commands Review

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Commands:

Commands Spanish IV

Slide2:

A command is when we tell someone else what to do. We can command YOU (singular and plural) and We in the sense of Let´s . We are not studying vosotros commands so that means there are 8 commands to learn . Tú affirmative and negative Usted affirmative and negative Ustedes affirmative and negative Nosotros affirmative and negative You will be pleased to know that you already know them

Slide3:

Seven of the 8 forms are the same as the present subjunctive ( all except tú affirmative ). Remember they are formed the same but not used the same . Tú affirmative is the same as the 3 rd person singular present indicative (he- She form of the regular present tense. Before doing commands, let´s review formation of the subjunctive

Formation of the present subjunctive:

Formation of the present subjunctive To form the present subjunctive, take the YO form of the present indicative, drop the –o, and add opposite endings Ar verbs get er endings Er and Ir verbs get ar endings hablar Comer vivir hable hablemos coma comamos viva vivamos hables habléis comas comáis vivas viváis hable hablen coma coman viva vivan

Formation of Subj. cont. :

Formation of Subj. cont. You may be asking why we use the Yo stem instead of the infinitive- Think about yo go verbs Tener Decir Conocer tenga tengamos diga digamos conozca conozcamos tengas tengáis digas digáis conozcas conozc áis tenga tengan diga digan conozca conozcan

Slide6:

Now back to commands- remember we have 8 forms, 4 affirmative, 4 negative Affirmataive Negative Hablemos nosotros No hablemos nosotros Habla t ú * No hables t ú Hable Ud . Hablen Uds . No hable Ud . No hablen Uds . * 3 rd person singular present tense (he –she of the regular present

Slide7:

Let ´s do a verb with an irregular Yo form conocer Affirmative Negative Conozcamos nosotros No conozcamos nosotros Conoce t ú * No conozcas t ú Conozca Ud . Conozcan Uds No conozca Ud . No conozcan Uds * 3 rd person singular present indicative ( he-she of the regular present tense)

Slide8:

One last thing. There are a group of irregular t ú affirmative commands. Only the affirmative is irregular and these are only for command- not the subjunctive Irregular tú commands Verb Affirmative negative decir Di t ú No digas t ú ir V e tú No vayas t ú salir Sal t ú No salgas t ú poner Pon t ú No pongas t ú hacer Haz t ú No hagas t ú venir Ven t ú No vengas t ú tener Ten t ú No tengas t ú ser S é tú No seas t ú

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