industrial heath and safety

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By: abhi.kakadia2009 (32 month(s) ago)

very nice presentation but need to some improve little but.....and lots of new concept being included now......

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A SEMINAR ON INDUSTRIAL HEALTH AND SAFETY:

A SEMINAR ON INDUSTRIAL HEALTH AND SAFETY PREPARED BY : SAVALIYA POOJA R . M.PHARM SEM-II (2011) ROLL NO :16 GUIDED BY : Mrs. JAGRUTI VAGHELA ASSITANT PROFFESOR DEPARTMENT OF QUALITY ASSURANCE S.J.THAKKER PHARMACY COLLEGE,RAJKOT.

Objective of industrial Health and Safety :

Objective of industrial Health and Safety To Provide protection . To provide healthy, safe and hygienic condition in the Industry. To take protection against risk and hazards . To provide prevention of accident on machinery and occupational hazards. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 2

The Factory Act:

The Factory Act The Factory Act,1948 provides basic labour laws for industrial health and safety. Factory act shall come into force on APRIAL,1949. Act was first passed in 1948 then amended in 1950,1951,1954,1976,1980,2005,2008, 15 th May 2009 . 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 3

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Health : As defined by WHO, health is a state of complete physical, mental, social and spiritual well being and absence of disease. Safety : Safety is a state of freedom from danger or risk. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 4

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4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 5 Health

CONTENT:

CONTENT Cleanliness Disposal of wastes and effluents Ventilation and temperature Dust and fume Lighting Drinking water Latrines and urinals Spittoons 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 6

Cleanliness :

Cleanliness (1) Every factory shall be kept clean and free from effluvial arising from any drain, or other nuisance, and in particular :- (a)Accumulation of dirt shall be removed daily by sweeping or by any other effective method; 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 7

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Continue… (b) The floor of every workroom shall be cleaned at least once in every week by washing, using disinfectant; (c) Effective drainage shall be provided. ( 2) All walls, partition, ceiling, passage shall be painted in every five years. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 8

Disposal of wastes and effluents :

D isposal of wastes and effluents Waste shall be disposed of after suitable treatment to render them harmless. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 9

Ventilation and Temperature:

Ventilation and Temperature Effective and suitable provisions shall be made in every factory for maintaining in every workroom ; (a)The circulation of fresh air by adequate ventilation. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 10

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Continue.. ( b) Such a temperature as determination secure to workers therein reasonable conditions of comfort and prevent injury to health; (c) Process producing high temperature to be separated. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 11

Dust and fume :

Dust and fume The working place should free from dust and fumes. Provide exhaust for internal combustion engine. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 12

Lighting:

Lighting In every part of a factory where workers are working there shall be provided sufficient and suitable lighting. All glazed windows and skylights used for the lighting of the workrooms shall be kept clean. The government may prescribe standards of sufficient and suitable lighting for factories or for any manufacturing process. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 13

Drinking water:

Drinking water (1) In every factory, effective arrangements shall be made to provide and maintain at a suitable points for supply of wholesome drinking water. (2) In every factory, wherein more than two hundred workers are employed, provisions shall be made for cooling drinking water during hot weather . 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 14

Latrines and urinals:

Latrines and urinals ( 1) Separate Latrines and urinals for male and female workers. provide adequately lighted and ventilated system; All such place shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary conditions at all times; Sweepers shall be employed whose primary duty would be to keep clean latrines and urinals. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 15

Spittoons :

Spittoons (1) In every factory, there shall be provided a sufficient number of spittoons in suitable places and maintained in a clean and hygienic condition. (2 )The State Government may make rules prescribing the type and numbers of spittoons to be provided in any factory and maintenance in a clean and hygienic condition. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 16

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4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 17 Safety

CONTENTS :

CONTENTS 1. Employment of young persons on dangerous machine 2. Striking gear and devices for cutting off power 3. Casing of new machinery 4. Hoists and lifts 5. Protection of eyes 6. Precautions against dangerous fumes, gases, etc 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 18

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Continue .. 7.Precautions regarding the use of portable electric light 8.Precautions in case of fire 9.Test of stability 10. Safety of buildings and machinery 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 19

Employment of young persons on dangerous machines:

