Carbon footprint using GIS

Category: Education

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Slide 1:

CARBON-FOOTPRINT ANALYSIS FOR OPTIMAL PATH SELECTION GUIDED BY DR.S.JAYALAKSHMI Assistant Professor IRS, Anna University- Chennai TEAM MEMBERS S.Balachander 20071104 J.Manoj 20071114 R.Prabhu 20071120 T.Sathyesh 20071132


Objective To estimate the Carbon footprint based on the mode and route. Propose Optimal route. Comparison of Old vs New pollution level. Modeling for the future.

Need for study:

Need for study Green house gases(GHG) - Major Cause for pollution Motorized vehicles are the main sources other than industries emitting GHG. Carbon credit of india being very high. Global warming.


Cont People use vehicles to travel from one place to another. The route and the mode of transport which they use to reach one place from another influences amount of GHG emission. Proposal to use the new routes will effectively reduce the carbon emission.

Data Needed:

Data Needed Road network Rail network Pollution caused by vehicles Passenger Car Unit (PCU) Commuting data from users

Work Done:

Work Done Collected Road network map Collected Rail network map Commuting data from users Collected data about Pollution caused by vehicles



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NAME MODE FROM VIA TO AGE OF ENGINE Aishwarya Bike K.K.nagar T.nagar - saidapet Anna university 3 Archana Train St.thomas mount Guindy Bus Guindy Lt.mount Anna university Jayakrishnan Train Tambaram Meenampakkam Guindy Bus Guindy Lt.mount Anna university Jayashree Bus Adyar Madhya kailash Anna university Madhav Prashanth Ramachandran Bus Adyar Madhya kailash Anna university Manoj Bus T.V.K.nagar Cmbt Guindy Bus Guindy Lt.mount Anna university

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NAME MODE FROM VIA TO AGE OF ENGINE Monica Deborah Bus Ayanavaram Puraisaivakkam , - Egmore Anna university Petchiyappan Bus Tondaiyarpet Royapuram Beach station Train Beach station Mylapore Kasturibai nagar Bus Kasturibai nagar IIT Anna university Revathy Bike Anna nagar Cmbt - T .nagar Anna university 1 Prabhu Bike Arumbakkam Nungambakkam - T. nagar Anna university 12 Sakthimari Bus Chrompet Meenapakkam - G uindy Anna university Sandhya Bus Mmda Jafferkhanpet Guindy Bus Guindy Lt.mount Anna university

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NAME MODE FROM VIA TO AGE OF ENGINE Shravanesh Bike Tiruvanmayur Adyar Anna university 3 Vijaya Bus Korukupet Mint Paris Bus Paris Mylapore , Mandaveli Anna university Gopinath Bike Anna nagar Nungambakkam ,tnagar Anna university 5 Nachammai Car Tnagar Saidapet Anna university 1.5

Pollution data for different mode of transport:

Pollution data for different mode of transport

Slide 16:

CO 2 emission factors for cars Vehicle Type Engine size Size label gCO 2 per km Miles Per Gallon (MPG) Petrol car Average Petrol Car <1.41 1.41 – 2.01 >2.01 Small Medium Large 159.2 188.0 219.7 178.2 40.8 34.6 29.6 36.5 Diesel Car Average Diesel Car <2.01 >2.01 Small Medium Large N/A 163.6 192.6 169.6 N/A 45.4 38.6 43.8

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New emission factors for buses Bus Type Average passenger occupancy gCO 2 per passenger km Local Bus 8.9 115.8 Coach 17.1 29 Average Bus and Coach 12.3 68.6 Average load factors provided by Department of Transport Statistics Division.

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Dataset on CO 2 emissions from motorcycles based on engine capacity Motorbike Size CC gCO 2 /km Small Small 100 125 68.0 55.0 Small Small 125 125 62.0 74.0 Small Small 125 125 78.0 80.0 Small Small 125 125 82.0 86.0 Small 125 71.0 Average Small 72.9

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Motorbike Size CC gCO 2 /km Medium Medium 140 140 88.0 82.0 Medium Medium 200 250 80.0 93.0 Medium Medium 250 250 82.0 76.0 Medium Medium 400 400 79.0 94.0 Medium Medium 400 500 112.0 117.0 Medium Medium 500 500 104.0 120.0 Average Medium Bike 93.9

Slide 20:

Revised CO 2 emission factors for motorcycles Vehicle Type Engine size Size label gCO 2 per km MPG Petrol motorcycle Up to 125cc 125cc to 500cc Over 500cc Average Small (mopeds/scooters) Medium Large 72.9 93.9 128.6 105.9 89.2 69.2 50.6 61.8 The average is a weighted average based on number of registrations of different size categories.

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Type Of Rail gCO 2 per passenger km Source International rail 17.7 Average figures from Eurostar for London to Brussels and Paris routes National rail 60.2 DfT Network Modelling Framework (NMF) Environmental ModelCO 2 /fuel consumption and DfT rail statistics for 05/06 Light rail (and tram) 78.0 Average of Tyne & Wear Metro, DLR, Croydon Tramlink and Manchester Metrolink CO 2 emission factors for rail travel

Literature Review:

Literature Review Carbon footprint of visitors in National Park – Finland Visitors' carbon footprint measures the total greenhouse gas emissions caused by visits to Seitseminen . The focus is on direct emissions.The results were measured in kilograms of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2-eq). A visit to Seitseminen NP was defined to be a trip with the start and endpoint at visitor's home Reference : Lasse Lovén and Rami Tuominiemi Metsähallitus Natural Heritage Services 2ndOctober 2010

Literature Review:

Literature Review The Personal Environmental Tracker The goal of the PET system is to make users aware of their carbon footprint and help them to reduce it. Wiedmann and Minx describe two methods for actually calculating the carbon footprint of some-thing: Process Analysis (PA), and Environmental Input-Output analysis (EIO). PA is a bottom-up process used when calculating the impact of a product from creation to destruction. The primary focus of PA is direct emissions, but it can also include some second order impacts Reference : Dawes, John (2008), ”Do Data Characteristics Change According to the number of scale points used? An experiment using 5-point, 7-point and 10-point scales,” International Journal of Market Research, 50 (1), 61-77.

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APRIL Modeling, Report preparation Work schedule

Thank You:

Thank You

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