Pupin 2013

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Pupin NASA founder:

Pupin NASA founder Petar Kocovic July 10 , 201 3 Gradjevinski fakultet , Beograd

Michael Pupin:

Michael Pupin Serbian: Mihajlo Pupin Born: October 4th, 1854, Idvor , Austro Hungarian Empire Dead: March 12, 1935, New York, USA Number of patents: 34

PIVOTAL point 1900 – PupIn, father of Long distance Telephony :

PIVOTAL point 1900 – PupIn , father of Long distance Telephony 1900 – 0 yr

1900 – Contract with AT&T, June 19:

1900 – Contract with AT&T, June 19 2012 – 11,125,000$ 1897 – 445,000$ 1900 – 0 yr Highest price ever paid for the formula! AT&T bought patent rights for patents 632,230 632,231

FAMILY AND EARLY LIFE:

FAMILY AND EARLY LIFE

Mihajlo Pupin (1854, Idvor-1935, USA):

Mihajlo Pupin (1854, Idvor-1935, USA) Mihajlo had 5 sisters and 4 brothers. He was 9 th . 1854 – 46 yr

Parents:

Parents Alimpijada Milovanov Aleksic – Pupin (1814-1885) – Michael’s Mother Konstantin (1814-1873) Married November 8 (21) 1832 in Opovo

Idvor – Austro-Hungarian Empire:

Idvor – Austro-Hungarian Empire Pupin’s grandfather Arsenije , his brother ( Mihajlo ) and sister moved to Zemun , than to Idvor

Ali Pasha (1740-1822) of Yannina:

Ali Pasha (1740-1822) of Yannina Ali was born into a powerful clan in the village Beçisht at the foot of the Këlcyrë mountains near the Albanian town of Tepelenë 1768 : married the daughter of the wealthy pasha of Delvina , with whom he entered an alliance. 1787 : he was awarded the pashaluk of Trikala in reward for his services at Banat during the Austro-Turkish War (1787–1791). 1788 : he seized control of Ioannina . Ioannina would be his power base for the next 33 years. He took advantage of a weak Ottoman government to expand his territory still further until he gained control of most of Albania, western Greece and the Peloponnese. Ali Pasha could assemble an army of 50,000 men in a matter of two to three days, and could double that number in two to three weeks. 1789 – 111 yr

Moskopole (Voskopoja):

Moskopole (Voskopoj a ) Most important center of the Aromanians ( Tsintsars , Vlahs ) . Small settlement until the end of the 17th century, but afterwards showed a remarkable financial and cultural development. Moscopolis in its glory days (1730–1760) had as many as 70,000 inhabitants; ... other estimates placed its population closer to 35,000

Nicha Albania, Graves of Pupin ancestors – Koza family:

Nicha Albania, Graves of Pupin ancestors – Koza family

Vasile Koza:

Vasile Koza Killed some Turk In vendeta Vasile Koza was killed His wife Pupa escaped with 500 goats and 100 sheeps escaped to Vevcani village with four sons Djordji Nikola Stojan Konstantin (~1740) ~1760 – 140yr

Konstantin Pupin:

Konstantin Pupin Arsenije (~1765-?) Married Stana (1770-1848) Mihajlo (~1770-?) Brothers moved to Zemun . Mihajlo Constantine Popp was punished May 11, 1787 ( Apelacioni sud ) 1765 – 135 yr

Arsenije Pupin:

Arsenije Pupin Moved to Zemun with his brother Mihajlo Zivan (1790-1847) Nikola (1806-1848) Konstantin (1814-1873) 1814 – 86 yr

EARLY INVENTIONS IN TELEPHONY:

EARLY INVENTIONS IN TELEPHONY

Samuel Finley Breese Morse (27. 4. 1791, Charlestown – 2. 4. 1872):

9/13/2013 IEEE 802.11 16 Samuel Finley Breese Morse (27. 4. 1791, Charlestown – 2. 4. 1872) 1836 - Invented first telegraph Adopted magnetism for electromagnetic telegraphy 1836– 64 yr

Long distance communication before Morse code:

Long distance communication before Morse code

... With the bugs... :

... With the bugs... 

