tenses

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Presentation Transcript

TENSES : 

TENSES Welcome To The World Of Tenses

There are 3 types of Tenses : 

There are 3 types of Tenses Present Tense Past Tense Future Tense

Present Tense : 

Present Tense Present Tense is further divided into 4 counter parts: Simple Present Tense Present Perfect Tense Present Continuous Tense Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Simple Present Tense : 

Simple Present Tense The Simple Present Tense is used: 1. To express a habitual action. E.g.: She takes milk every morning. 2. To express general truths. E.g.: The sun rises in the east. 3.In exclamatory sentences beginning with here and there to express what is actually taking place in the present.

Slide 5: 

E.g.: Here comes the train! 4. To indicate a future event that is part of a fixed programme or timetable. E.g.: The train leaves at 2.30p.m.

Slide 6: 

Formula To Be Remembered: S + V1 +O Signal Words: Everyday, sometimes, always, often, usually, seldom, never etc.

Simple Present Statements : 

Simple Present Statements

Present Perfect Tense : 

Present Perfect Tense Present Perfect is used: 1.To indicate completed activities in the immediate past. E.g.: He has just gone out. 2.To express past actions whose time is not given and not definite. E.g.: She has been to China.

Slide 9: 

3.To describe past events when we think more of their effect in the present than of the action. E.g. :I have finished my work. 4.To denote an action beginning at some time in the past and continuing up to the present moment. E.g. :We have lived here for five years.

Slide 10: 

Formula To Be Remembered: S + has/have +V3 +O Signal Words: just, yet, never ,ever, already, so far, up to now, since, for, recently.

Present Perfect Statements : 

Present Perfect Statements

Present Continuous Tense : 

Present Continuous Tense Present Continuous is used: 1.For an action going on at the time of speaking. E.g. :She is singing. 2.For a temporary action which may not be actually happening at the time of speaking. E.g. :I am reading ‘David Copperfield‘.

Slide 13: 

3.For an action that is planned or arranged to take place in the near future. E.g.: My uncle is arriving tomorrow.

Slide 14: 

Formula To Be Remembered: S + be (am, is, are) +V + ing +O Signal Words: now, at the moment, Look !, Listen!

Present Continuous Statements : 

Present Continuous Statements

Present Perfect Continuous Tense : 

Present Perfect Continuous Tense Present Perfect Continuous Tense is used for an action which began at some time in the past and is still continuing. E.g. :1.They have been playing since five o’clock. 2.They have been constructing the building since one year.

Slide 17: 

Formula To Be Remembered: S + has/have + been + V1+ ing+ O Signal Words: how long, all day, the whole day,

Present Perfect Continuous Tense : 

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Tense : 

Past Tense Past Tense is further divided into 4 counter parts: Simple Past Tense Past Perfect Tense Past Continuous Tense Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Simple Past Tense : 

Simple Past Tense Simple Past Tense is used to indicate an action completed in the past. It often occurs with adverbs or adverb phrases of past time. E.g.: 1. I received your letter a week ago. 2. She left school last year.

Slide 21: 

Formula To Be Remembered: S+ V2+ O Signal Words: already , just, never etc.

Simple Past Statements : 

Simple Past Statements

Past Perfect Tense : 

Past Perfect Tense Past Perfect Tense describes an action completed before a certain moment in the past. E.g. :I had seen her last five years before.

Slide 24: 

Formula To Be Remembered: S + had +V3 +O Signal Words: just, yet, never ,ever, already, so far, up to now, since, for, recently.

Past Perfect Statements : 

Past Perfect Statements

Past Continuous Tense : 

Past Continuous Tense Past Continuous Tense is used to denote an action going on at some time in the past. The time of the action may or may not be indicated. E.g.: 1.Sheela was writing a letter. 2.It was getting darker.

Slide 27: 

Formula To Be Remembered: S + was/were + V1 + ing + O Signal Words: while

Present Continuous Statements : 

Present Continuous Statements

Past Perfect Continuous Tense : 

Past Perfect Continuous Tense The Past Perfect Continuous Tense is used for an action that began before a certain point in the past and continued up to that time. E.g.: 1.I had been waiting for you for ten minutes when you came.

Slide 30: 

Formula To Be Remembered: S + had + been + V+ ing + O Signal Words: how long, since, for etc.

Past Perfect Continuous Statements : 

Past Perfect Continuous Statements

Future Tense : 

Future Tense Future Tense is further divided into 4 counter parts: Simple Future Tense Future Perfect Tense Future Continuous Tense Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Simple Future Tense : 

Simple Future Tense Simple Future Tense is used for an action that has still to take place E.g.:1. I shall see her tomorrow. 2.He will be leaving on Monday. Formula To Be Remembered: S + shall/will+ V1+ O

Simple Future Statements : 

Simple Future Statements

Future Continuous Tense : 

Future Continuous Tense The Future Perfect Tense represents an action as going on at some time in future time. E.g.: 1.I shall be reading the newspaper then. 2.I will be meeting her next week. Formula To Be Remembered: S + shall/will +be+V1+ing + O

Future Continuous Statements : 

Future Continuous Statements

Future Perfect Tense : 

Future Perfect Tense The Future Tense is used to indicate the completion of an action by a certain future time. E.g.: I shall have writing the letter by that time. Formula To Be Remembered: S + shall/will+ have+ V3 + O

Future Perfect Statements : 

Future Perfect Statements

Future Perfect Continuous Tense : 

Future Perfect Continuous Tense The Future Perfect Continuous Tense indicates an action represented as being in progress over a period of time that will end in the future. E.g.: She will have been singing a song. Formula To Be Remembered: S + shall/will+ have+ been + V1 +ing

Future Perfect Continuous Statements : 

Future Perfect Continuous Statements