages for a month or for a day, as the case may be, may be indicated:]

Procedure for fixing and revising minimum wages :

Procedure for fixing and revising minimum wages (1) In fixing minimum rates of wages in respect of any scheduled employment for the first time under this Act or in revising minimum rates of wages so fixed, the appropriate Government shall either­- (a) appoint as many committees and sub-committees as it considers necessary to hold enquiries and advise it in respect of such fixation or revision, as the case may be, or (b) by notification in the Official Gazette, publish its proposals for the information of persons likely to be affected thereby and specify a date, not less than two months from the date of the notification, on which the proposals will be taken into consideration.

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After considering the advice of the committee or committees appointed or as the case may be, all representations received by it before the date 'Specified in the notification ,the appropriate Government shall, by notification in the Official Gazette, fix, or, as the case may be, revise the minimum rates of wages in respect of each schedule employment, and unless such notification otherwise provides, it shall come into force on the expiry of three months from the date of its issue

Advisory Board:

Advisory Board For the purpose of co-ordinating the work of [committees and sub committees appointed] and advising the appropriate Government generally in the matter of fixing and revising minimum rates of wages, the appropriate Government shall appoint an Advisory Board.

Central Advisory Board :

Central Advisory Board (1) For the purpose of advising the Central and State Governments in the matters of the fixation and revision of minimum rates of wages and other matters under this Act and for co-ordinating the work of the Advisory Boards, the Central Government shall appoint a Central Advisory Board. (2) The Central Advisory Board shall consist of persons to be nominated by the Central Government representing employers and employees in the scheduled employments, who shall be equal in number, and independent persons not exceeding one-third of its total number of members; one of such independent persons shall be appointed the Chairman of the Board by the Central Government.

Composition of committees, etc :

Composition of committees, etc Each of the committees, sub-committees and the Advisory Board shall consist of persons to be nominated by the appropriate Government representing employers and employees in the scheduled employments, who shall be equal in number, and independent persons not exceeding one-third of its total number of members; one of such independent persons shall be appointed the Chairman by the appropriate Government.

Inspectors :

Inspectors (1) The appropriate Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint such persons as it thinks fit to be Inspector for the purposes of this Act, and define the local limits within which they shall exercise their functions. (2) Subject to any rules made in this behalf, an Inspector may, within the local limits for which he is appointed – (a) enter, at all reasonable hours, with such assistants (if any), being persons in the service of the Government or any local or other public authority, as he thinks fit, any premises or place where employees are employed or work is given out to out-workers in any scheduled employment in respect of which minimum rates of wages have been fixed under this Act, for the purpose of examining any register, record of wages or notices required to be kept or exhibited by or under this Act or rules made there under, and require the production thereof for inspection;

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(b) examine any person whom he finds in any such premises or place and who, he has reasonable cause to believe, is an employee employed therein or an employee t6 whom work is given out therein; (c) require any person giving out-work and any out-workers, to give any information, which is in his power to give, with respect to the names and addresses of the persons to, for and from whom the work is given out or received, and with respect to the payments to be made for the work; (d) seize or take copies of such register, record of wages or notices or portions thereof as he may consider relevant in respect of an offence under this Act which he has reason to believe has been committed by an employer; and (e) exercise such other powers as may be prescribed.

Slide16:

(3) Every Inspector shall be deemed to be a public servant with in the meaning of the Indian Penal Code (4)Any person required to produce any document or thing or to give any information by an inspector shall be deemed to be legally bound to do so under the section of Indian Penal Code.

Claims :

Claims The appropriate Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint any Commissioner for Workmen's Compensation or any officer of the Central Government exercising functions as a Labour Commissioner for any region, or any officer of the State Government not below the rank of Labour Commissioner or any] other officer with experience as a Judge of a Civil Court or as a stipend any Magistrate to be the Authority to hear and decide for any specified area all claims arising out of payment of less than the minimum rates of wages to employees employed or paid in that area. (2) Where an employee has any claim by himself, or any legal practitioner or any official of a registered trade union authorized in writing to act on his behalf, or any Inspector, or any person acting with the permission of the Authority appointed as mentioned above

Slide18:

in the case of a claim arising out of payment of less than the minimum rates of wages, the payment to the employee of the amount by which the minimum wages payable to him exceed the amount actually paid, together with the payment of such compensation as the Authority may think fit, not exceeding ten times the amount of such excess; (ii) in any other case, the payment of the amount due to the employee, together with the payment of such compensation as the Authority may think fit, not exceeding ten rupees and the Authority may direct payment of such compensation in cases where the excess or the amount due is paid by the employer to the employee before the disposal of the application.

Slide19:

(5)Any amount directed to be paid under this section may be recovered­ (a) if the Authority is a Magistrate, by the Authority as if it were a fine imposed by the Authority as a Magistrate, or (b) if the Authority is not a Magistrate, by any Magistrate to whom the Authority makes application in this behalf, as if it were a fine imposed by such Magistrate. (6) Every direction of the Authority under this section shall be final.

Penalties for certain offences :

Penalties for certain offences Any employer who- pays to any employee less than the minimum rates of wages fixed for that employee's class of work, or less than the amount due to him under the provisions of this Act, or (b) contravenes any rule or order regards to this act, shall be punishable with 'Imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees, or with both: Provided that in imposing any fine for an offence under this section, the Court shall take into consideration the amount of any compensation already awarded against the accused in any proceedings taken under this Section.

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