Alfred Vail (25. 9 . 1807 Morristown– 18. 1. 1859):

9/13/2013 19 Alfred Vail (25. 9 . 1807 Morristown– 18. 1. 1859) 1837-1845 work with Morse on commercialisation of telegraph 1845 – was built first telegraph line Baltimor – Washington He made taster with second key and electromagnets 1945– 55 yr

1856 - NIKOLA TESLA IS Born:

1856 - NIKOLA TESLA IS Born 1900 – 44 yr

1857 - Transatlantic telegraph cable:

21 1857 - Transatlantic telegraph cable Cyrus Field organi z ed second expedition to change 700 miles of cable what was broken under Atlan t ic Ocean August 5, 1858- first messages exchanged between British Queen Victoria and USA president Buchanan 1943– 0 yr

Transatlantic cable:

Transatlantic cable First cable had 7 copper wires Cable weight: 26kg/km Tripple shield from gutaper Strength Force: few tons 1866 – first commerciali z ation of Transatlantic cable transmission speed: equivalent of 1⁄15 baud.

Civil War 1861-1865:

Civil War 1861-1865 1861 – 39 yr

Lincoln was Killed – April 14, 1865:

Lincoln was Killed – April 14, 1865 1865 – 35 yr

Thomas Alva Edison (11. 2. 1847 – 18. 10. 1931):

25 Thomas Alva Edison (11. 2. 1847 – 18. 10. 1931) 1868 – inventor of Ticker, for sending data from New York Stock Exchange Ticker – at one side was punched tape First ticker Edison sold for $30,000, what is equal $ 4 54 ,000 in 20 12 1900 – 32 yr $30,000/454,000USD2012

1869 - Western Union:

1869 - Western Union Shawk and Barton built first network of telegraph stations – Western Union 1900 – 31 yr

Higher Education in Pancevo Gymnasium:

Higher E ducation in Pancevo Gymnasium 1900 – 30 yr

1873 Panic – Stock Exchange was closed 10 days (Sept 18):

1873 Panic – Stock Exchange was closed 10 days (Sept 18) 1900 – 27 yr

Westphalia ship:

Westphalia ship 1874, March 26 – Michael Pupin entered to Castle Garden (Long Island-New York) in Westphalia ship. Trip started in Hamburg (Germany). He was passenger of 3rd class. Pupin attended high school in Prague 1900 – 26 yr

Pupin was obsessed by picture – American Inventors:

Pupin was obsessed by picture – American Inventors

Alexander Graham Bell (3. 3. 1847 – 2. 8 . 1922):

9/13/2013 IEEE 802.11 31 Alexander Graham Bell (3. 3. 184 7 – 2. 8 . 1922) 7. 3. 1876 – Patent no 174 465, for “transmitting the voice...” 1900 – 32 yr

Phone:

Phone First Bell’s commercial telephone

1877- Bell Telephone Company founded:

1877- Bell Telephone Company founded Gardiner Green Hubbard – 30% Thomas Sanders – 30% Thomas Watson – 10% Alexander Bell – 30% 1900 – 23 yr

1877- Bell Telephone Company founded:

1877- Bell Telephone Company founded 1. July 9, 1877, by Alexander Graham Bell’s father-in-law Gardiner Greene Hubbard July 11, 1877, Bell married Mabel Hubbard 2.   New England Telephone and Telegraph Company The Bell Telephone Company was started on the basis of holding "potentially valuable patents", principally Bell's master telephone patent #174465 1900 – 23 yr

1878-79- Bell Telephone Company:

1878-79- Bell Telephone Company The two companies merged on February 17, 1879, to form two new entities, the National Bell Telephone Company of Boston , and the International Bell Telephone Company , HQ in Brussels, Belgium On honeymoon trip to Europe Bell presents his invention. No contract from UK •BTC doesn’t run well. Returning from honeymoon Bell asks BTC for money •BTC in crisis •All telephone rights offered to Western Union for $ 100,000/1.95 milUSD2012. Refused by WU (toy!) •Blake offers his transmitter to BTC (as good as Edison’s of WU) •September 1878: WU starts lawsuit on Bell’s telephone patents •November 1879: WU stops the lawsuit. Agreement between BTC and WU 1900 – 21 yr $100,000/1,703,200USD2012