Employment of young persons on dangerous machines No young person shall work on any dangerous machinery except fully instructed and received sufficient training in work at the machine, or is under adequate supervision by a person who has knowledge and experience of the machine . 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 20

Striking gear and devices for cutting off power:

Striking gear and devices for cutting off power (1) In every factory- Suitable striking gear to be provided and maintained and used to move driving belts shall be fast and loose pulleys which form part of the transmission machinery, and such gear or appliances shall be constructed, placed and maintained as to prevent the belt from creeping back on to the fast pulley. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 21

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Continue .. (2) In every factory suitable devices for cutting off power in emergencies shall be provided and maintained in every workroom . Locking device to prevent accidental starting. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 22

Casing of new machinery:

Casing of new machinery (1) In all machinery driven by power :- (a) Screw, bolt or key on any revolving shaft, spindle, wheel shall be encased(enclosed) or otherwise effectively guarded as to prevent danger, 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 23

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Continue .. (b) all spur, worm and other toothed or friction gearing which does not require frequent adjustment while in motion shall be completely encased. ( 2 )The State Government may make rules specifying further safeguards to be provided in respect of any dangerous part of any particular machine or class of machines . 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 24

Hoists and lifts:

Hoists and lifts (1) In every factory :- (a)Hoists and lifts to be good mechanical construction and properly maintained / examined by a capable person at least once in every period of six months. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 25

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Continue.. (b)Every hoist way and lift way shall be protected by an enclosure fitted with gates and the hoist or lift and every such enclosure shall be constructed as to prevent any person or things from being trapped between part of them. (c) The cage of every hoist or lift used for carrying persons shall be fitted with a gate on each side from which access is afforded to a landing; 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 26

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Continue .. ( 2) The following additional requirements shall apply to hoists and lifts used for carrying persons and installed or reconstructed in a factory after the initiation of this Act, (a)Efficient devices shall be provided and maintained capable of supporting the cage together with its maximum load in the event of breakage of the ropes, chains and attachments; 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 27

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Continue .. (b)where the cage is supported by rope or chain, there shall be at least two ropes or chains connected with the cage and balance weight, and rope or chain with its attachments shall be capable of carrying the whole weight of the cage together with its maximum load; 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 28

Protection of eyes:

Protection of eyes In any factory as may be prescribed, being a process which involves :- (a) risk of injury to the eye from particles or fragments thrown off in the course of the process. (b) risk to the eyes by reason of exposure to excessive light, the State Government may by rules require that effective screens or suitable goggles shall be provided for the protection of eye. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 29

Precautions against dangerous fumes, gases…:

Precautions against dangerous fumes, gases … No person shall be required or allowed to enter any chamber, tank, vat , pipe , or other restricted space in any factory in which any gas, fume, vapour or dust is likely to be present to such a level as to involve risk to persons. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 30

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Continue .. Risk to the eyes by reason of exposure to excessive fumes and gases , the State Government may by rules require that effective screens or suitable goggles shall be provided for the protection of persons employ . 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 31

Precautions regarding the use of portable electric light:

Precautions regarding the use of portable electric light (a) No moveable electric light or any other electric appliance of voltage exceeding twenty-four volts shall be permitted for use inside any chamber, tank, vat, pipe, or other confined space; and (b)If any inflammable gas, fume or dust is likely to be present in such chamber, tank, vat, pipe, flue or other confined space, no lamp or light other than that of fire-proof construction shall be permitted to use. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 32

Precautions in case of fire:

Precautions in case of fire (1) In every factory, all practicable measures shall be taken to prevent outburst of fire and its spread , both internally and externally, and to provide and maintain – The necessary equipment and facilities for extinguishing fire. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 33

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Continue .. (2) Effective measures shall be taken to ensure that in every factory all the workers are familiar with the means of escape in case of fire and have been adequately trained in the routinely. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 34

Power to require specifications of defective parts or tests of stability:

Power to require specifications of defective parts or tests of stability If it appears to the Inspector that any building or part of a building or any part of the ways, machinery or plant in a factory is in such a condition that it may be dangerous to human life or safety. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 35

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Continue .. To provide such drawings, specifications and other particulars as may be necessary to determine whether such buildings, ways, machinery or plant can be used with safety, or To carry out such tests in such manner as may be specified in the order, and to inform the Inspector . 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 36

