Bamboo an Introduction

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AN INTRODUCTION OF BAMBOO BY P.N.MISHRA ADDITIONAL D.F.O. FOREST DEPT. M.P. INDIA

Comments

By: nandhag (52 month(s) ago)

it is an useful information

By: dr.bamboo (52 month(s) ago)

Dear Mr.P.N.Mishra, To calculate carbon sequestration through your Bamboo plantations, please collect following information 1. The bamboo sp. And no of plants planted in each sp. 2. The genetic age of the bamboo or next possible time of flowering 3. Present age of the plant in the plantation 4. Dry weight of bamboo above the ground such as culm weight, branch weight, leaf weight. 5. Dry weight of bamboo below the ground such as rhizome weight, root weight 6. Annual increase in dry wt of bamboo With the above information I can calculate the carbon sequestration Dr Barathi, Growmore Biotech

By: dr.bamboo (52 month(s) ago)

Dear Mr.P.N.Mishra, I saw your presentation in the net on "BAMBOO - AN INTRODUCTION" for the bamboo year 2010 targetting 10Million bamboo seedling to be planted by July by the Forest Department of MP, Govt. of India. I am extremely happy to read your presentation and see the committment your overnment has and my congratulation for the best presentation you have made on bamboo. Planting 10M bamboo would cover 62,500 acres and if this is planted and taken care well it would sequester 5 million tons of carbon every year, which will be about 20% of the present emission of M.P. Wish you all the success for the implementation of the project. Dr.N.BARATHI Scientist GROWMORE BIOTECH LTD.,

By: pnmishra11 (52 month(s) ago)

thanks, i would like to get in touch with you. now in july from 1st to 15 th, we are totally indulged in bamboo polyplant planting. we grew bamboo plants through rhizomes ourselves at forest department nurseries spread over all of M.P. i want your help in calculating carbon sequestration through these plantations. please send your valuable suggestions at pnmishra11@yahoo.com.

 

By: pnmishra11 (56 month(s) ago)

please let me know your field of study and your works.we may share useful informations.this is a good plateform.

By: pnmishra11 (56 month(s) ago)

ok

Presentation Transcript

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BAMBOO : An Introduction BAMBOO YEAR 2010 TARGETTING 10 MILLIONS BAMBOO SAPLINGS TO BE PLANTED IN JULY ---BY FOREST DEPARTMENT M.P.GOVERNMENT, INDIA PRESENTATION BY- P.N.MISHRA ADDL.D.F.O. SAUSAR CHHINDWADA M.P. INDIA

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…Tribe -- Bambuseae …Family -- Gramineae …30 Genera & 550 Species … IN Asia 320 Species …In South America 179 Species …In India 136 Species BAMBOO

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BAMBOO IN INDIA India has the world`s highest resource of bamboo. About 136 Bamboo species in 36 genera found in India. North east India holds the largest stock and diversity of Bamboos

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Distribution Soil and Site Features of some Bamboos in India

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Distribution Soil and Site Features of some Bamboos in India

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Distribution Soil and Site Features of some Bamboos in India

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Distribution Soil and Site Features of some Bamboos in India

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Distribution Soil and Site Features of some Bamboos in India

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WHY BAMBOO ? Bamboo is a plant of tropical or sub tropical regions. Hollow and woody. With prominent knots. Rapid growth. Can reach up to 40 m in height Multipurpose use, fast growth easy propagation, soil binding properties, short gestation period. Every part of bamboo gets utilized

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Why Bamboo It has got a fibrous structure and the fibers are longer as compared to woods. The strength properties are better than many timber species. The circular and hollow cross-section of bamboo give it a high strength weight ratio. Bamboo is elastic in comparison to wood. The cross partition wall at each node make the bamboo strong and hard to bend or break at joints.

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Why Bamboo It has a smooth and clean surface. It can be easily cut into required size and split-up into strips and house hold tools. Bamboo culms can easily be stored and transported. Growth is faster and matures within 3 years.

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SALIENT FEATURES Fast growing Renewable Resource. Environment Friendly. Source of Livelihood. Source of Green Power.

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THE WORLD OF BAMBOO A group of tall arborescent grasses. Play vital role in the economy of the world. Intimately linked with the socio-economic development of rural communities. Eco friendly raw material capable of meeting multifarious needs of the people at large.

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THE WORLD OF BAMBOO “Poor man`s timber” is getting status of “the timber of 21 st century. “Poor man timber” to common man timber”. Environmental protection, nutrient food, high value construction material, paper & pulp industries, furniture, Agarbatti sticks, mats, fencing,

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Botany of Bamboo Morphology Rhizome Culm sheath Branching Flowering of Bamboo Fruit and seeds Propagation of Bamboo .

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Morphology Complex, woody stemmed perennial grass belonging to family gramineae. The portion of bamboo below the ground level is called rhizome which forms the vital source of its perennial growth. Roots are produced by rhizome also extend upto lower nodes of the stem that are below the soil. The culms and branches during their initial growth are protected with the sheath.