1882-85- Bell Telephone Company:

1882-85- Bell Telephone Company •1882: Sanders, Hubbard and Watson sell their shares; Bell offers his shares to his bride •Bell is offered position of chief inventor He refuses: “I can not invent on command” •125 telephone companies in operation 1885: Foundation of AT&T (American Telephone and Telegraph Company) 1900 – 18 yr

Bell Telephone Company business model:

Bell Telephone Company business model BTC business model introduced by Theodore Vail (first president) •BTC partner in entire telephone business •no equipment sold, only leasing •only BTC produced equipment is allowed to be connected to BTC network •local telephone companies under BTC umbrella •every agent had to report on infringement of Bell’s patents (expired 1893-1894) •new inventions (patents) in the field of telephony are bought or a lawsuit is started against the inventor •standardized telephone equipment by control of production 1900 – 6 yr

Lawsuit 1:

Lawsuit 1 1878: WU starts lawsuit: Elisha Gray, Amos Dolbear , Thomas Edison 1879: Agreement: •Bell was confirmed as the inventor of the telephone •WU sold his telephone network to BTC •BTC will not operate a telegraph network in the US •WU gave BTC use of its telephone patents David won the battle against Goliath, and became a Goliath itself within a few years

Lawsuit 3:

Lawsuit 3 Edison invented a.o . the carbon microphone, which was superior to Bell’s micro Dolbear invented a.o . the “tin can telephone”, static telephone Gray : •co-founder of Gray & Barton, which later became Western Electric •invented the liquid microphone, initially used by Bell •filed a caveat similar to Bell’s patent on February 14, 1876, the same day as Bell applied for his famous patent; Gray was 2 hours later (“Of all the men who did not invent the telephone, Gray was the nearest”)

Today AT&T:

Today AT&T

PowerPoint Presentation:

P oet 1878 - J.P. Morgan Invested 4.87Mil$ in Edison Electric Light Company Morgan Age 40 Edison Age 31 2012 – 83Mil$ 1878 – 4.87Mil$ 1900 – 22 yr

1878 - Columbia University – Pupin started his studies:

1878 - Columbia University – Pupin started his studies 1900 – 22 yr

1880 – Wrestling champion in Columbia University:

1880 – Wrestling champion in Columbia University 1900 – 20 yr

James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879):

James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879) Pupin expressed interest in Light Theory. At this time, leading authority was Maxwell, student of Michael Faraday. Maxwell Faraday

1882 – J.P. Morgan financed First DC Station – Pearl Street Station – New York:

1882 – J.P. Morgan financed First DC Station – Pearl Street Station – New York 1882 – 18 yr Originally powered by custom-made Porter-Allen high-speed steam engines designed to provide 175 horsepower at 700 rpm Unreliable with their sensitive governors They were removed and replaced with new engines from Armington & Sims that proved to be much more suitable for Edison's dynamos

1882 – Tesla worked in Edison Office in Paris:

1882 – Tesla worked in Edison Office in Paris Edison Age 35 Tesla Age 26 1900 – 18 yr

1883 – American Citizenship:

1883 – American Citizenship Day before he finished studies at Columbia College, Pupin received American Citizenship Diploma from Columbia College He received Tyndall fellowship 1900 – 17 yr

1883-1885 at Cambridge University – Trinity College :

1883-1885 at Cambridge University – Trinity College 1900 – 15 yr 1900 – 17 yr

1884 – Tesla moved to Edison Office in New York:

1884 – Tesla moved to Edison Office in New York Edison Age 37 Tesla Age 28 Edison Tesla For improving DC, Edison promised to Tesla $50,000 2012 – 973,250$ 1884– 50,000$ 1900 – 16 yr

1884 – Pearl Street Station – New York had 508 Users and 10,164 Bulbs:

1884 – Pearl Street Station – New York had 508 Users and 10,164 Bulbs Original Edison two-wire dc distribution line showing the half-moon cross section of the conductors and the conduit and insulation used 1900 – 16 yr