Safety of buildings and machinery:

Safety of buildings and machinery If it appears to the Inspector that the use of any building or part of a building or any part of machinery or plant in a factory involves danger to human life or safety, he may serve on the occupier or manager or both of the factory an order in writing prohibiting its use until it has been properly repaired or altered. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 37

Safety Officers:

Safety Officers (1) In every factory :- Where 1000 or more workers are employed and the operation carried out which involves risk, injury, poisoning or disease the occupier shall employ safety officer. ( 2 )The duties, qualifications and conditions of service of Safety Officers shall be such as may be prescribed by the State government. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 38

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Sub part of safety Provisions relating hazardous processes 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 39

CONTENTS:

CONTENTS Constitution of Site Appraisal Committees Compulsory disclosure of information by the occupier Power of Central Governments to appoint Inquiry Committee Emergency standards Permissible limits of exposure of chemical and toxic substances Worker's participation in safety management 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 40

Constitution of Site Appraisal Committees:

Constitution of Site Appraisal Committees Applications for grant of permission for the location of a factory involving a hazardous process, a Site Appraisal Committee is appointed. The Site Appraisal Committee shall have power to call for any information from the person making an application for the establishment or expansion of a factory involving a hazardous process. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 41

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Continue .. The Site Appraisal Committee shall examine an application for the establishment of a factory involving hazardous process. Any process relates to controlled by the Central Government or to a corporation or a company. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 42

Compulsory disclosure of information by the occupier:

Compulsory disclosure of information by the occupier Registering the factory involving a hazardous process lay down a detailed policy with respect to the health and safety of the workers. Every factory involving a hazardous process shall expose in the manner prescribing all information regarding dangers, including health hazards. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 43

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Continue .. Factory engaged in a hazardous process on the beginning of the Factories Act, 1987 within a period of thirty days of such commencement, every occupier of a factory shall inform the Chief Inspector, the nature and details of the process in such a form and in such a manner as may be prescribed. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 44

Power of Central Governments to appoint Inquiry Committee :

Power of Central Governments to appoint Inquiry Committee The Central Government may ,in the event of the occurrence involving a factory engaged in a hazardous process , appoint an Inquiry Committee to inquire into the standards of health and safety observed in the factory. The recommendation of the Committee shall be advisory in nature. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 45

Emergency standards :

Emergency standards Where the Central Government is satisfied that no standards of safety have been prescribed in respect of a hazardous process or class of hazardous processes, it may direct the Director-General of Factory Advice Service and Labour Institutes. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 46

Permissible limits of exposure of chemical and toxic substances :

Permissible limits of exposure of chemical and toxic substances The maximum permissible threshold limits of exposure of chemical and toxic substances in manufacturing processes (whether hazardous or otherwise)in any factory shall be indicated in Schedule. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 47

Workers participation in safety management:

Workers participation in safety management In every factory where a hazardous substances are used or handled, a Safety Committee consisting of equal number of representatives of workers and management to promote cooperation between the workers and the management in maintaining safety and health. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 48

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Safety in Pharmaceutical industry 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 49

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Continue .. For estimation of safety aspects , the following steps are : - (1) Source of hazard (2) Type of hazard (3) Control procedure (4) Contingency plan 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 50

sources of hazard:

sources of hazard Handling of inflammable and combustible raw materials Handling of compressed gases. Handling and processing of toxic substance Handling of corrosive substances Handling of oxidising substances Handling of dust-producing equipment and also dust Handling of boiler 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 51

Types of hazards :

Types of hazards Electrical shock Injury and death Fire Chemical burn Infection Intoxication 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 52

Control Procedure :

Control Procedure In pharmaceutical industry the manufacturing control procedures are prescribed as per the provision of Schedule M of the Drugs & Cosmetic . The provisions of Good Manufacturing practices and Good Laboratory Practices are adopted total aspects of the factory i.e. building, plant set-up, personnel, Quality assurance, manufacturing control procedures, documentation etc. which certainly provide safe work environment. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 53

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Continue .. For ensuring total safe work environment and to prevent accident, the under mentioned control procedures may be adopted. (a) Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) (b) Monitoring (c) Safety Audit (d) Risk Analysis (e) Preventive Maintenance 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 54