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Bamboo Bamboo Plant Leafy aerial part (the culm) Under ground parts (2) Root (3) Rhizome ckal dh o`f) ds fy;s lHkh lajpukvksa dk fodkl gksuk vko’;d gSaA

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A - Parent rhizome bearing one season old culm (k) B & C - The new rhizome developing from parent rhizomes (A) D & E - Buds on the parent rhizome which have failed to form new rhizome. Bamboo

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Rhizome The rhizome spreads horizontally beneath the soil and produces both roots and shoots from its nodes. The two broad types of rhizomes sympodial and monopodial

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Bamboos

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Phyllotachys bamboosoides melocanna sp.

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Bambusa arundinacea Dendrocalamus strictus

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dinocloa species

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Sympodial Rhizomes Sympodial rhizomes grow in cluster and form clump by producing buds from their nodes at short intervals in different direction. The bamboo produced from this type of rhizome is thick and strong Most of the Indian bamboos have sympodial rhizome.

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Monopodial Rhizomes monopodial rhizomes continue to grow horizontally and produce buds at long intervals and hence do not form clumps.

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Bamboos

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Rhizome Buds New buds are produced from the youngest (one year old) rhizomes. Two kinds of buds are produced by rhizome is the SCALY POINTED BUDS & the FLAT BUDS. The Scaly Pointed Bud develops into new rhizome below the ground & the Flat bud grows above the ground to form culm.

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Growth of Rhizome Adequate soil cover over the base of the clump. Exposure to Sunlight stops the growth of rhizome.

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Culms The buds from the rhizomes, which grow above ground are called culm or stem. These are hollow (Some times solid) cylindrical, jointed and tapering upwards

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Nodes The joints of culms are called nodes from where the branches and leaves spread.

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Sheath During young stage the culm are covered with sheath at each internode which falls off as the bamboo grows.

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Culm sheath Culm sheaths are modified leaves. Arranged alternatively on opposite sides of the growing culm. Providing protective cover for the young shoots. Sheath is attached to the nodes

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Branching Branches emerge from the nodes and arranged on alternate side of the culm.

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Flowering of Bamboo Like other plants, bamboo does not flower annually. Flowering and fruiting occurs only once during the lifetime at certain age of the clum after which it dies. Flowering cycle – 7 yrs to 60 yrs. 2 different types of flowring * Sporadic * Gregarious

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Fruit and Seeds Bambusa_arundinacea seeds Dendrocalamus_strictus seeds flowering bamboo

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Bamboo Propagation Reproductive methods Rhizomes Vegetative methods Through seeds Through Vegetative parts Culms Branches

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Seed Propagation If the seeds are available, this is the best method of bamboo propagation since clump age would be known at the initial stage of its life.

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Seed Propagation Collection of Seed – from sporadic or gregarious flowered area. Sowing of Seed – in mother beds. Seed Sowing time – Sept. – Oct. Light straw cover to be provided for 2-3 days to enhance the germination.

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Seed Propagation Germination – Starts between 4-10 days after sowing. After a month (in Nov-Dec.) Seedlings can be transplanted to poly pots filled with soil mixture. Maintenance for one year before planting.

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Vegetative Propagation OFFSET METHOD Two node cutting method CULM CUTTINGS Rhizomes (from healthy mother clump) One node cutting method Lower part (basal portion of single culm (1-2 yrs old)

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Vegetative Propagation Use of rhizome offsets and culm offsets. Lower part (basal portion) of a single culm (preferable one to two year old) cut to contain 3 to 5 nodes. Culm is cut an a slanting direction. The rhizome with well developed buds cut at the rhizome neck from the parent clump. Offset Method

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Vegetative Propagation The offsets should be extracted from a healthy mother clump. Once the offset has been extracted the rhizome portion should be wrapped in wet sack to prevent dying up. The slant cut of the culm should be sealed with earth or mud. Offset Method

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Vegetative Propagation The Propagation material consits of culm cutting with two nodes, one full inter node and open inter node The material is prepared as follow’s :- The cutting should be obtained from a culm of about 1½ to 2 years old. The open internode (the next upper internode should be kept long as possible by cutting the next upper internode close to the third node portion of the culm. Culm Cutting

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Vegetative Propagation As much as possible, the basal portion of branches should remain at the nodes pruned to about 10 to 30 cm. The existing buds should be healthy and not injured. Once the cutting has been prepared wrap the segments with moist saw dust or coconut husk to minimize water lods from cut ends. Culm Cutting

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Vegetative Propagation The cutting or Propagules should be potted immediatly after having them prepared though culm/branch cutting/root propagules . Poly bags to be filled with loamy soil with high organic matter and sand content. Common sizes of poly bags. For rhizome seedling – 25 cm X 15 cm For culm cutting – 30 cm X 25 cm For branch cutting – 25 cm X 20 cm Culm Cutting – Potting Procedure

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Maintenance Watering – at regular intervals Fertilization – Every three months after planting (NPK) Protection – against animats, insects, fire, rodents & termites

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USAGES Structural House resort Rural housing Composites Bamboo particle board Bamboo mat

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USAGES Utility Products Bamboo furniture Bamboo toothpicks Bamboo incence (Agarbatti) stick Handicrafts Food – Bamboo shoots

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12 THANKS ANY QUARRY OR SUGGESTION WELCOME AT pnmishra11@yahoo.com, sdosousar@rediffmail.com