Program and Projects Implementation

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By: Policarpio Rubia Malonda LGU SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROGRAMS: IMPACT ON LOCAL DEVELOPMENT

Livelihood Programs : 

Livelihood Programs

Livelihood Programs : 

Livelihood Programs

Agriculture : 

Agriculture

Tourism : 

Tourism

Tourism : 

Tourism

Social Services : 

Social Services

Social Services- Non Formal Education : 

Social Services- Non Formal Education

Social Services- Non Formal Education : 

Social Services- Non Formal Education

Infrastructure Development : 

Infrastructure Development

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION : 

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

Over the years programs and projects has been used increasingly in the developing countries as measures to hasten the process of socio-economic development. In the Philippines this programs and projects are included in the long, medium and short term development plans. This was formulated with the primary objective of providing direction for total growth and development of the area through the sensible allocation and maximum utilization of the available scare resources. : 

Over the years programs and projects has been used increasingly in the developing countries as measures to hasten the process of socio-economic development. In the Philippines this programs and projects are included in the long, medium and short term development plans. This was formulated with the primary objective of providing direction for total growth and development of the area through the sensible allocation and maximum utilization of the available scare resources. Introduction

Arias and Berg (1995) described development as a total process which includes economic, social , political, and cultural aspect. An ethical dimension has also been added to the concept of development. This mean that development entails quality as we as quantity of life. Thus, numerous developmental programs and projects geared primarily toward development had been introduced and undertaken both by the national and local government. : 

Arias and Berg (1995) described development as a total process which includes economic, social , political, and cultural aspect. An ethical dimension has also been added to the concept of development. This mean that development entails quality as we as quantity of life. Thus, numerous developmental programs and projects geared primarily toward development had been introduced and undertaken both by the national and local government. Introduction

The Municipality of Tigaon is located in the eastern part of the province of Camarines Sur with a total land area of 10,988 hectares. It is 44 kilometers northeast of Naga City and 492 kilometers south of Manila. Composed of 23 barangays with a total of 43,652 (2003) individuals or 9,145 peace loving households. Tigaon have a mission to deliver prompt and efficient service to satisfy the basic needs of the people by maximizing productivity, encourage tax consciousness, promote and develop agri-business, enhance livelihood projects, undertake physical development, harness tourist spots, improve economic enterprises and motivate active participation of the government and private sector. : 

The Municipality of Tigaon is located in the eastern part of the province of Camarines Sur with a total land area of 10,988 hectares. It is 44 kilometers northeast of Naga City and 492 kilometers south of Manila. Composed of 23 barangays with a total of 43,652 (2003) individuals or 9,145 peace loving households. Tigaon have a mission to deliver prompt and efficient service to satisfy the basic needs of the people by maximizing productivity, encourage tax consciousness, promote and develop agri-business, enhance livelihood projects, undertake physical development, harness tourist spots, improve economic enterprises and motivate active participation of the government and private sector. Introduction

This study aimed to determine the impact of LGU socio-economic programs/projects on local development, CY 2001-2004, Tigaon, Camarines Sur, Philippines.Specifically it seeks to answer the following questions:1. What economic programs/projects are implemented along livelihood support, infrastructure development and environment protection?2. What is the extent of implementation of these socio-economic programs/projects along: policy formulation and enforcement, revenue generation, employment and/or job generation/creation? : 

This study aimed to determine the impact of LGU socio-economic programs/projects on local development, CY 2001-2004, Tigaon, Camarines Sur, Philippines.Specifically it seeks to answer the following questions:1. What economic programs/projects are implemented along livelihood support, infrastructure development and environment protection?2. What is the extent of implementation of these socio-economic programs/projects along: policy formulation and enforcement, revenue generation, employment and/or job generation/creation? Statement of the Problem

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Statement of the Problem 3.What is the impact of the socio-economic programs/projects to local development in terms of: health and nutrition, family income, pre and basic education, work values and attitudes and physical and/or aesthetic effects? 4. What external and internal factors affect the extent of implementation and impact of these socio-economic programs/projects?

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Statement of the Problem 5. Is there a significant correlation between the extent of implementation and impact of these LGU socio-economic programs/projects?

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Scope and Delimitation This study focused mainly on the economic programs/projects implemented by the Local Government of Tigaon along, livelihood support, infrastructure development and environment protection for calendar year 2001-2004. Which were primarily funded or charged to the development fund. These programs/projects were identified within the 23 barangays of the municipality of Tigaon.

