Human resource

Category: Education

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Human Resource People are a nation’s ultimate resource Its people who makes natural things into useful resources Thus it can be summarized that when people use their intelligence, naturally available things turn into useful resources. So HUMAN BEINGS are also resources.

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Healthy, educated and motivated people develop resources as per their requirements. Human resource is not distributed equally all over the world. Humans vary in their age, educational levels and sex.

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The way in which people are spread across the globe is known as the PATTERN OF POPULATION DISTRIBUTION.

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More than 90% of the world’s population lives in about 10% of the land surface. The distribution of population is uneven on the globe.

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The crowded areas of the globe are, South and Southeast Asia Europe Northeastern North America

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Population is less in, High latitude areas Deserts High mountains Equatorial forests

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Population is more in Northern Hemisphere than in Southern

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Almost 3/4 of the world population lives in only 2 continents. ASIA and AFRICA

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World’s most populous countries are: China India USA Indonesia Brazil Pakistan Bangladesh Russia Nigeria Japan

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Density of Population Population density is the number of people living in a unit area of the Earth’s surface. Average density of population in India is 324 persons per Square Km Density of population in Karnataka is 275.6 persons per Square Km

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Factors affecting Distribution of population Topography Climate Soil Water Minerals

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Factors affecting Distribution of population Social Areas of better housing, education and health facilities are densely populated. Cultural Places with religious and cultural significance attract people.

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Varanasi Jerusalem

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Economic Industrial areas provide the people with employment opportunities Osaka, Japan

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Population Change Population change refers to the change in number of people during a specific time. Population change takes place as a result of births and deaths.

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Until the 1800s, the population of the world grew steadily but slowly. Large no. of babies were born, but they died early because of poor health services So, the population increase was very less.

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In 1820, the world’s population reached 1 billion After a hundred and fifty years later, in 1970s, it touched 3 billion This sudden increase in population in a short span of time is called POPULATION EXPLOSION

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After less than 30 years, in 1999, it touched 6 billion This kind of sudden increase in population was a result of better food supplies and medicine all over the world and reduce in infant mortality rates.

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The natural causes of population change are BIRTHS and DEATHS. The difference between birth rate and death rate is called NATURAL GROWTH OF POPULATION

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Birth Rate The number of live births per 1000 people is called BIRTH RATE Death Rate The number of deaths per 1000 people is called DEATH RATE

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