Slide1: ..\061012-child-labor.jpg Introduction
IEG 7th March, 2008 , Praveen kuamr 1 Slide2: Child Labour 2 Slide3: Child labour Child labour in figures (global estimates 2002) = knowledge Majority boys Majority girls 3 Slide4: 4 Slide5: 5
The global experiences………..
Britain : Roberts Peel's factories act 1802
Incidence of child labour remained very high
U.S experience: child labor control act 1837
Faster decline in child labour between 1880-1910.
What do other studies say………….?
Moehling 1999: law had very little effect on the incidence of
child labour in Britain
Should the govt intervene ……………?
There is need for formal empirical analysis of the effect of the law on child
labour , the broad evidence suggests that the effect may not be what people take
it to be at face value . Indeed it can be shown that when it comes to the use of a
fine for employing children the effect can be the opposite of what we may expect .
Should the firms employing child be fined?
A house hold sends its children to work in
order to escape poverty and starvation , now
There is a new law whereby firms are fined
whenever they are caught using child
clearly this will cause the wage for child labour
to drop this is because children are now less
input for firms. But this in turn will mean
children will have to work even harder to be
able to earn the target income (subsistence-
level) Empirically , consider a lobour market
in which each household consists one adult and
several children in a labour market , adults and
children are perfect substitutes. The adult
always supplies labour perfectly inelastically ,
where as children work only to the extent of
6 IPEC Slide7: 7 Slide8: 8 Slide9: Concluding remarks:
Which agency to control ?
Direct or indirect approach .
Close analysis required .
Sources : ILO and Planning Commission Of India