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Theoretical Framework *Myrdal (1987) believes that economic progress is a very essential component of development although non-economic factors such as values, attitudes, institutions and policies are just as important *Local Government Code (1991) *Keynesian Theory (1989) *System Approach (Davis, 1993)

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Conceptual Framework Economic Programs/Projects A. Livelihood Support B. Infrastructure Development C. Environmental Protection Extent of Implementation A. Policy Formulation/ Enforcement B. Revenue Generation C. Employment and/or Job Generation/ Creation Impact on Local Development A. Health and Nutrition B. Family Income C. Pre and Basic Education D. Work Attitudes E. Physical and Aesthetic Effects LGU Socio-Economic Programs: Impact on Local Development A. Significant Correlation between extent of implementation and Impact B. Internal and External Factors affecting Implementation and Impact

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Assumptions 1.There are economic programs that are geared toward local development. 2. The LGU has the capacity to carry out these socio-economic programs. 3. These programs will promote socio-economic development on the locality. 4. Some internal and external factors affect program implementation.

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Hypothesis There is no significant correlation between the extent of implementation and impact of LGU socio-economic program/projects.

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Methodology The descriptive-correlational method of research was used by the researcher for it could give a thorough analysis of the problems under study

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Population 100 implementors which includes the municipal officials and employees, barangay officials, teachers and health workers and 383 beneficiaries,a total of 483 respondents. The foregoing sample size of the respondents were computed using purposive sampling and stratified sampling technique at 5% margin on error respectively.

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Instrument The major data-gathering instrument used in this study is the questionnaire-checklist composed of two parts, namely: Part 1n which contained the profile of the respondents such as sex, age, civil status, educational attainments and occupation; Part II, the questionnaire proper which was divided into three sections: section 1, solicited for the answers on the extent of implementation of LGU socio-economic programs/projects along policy formulation and enforcement, revenue generation and employment and/or job generation/creation

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Instrument Section 2; contained the question on the degree of Impact to local development; and section 3 where the perceived factors that affect the implementation of the LGU socio-economic programs/projects was prepared to gather information about the extent of implementation of these LGU socio-economic programs/projects along the following aspect: 1)Policy Formulation and Enforcement, 2)revenue generation 3) Employment and/or job generation/creation.

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Statistical Treatment 1. Frequency Count, percentage and ranking technique was used to analyze and interpret the preliminary data concerning the personal and professional profile of the respondents. 2. Mean and Weighted Mean was used to determine the quantitative measure of the extent of implementation and its impact on local development. 3. Chi-Square Test was used to test the significant correlation between extent of implementation and impact of LGU socio-economic programs/projects on local development.

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Findings What economic programs/projects are implemented along livelihood support, infrastructure development and environmental protection? The total budgetary allocations for the LGU socio-economic programs/projects was PPh 22,924,193.92. The greatest budgetary allocations which is 74% goes to infrastructure development with the total of PPh 16,970,693.72; it was followed by livelihood programs and projects amounting to PPh 4,300,000.00 or 19% with a rank of 2nd; while the programs and projects given the least appropriation was on environmental protection, PPh 1,653,500.20 or 7%.

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Conclusions Infrastructure development is one of the major programs where huge capital outlay is heavily invested. This investment answer for the access and linkage of the rural dwellers to urban center and transport of produce from farm to market through better roads, highways and bridges which are considered arteries of development. The concern of the government to promote educational opportunities and enhance intellectual growth led to the construction of schools and academic buildings as well as water system for the promotion of hygiene and sanitation. All these projects are very essential components of development towards the attainment and sustenance for an improved quality life

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Recommendation There must be an integrative and interdisciplinary analysis of the different sectors of the society as the basis for the formulation and implementation of developmental plans, programs and projects that could lead to a more sustainable social and economic development. 2. The municipality should prioritized projects that will provide jobs for many people. Of equal importance is the creation of functional cooperative and assistance to small and medium scaled industries. 3. Enhance and improve the present cottage industries through the establishment and strengthening of cooperative on marketing and production also by giving them technical and credit assistance.

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Findings What is the extent of implementation of these socio-economic programs/projects along: policy formulation and enforcement, revenue generation, employment and/or job generation/creation? On policy formulation and enforcement, the implementors always manifest the implementation of the socio-economic programs/projects along the following aspect: formulate economic development plans and policies and formulate comprehensive multi-sectoral development plan approve by the local legislative body. 2. As to revenue generation the following were rated to be always manifested: imposed austerity measures on the use of personal services, utilities and office supplies, intensify collection of taxes, fees and other charged and industrialized the agricultural sector and other “Traditional industries”

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Conclusion Only sometimes the implementors manifest the implementation of socio-economic programs/projects along; policy formulation and enforcement, revenue generation and employment and/or job generation/creation

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Recommendations There is a need for further improvement of LGU implementation on socio-economic programs/projects along: policy formulation and enforcement, revenue generation and employment and/or job generation/creation. Perhaps the creation, adoption and implementation of sufficient resolutions and ordinances which are pro-active to socio-economic development of the municipality must be given an attention.

