past perfect tense

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Past Perfect Tense:

Past Perfect Tense Education

Form:

Form [ had + past participle ] Examples You had studied English before you moved to New York. Had you studied English before you moved to New York? You had not studied English before you moved to New York. Do you remember? © 2011

Usage (1) A completed action before something in the past :

Usage (1) A completed action before something in the past The Past Perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past . It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past . I did not have any money. I lost my wallet. An Example I did not have any money because I had lost my wallet. © 2011

Try it out! :

Try it out! © 2011 1) I went to Thailand. I have never seen such a beautiful beach. I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Kauai. Use ‘before’ 2) She only understood the movie. she read the book. She only understood the movie because she had read the book. Use ‘because’

Usage (2) A duration before something in the past :

Usage (2) A duration before something in the past We use the Past Perfect to show that something started in the past and continued up until another action in the past . We had a car. The car broke down. An Example We had had that car for ten years before it broke down. © 2011

Try it out! :

Try it out! © 2011 1) They felt bad about selling the house. They owned the house for more than forty years. They felt bad about selling the house because they had owned it for more than forty years. Use ‘because’ 2) Alex finished his studies. Alex has been in London for over eight years. By the time Alex finished his studies, he had been in London for over eight years. Start with ‘by the time’

Comparing with::

Comparing with: Present Perfect Tense © 2011 Form [ has / have + past participle ] Usage • Unspecified time before now - The exact time is not important. - CANNOT use with specific time expressions such as yesterday , one year ago , last week … e.g. I think I have met him once before. • An uncompleted action you are expecting e.g. James has not finished his homework yet. • Experience e.g. I have been to France three times.

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