1885 – Tesla worked for Edison for $10/Week:

1885 – Tesla worked for Edison for $10/Week Edison Age 38 Tesla Age 29 Edison Tesla 2012 – 202$ 1897 – 10$ 1900 – 15 yr

1885-1887 - Oliver Heaviside (1850-1925)—An inventor who failed to file crucial patents:

1885-1887 - Oliver Heaviside (1850-1925) —An inventor who failed to file crucial patents Patent GB 1407 – 1880, Coaxial-Cable 1892 – attend Tesla presentation held in British Electrical Engineers Institute: “Exp e rim e nts with high voltage, high frequency alternate currents” In 1885 and 1887 in British magazine Electrician stated: “Without sufficient inductance (word first used in English Language ), permitting energy to be stored in the magnetic field of the line, efficient transmission would not be possible and much of the energy of the signal would be transformed into the heat” 1900 – 15-13 yr

Heaviside coined the following terms of art in electromagnetic theory: :

Heaviside coined the following terms of art in electromagnetic theory: Electromagnetic terms admittance (December 1887); conductance (September 1885); electret for the electric analogue of a permanent magnet, or, in other words, any substance that exhibits a quasi-permanent electric polarization (e.g. ferroelectric); impedance (July 1886); inductance (February 1886); permeability (September 1885); permittance (later susceptance ; June 1887); reluctance (May 1888).

1885 – Last visit of Idvor:

1885 – Last visit of Idvor Went to Pancevo to ask ms Jelisaveta (Duta) Hadija to marry him. She resigned Ms Jelisaveta was of Tsintsar origin 1900 – 15 yr

1886 – Tesla Resigned:

1886 – Tesla Resigned Edison Age 39 Tesla Age 30 Edison Tesla 2012 – 392$ 1886 – 18$ Tesla made improvement on DC motor, but Edison said that Tesla did not understood American humor about 50,000$. Edison offered to Tesla 18$/week. Tesla immediately resigned. Tesla open his own company: The Tesla Electric Light & Manufacturing Co. Business did not go well – so Tesla start to dig channels for 2$ week. 1900 – 14 yr

1886 – The Tesla Electric, Light and Manufacturing Co.:

1886 – The Tesla Electric, Light and Manufacturing Co.

1888, May 1st – Tesla Patent No 381,968:

1888, May 1st – Tesla Patent No 381,968 Tesla Age 32

1888, July Start Negotiations with Westinghouse:

1888, July Start Negotiations with Westinghouse Tesla Age 32 Tesla Westinghouse Tesla Electric Company received 75,000$ in Cash for 7 patents 2.5$ from manufactured HP of Electrical Energy 2,000$ monthly fee for consulting activities in Westinghouse company in period of 12 months 1888 – 2.5$HP/2012 – 55$ 1888 – 75,000$/2012-1,635,060$ 1888 – 2,000/2012 – 43,602$

Lagrange Equations :

Lagrange Equations Pupin studied Lagrange Equations. Later he used this theory to calculate wave speed, what was foundation for long distance telephony. Lagrange’s paper: “Research sur la nature et la propagation de Sou ” was the basis for Pupin’s invention of loaded line in telephone signal transmission Joseph Louis Lagrange (Jan 25, 1736, Turin, Italy –April 10, 1813, Paris, France)

1885-1889 at University of Berlin:

1885-1889 at University of Berlin Disertation : Der Osmotische Druck und Seine Bezichung zur Freien Energie , June 1889 1900 – 15-11 yr

… SISTER of his classmate A. V. Williams Jackson (1862-1937):

… SISTER of his classmate A. V. Williams Jackson (1862-1937) 1888 - MARRIED WITH SARAH KATHERINE JACKSON (APRIL 7, 1859-APRIL 25, 1896) Ceremony was in Greek Orthodox Church in London 1900 – 12 yr

1889 Back to Columbia University:

1889 Back to Columbia University Pupin returned to Columbia University to become a lecturer of mathematical physics in the newly formed Department of Electrical Engineering. Pupin's research pioneered carrier wave detection and current analysis . 1900 – 11 yr

Pupin’s portrait around 1890:

Pupin’s portrait around 1890

Broadway around 1890 and before 1874:

Broadway around 1890 and before 1874

1893 Panic:

1893 Panic 1900 – 7 yr

Unemployment Rate on 100 Citizens:

Unemployment Rate on 100 Citizens Year Lebergott 1890 4.0 1891 5.4 1892 3.0 1893 11.7 1894 18.4 1895 13.7 1896 14.5 1897 14.5 1898 12.4 1899 6.5 1900 5.0

1894 – Expired Bells patents for the telephone…:

1894 – Expired Bells patents for the telephone… … opening the telephone industry to competition. Within a decade, over 6,000 companies went into the telephone business in localities across the country. Phone and phone central station around 1890 1900 – 6 yr

1895 William Jennings Bryan – Candidate for USA President – Speeches against Tycoons:

1895 William Jennings Bryan – Candidate for USA President – Speeches against Tycoons 1900 – 5 yr

1895:

1895 Rockefeller, Carnegie & Morgan donate to William McKinley, opponent of Bryan – 200,000$ each, with intention to buy President who will protect their wealth 2012 – 13,080,480 Mil$ 1895 – 600,000$ 1900 – 5 yr

Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen (27.3.1845-10.2.1925):

9/13/2013 70 Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen (27.3.1845-10.2.1925) November 8th 1895 – made first photos of X-rays 1900 – 5 yr

Pupin’s X - rays:

Pupin’s X - rays January 2, 1896 – replicate X rays as secondary products of fluo tubes light 1900 – 4 yr

X-ray palm:

X-ray palm

Pupin’s patent of X-ray tray:

Pupin’s patent of X-ray tray

X-ray tube - today model:

X-ray tube - today model

1896 Pupin contracted Hemorrhagic Pneumonia:

1896 Pupin contracted Hemorrhagic Pneumonia During curing of Mihajlo – his wife died He stopped research in the field of X-rays 1900 – 4 yr

Sarah Katherine Jackson Pupin died on April 25, 1896:

Sarah Katherine Jackson Pupin died on April 25, 1896 1900 – 4 yr

Varvara Pupin (1889 (?) Yonkers-1962 August (2?) New York):

Varvara Pupin (1889 (?) Yonkers-1962 August (2?) New York) Paja Jovanovic – Varvara Pupin, 1903 Patent 1936

1896 William McKinley was Elected as 25th President of USA:

1896 William McKinley was Elected as 25 th President of USA Average Salary: 100$ Panic 1896 2012 – 2,180$ 1896 – 100$ 1900 – 4 yr

1896 Adams Power Station Facts:

1896 Adams Power Station Facts Notable features: Largest power station ever built until 1895. Attracted national attention due to the enormous size of the project, and collaboration of both electric giants of the continent: GE and Westinghouse contributed to the publicity engine. Frequency: 25 Hz, Two-Phase, Alternating Current Power Transmission Length: 25 miles at 11,000 volts using #1 wire Power system built by: Westinghouse Notable Engineers: Thomas Evershed Cataract Company: George Forbes Westinghouse: Benjamin G. Lamme , Oliver Shallenberger , Nikola Tesla General Electric: William Stanley, Dr. Louis Bell, Charles P. Steinmetz Maximum Power Output: 37 Megawatts: 50,000 horsepower (1896) 1900 – 4 yr

1896 – J.P. Morgan bought all Edison’s Shares in General Electric:

1896 – J.P. Morgan bought all Edison’s Shares in General Electric GE was most valuable company in the world – 50,000,000$ GE used AC! Morgan was 3 rd most influenced men in USA after Rockefeller and Carnegie 2012 – 1,090,004,000$ 1896 – 50,000,000$ 1900 – 4 yr

1896 – John Stone Stone – AT&T:

1896 – John Stone Stone – AT&T Worked for the American Telephone & Telegraph Company (AT&T) Was the first to attempt to apply Heaviside's ideas to real telecommunications. Stone's idea (1896) was to use a bimetallic iron-copper cable which he had patented This cable of Stone's would increase the line inductance due to the iron content and had the potential to meet the Heaviside condition. Stone left the company in 1899 - the idea was never implemented. Before 1896 – only iron cables are used for signal transmitting. 1900 – 4 yr