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Findings What is the impact of these socio-economic programs/projects to local development in terms of health and nutrition, family income, pre and basic education, work values and attitudes and physical and/or aesthetic effect? 1. On the impact in terms of health and nutrition, the implementation of the LGU socio-economic programs and projects provided strong impact to the following health and nutrition parameters; outbreak of communicable disease had been controlled and minimized, decrease the mortality rate and decrease the number of dog bite incidents. Availability of free medicines and medical supplies and the issue that newborns are within the normal birth weight were rated by them to be of moderate impact.

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Findings 2. In terms of family income, both the implementers and beneficiaries unanimously agreed that the implementation of the LGU socio-economic programs and projects provided weak impact to the following family income parameters: contributes to employment generation, uplifted the social status of the community, improved economic conditions, employment of heads of the family and family income are above the substance threshold level. 3. For Pre and Basic Education strong impact rating was given by them concerning the fact that it could led to the establishment of educational institution in the area. Moderate impact was noted on: reduced the cost of education because the accessibility of the student to school, gives out of school youth the opportunities to study and family members 10 years old and above are able to read and write and so simple computations. Strong impact was given by them to the parameters concerning the fact that it could led to the establishment of educational institution in the area. While improvement of quality of education because teachers and students are always present in the school was rated with weak impact.

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Conclusions The impact of the LGU socio-economic programs/projects to local development in terms of health and nutrition and physical and/or aesthetic effect were strong. 2. The impact on pre and basic education and work values and attitudes have a moderate impact while the impact on family income was weak

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Recommendations Maintain the health and nutrition services provided on the educational program to reach the maximum number of the population especially the low-income families. 2. Improve the general health condition of the residents through the provisions of adequate preventive and rehabilitative service. 3. Continuous implementation of non-formal education to increase opportunities for self-employment and for indigents adults to upgrade their capabilities. 4. Promote more of income generating projects and extension of technical, financial and marketing assistance to these projects must be one of the priorities of the local government.

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Findings What internal and External factors affect the extent of implementation and impact of these socio-economic programs/projects The two groups unanimously agreed on very strong internal factors affecting the implementation these are; availability of funds, political intervention and character traits of the people. 2. They also agreed that the following external factors have a very strong effect these are; support of the barangays, prevailing economic condition of the locality and willingness if the people to participate.

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Conclusions The availability of funds, political intervention political will and character traits of the people adversely affect the implementation of LGU socio-economic programs/projects. 2. External factors having very strong effect in the implementation of the LGU socio-economic programs/projects are as follows: support of the barangays in the programs, prevailing economic condition in the locality and willingness of the people to participate.

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Recommendations There should be a better communication between the LGU and the people of the community. There should be less politics, less talks and more action and maximized the implementation of policies and laws relevant to social and economic services. 2. The administration and implementation of all government programs/projects will necessitate the active involvement of both local and line agencies in Tigaon, especially in planning and programming the budgetary aspect of the activities in the municipality. This would ensure that the needed funds for implementation are available.

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Findings Is there a significant correlation between the extent of implementation and impact of these LGU socio-economic programs/projects? At 16 degree of freedom and 5% level of significance it resulted to the rejection of null hypothesis except for the two sets of correlated variables which were found to be insignificant. There was marked or substantial relationship on the following correlated variables; policy formulation and enforcement versus health and nutrition, Policy formulation and enforcement versus pre and basic education, policy formulation and enforcement work values and attitudes and policy formulation and enforcement versus physical and/or aesthetic effect, which c-value of 0.57, 0.49, 0.50 and 0.57 respectively

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Conclusions That there was no significant relationship between policy formulation and enforcement, revenue generation, employment and/or job generation creation, and family income. 2. That generally the extent of implementation of the LGU livelihood support, infrastructure development and environmental protection provided significant impact to health and nutrition, pre and basic education, work values and attitudes and physical and/or aesthetic effect but the impact tend to be insignificant to family income.

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Recommendations Enhance and improve the present livelihood programs/projects. 2. Promotion of more income-generating programs/projects and extensions of technical, financial and marketing assistance to these projects to create more local employment and increase the opportunity for job generation and creation. 3. Develop more tourism potential area to generate additional income and stimulate economic activities. This will provide additional income for local tour operators and additional sales to local business establishment.

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Thank You Very Much!!!!!!!!!