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Continue .. (a)Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) :- In the pharma-industry SOP is prepared in more elaborate manner for manufacture of each formulation. The SOP complete in all respects, ensures total safety in Pharmaceutical industry. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 55

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Continue .. (b)Monitoring :- It is essential to monitor each & every operation for getting success. Hence all the processes & safety aspects must be monitored. (c)Safety Audit :- Audit is an essential step to check the application of systems in true manner. Hence safety audit is to be done at regular interval so as to ensure the following-up of SOP with parameters, critical points, safety aspects and all steps for prevention of accidents. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 56

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Continue .. (d)Risk Analysis :- Analysis in systemic manner by considering all aspects covering men, machine, processing, activities, building and all events including hazard due to human error or failure of any of the operation or tool. (e)Preventive maintenance :- Several accidents are avoidable by taking precautions and timely maintenance of machineries, building, pipelines etc. So effective maintenance programme will certainly eliminate accident. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 57

Contingency Plan :

Contingency Plan Each industry has to formulate an on-site "Emergency Management Plan“. It should contain in detail the problem, rapid control, action to prevent from further growth, and all control procedures. Five essential step for ensuring accident free as well as safe environment: 1.source of possible hazards 4.preventive measures 2.risk analysis 5.contingency plan 3.control procedures And also documentation. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 58

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4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 59 Welfare

CONTENTS:

CONTENTS Washing facilities Facilities for storing and drying clothing Facilities for sitting First-aid appliances Canteens Shelters, rest-rooms and lunch-rooms Welfare Officers 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 60

Washing facilities :

Washing facilities (1) In every factory , Adequate and suitable facilities for washing shall be provided and maintained for use of the workers. Separate and adequately facilities shall be provided for the use of male and female workers; Such facilities shall be kept clean. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 61

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Continue .. ( 2) The State Government, in respect of any factory or class or description of factories or any manufacturing process, prescribe standards of adequate and suitable facilities for washing. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 62

Facilities for storing and drying clothing:

Facilities for storing and drying clothing The State Government may, in respect of any factories or class or description  of  factories, make rules requiring suitable  places for keeping clothing and the  drying  of  wet clothing. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 63

Facilities for sitting :

Facilities for sitting In every factory, suitable arrangements for sitting shall be provided and maintained for all workers grateful to work in a standing position, in order that they may take advantage of any opportunities for rest . 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 64

First-aid appliances :

First-aid appliances (1 )In every factory to be provided and maintained first-aid boxes or cupboards equipped with the prescribed contents, and the number of such boxes or cupboards to be provided and maintained. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 65

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Continue .. (2) Each first-aid box or cupboard shall be kept in the charge of a separate responsible person and who shall always be readily available during the working hours of the factory. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 66

Canteens:

Canteens ( 1 ) The State Government may make rules requiring that in factory where more than two hundred and fifty workers are ordinarily employed, a canteen or canteens shall be provided and maintained by the occupier for the use of the workers. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 67

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Continue .. ( 2) Without justice in the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for , The standards in respect of construction, accommodation, furniture and other equipment of the canteen; 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 68

Shelters, rest-rooms and lunch-rooms :

Shelters, rest-rooms and lunch-rooms (1) In every factory wherein more than two hundred and fifty workers are ordinarily employed adequate and suitable shelters or rest-rooms and a suitable lunch- room, with provision for drinking water, where workers can eat meals brought by them, shall be provided and maintained for the use of the workers . 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 69

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Continue .. (2) The Shelters or rest-room or lunch-rooms shall be ventilated and shall be maintained in a cool and clean condition. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 70

Welfare Officers:

Welfare Officers (1) In every factory wherein five hundred or more workers are employed, such number of welfare officers as may be prescribed. (2) The Government may prescribe the duties , qualifications and conditions of service of officers employed under sub-section. 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 71

References:

References http://labour.delhigovt.nic.in www.citehr.com Pharmaceutical Jurisprudence; 5 th edition; Atul prakashan; Dr.G.K.Jani ; page no 200-209. www.pharmabiz.com 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 72

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THANK YOU … 4/26/2011 QUALITY ASSURANCE, SJTPC,RAJKOT. 73