1898 Tesla Wireless Boat/Madison Square Garden Exhibition:

1898 Tesla Wireless Boat/Madison Square Garden Exhibition 1900 – 2 yr

1898 Wireless Control:

1898 Wireless C ontrol First commercial use – after 1960 1900 – 2 yr

1899 – Tesla – Colorado Springs, May 17:

1899 – Tesla – Colorado Springs, May 17 1900 – 1 yr

1899-George Ashley Campbell:

1899-George Ashley Campbell Campbell was tasked with continuing the investigation into Stone's bimetallic cable, but soon abandoned it in favor of the loading coil. Campbell was aware of Heaviside's work in discovering the Heaviside condition, but unaware of Heaviside's suggestion of using loading coils to enable a line to meet it. The motivation for the change of direction was Campbell's limited budget. The very first demonstration of loading coils on a telephone cable was on a 46-mile length of the so-called Pittsburgh cable (the test was actually in Boston, the cable had previously been used for testing in Pittsburgh) on September 6, 1899 carried out by Campbell himself and his assistant. Campbell's work on loading coils provided the theoretical basis for his subsequent work on filters which proved to be so important for frequency-division multiplexing . 1900 – 1 yr

1899 – Nikola Tesla Company Value $300,000/$200x1,500shares:

1899 – Nikola Tesla Company Value $300,000/$200x1,500shares Tesla entered 17 wireless patents as the value of the company Owners of Tesla Electric Co: - Astor 33% - Simpson and Crawford 3.3% Mr Mils 3.3% - Nikola Tesla 60.4% 1900 – 1 yr

Professor Michael Pupin cca 1900:

Professor Michael Pupin cca 1900 Published 2 papers: 1899: “ Propagation of Long Electrical Waves ” 1900: “Wave transmission over Non-uniform Cables and Long Distance Lines ” …“with special designed coils (later called Pupin Coils), at regular intervals, telephony on underground cable could be extended by few hundred kilometers and on o/w by several thousand kilometers without an increase of cable diameter.” 1900 – 0 yr

1900 – Second Mandate William McKinley as USA President:

1900 – Second Mandate William McKinley as USA President Vice-president – Theodore Roosevelt 1900 – 0 yr

1900 Tesla start Wardenclyffe Project Morgan Invest 150,000$ for 51% of Tesla Electric Co.:

1900 Tesla start Wardenclyffe Project Morgan Invest 150,000$ for 51% of Tesla Electric Co. 1900 – 0 yr 2012 – 3,270,120$ 1900 – 150,000$ Morgan bought Tesla wireless Patents Owners of Tesla Electric Co: Morgan 51% - Astor 33% - Simpson and Crawford 3.3% Mr Mils 3.3% - Nikola Tesla 9.4%

1900 – Contract with AT&T, June 19:

1900 – Contract with AT&T, June 19 2012 – 9,919,000$ 1900 – 445,000$ 1900 – 0 yr Highest price ever paid for the formula! AT&T bought patent rights for patents (1900) 632,230 632,231

Pupin’s Loading Coil – Schematic Diagram:

Pupin’s Loading Coil – Schematic Diagram Heaviside Line model – Schematic Diag.

Loading coil:

Loading coil Original Pupin’s Loading Coil in Smithsonian Museum

Producing Coils-Hose:

Producing Coils-Hose

Pupin’s Coil:

Pupin’s Coil Pupin's 1894 patent "loads" the line with capacitors rather than inductors, a scheme that has been criticised as being theoretically flawed and never put into practice. To add to the confusion, one variant of the capacitor scheme proposed by Pupin does indeed have coils. These are not intended to compensate the line in any way. They are there merely to restore DC continuity to the line so that it may be tested with regular equipment. Pupin states that the inductance is to be so large that it will block all AC signals above 50 Hz. (Start fight with Tesla) Consequently, only the capacitor is adding any significant impedance to the line and "the coils will not exercise any material influence on the results before noted

Legal Battle:

Legal Battle It is unquestionable that Campbell was the first to actually construct a telephone circuit using loading coils. Heaviside never patented his idea; indeed, he took no commercial advantage of any of his work. There also can be little doubt that Heaviside was the first to publish and many would dispute Pupin's priority. AT&T fought a legal battle with Pupin over his claim. Pupin was first to patent but Campbell had already conducted practical demonstrations before Pupin had even filed his patent (December 1899). Campbell's delay in filing was due to the slow internal machinations of AT&T. AT&T foolishly deleted from Campbell's proposed patent application all the tables and graphs detailing the exact value of inductance that would be required before the patent was submitted. Since Pupin's patent contained a (less accurate) formula, AT&T was open to claims of incomplete disclosure. By January 1901 Pupin had been paid $200,000 /$4.36milUSD2012 and by 1917, when the AT&T monopoly ended and payments ceased, he had received a total of $455,000 /9.9milUSD2012

Benefit to AT&T:

Benefit to AT&T It has been estimated that AT&T saved $100 million in the first quarter of the 20th century. $100mil/1,816milUSD2012

1901 US President McKinley killed – Theodore Roosevelt was 26th President of USA:

1901 US President McKinley killed – Theodore Roosevelt was 26 th President of USA 1901 + 1 yr

1901 – Marconi sent “Letter S” over Atlantic Ocean:

1901 – Marconi sent “Letter S” over Atlantic Ocean 1901 + 1 yr Marconi Age 27 Marconi used Morse code to transfer signal from Newfoundland to England Morgan lost interest for Tesla experiments

Implementation of Pupin Coil:

Implementation of Pupin Coil 1902 – 17km – New York – Newark 1906 – 127km – New York – New Heaven 1906 – 140km – New York – Philadelphia 724km – Boston – New York- Washington (before telephone amplifiers) – Coil on every 1,850m 1902-1906 + 2-6 yr

Pupin in Europe:

Pupin in Europe 1902 – 32km – Berlin- Postdam 1902 + 2 yr

Pupin in Europe:

Pupin in Europe 1904, February 4 – Pupin improved patent with the help of Siemens- Halske company Siemens immediately bought patent Pupin got 1/3 of the Siemens profit 1904 + 4 yr

Twisted-pair cables:

Twisted-pair cables Beginning of twisted-pairing cables 1.5mm – w/o Pupin coils – 40 km, w Pupin coils 220km 2mm – w/o Pupin coils – 60km, w Pupin coils 320km 1906 – underwater paper-taped insulating cables – 12km – 7 pairs. Depth – 250m, 22 Pupin Coils – Lake Constance 1906 + 6 yr

First underground cable Berlin-Cologne (600km):

First underground cable Berlin-Cologne (600km)

1904 - Theodore Roosevelt 26th President of USA – Second Mandate:

1904 - Theodore Roosevelt 26 th President of USA – Second Mandate 1904 + 4 yr

1904 – Roosevelt start Campaign against Rockefeller and Morgan:

1904 – Roosevelt start Campaign against Rockefeller and Morgan 1904 + 4 yr

1905 – First Flight, Dec 5, Wright Brothers:

1905 – First Flight, Dec 5, Wright Brothers 1905 + 5 yr

1905 – Albert Einstein General Theory of Relativity:

1905 – Albert Einstein General Theory of Relativity Einstein Age 26 1905 + 5 yr

1907 - Panic:

1907 - Panic 1907 + 7 yr

1909 – William Howard Taft – 27. President of the USA:

1909 – William Howard Taft – 27. President of the USA 1909 + 9 yr

1909 – Marconi and Brown shared Nobel Prize for Physics:

1909 – Marconi and Brown shared Nobel Prize for Physics Marconi Age 35 Brown Age 59 1909 + 9 yr

1911 – Honorary deputy Consul of Kingdom of Serbia in New York:

1911 – Honorary deputy Consul of Kingdom of Serbia in New York 1911 + 11 yr

1915 – Albert Einstein Special Theory of Relativity:

1915 – Albert Einstein Special Theory of Relativity Einstein Age 3 6 1915 + 15 yr

1915, March 3- NACA founders (today NASA):

1915, March 3- NACA founders (today NASA) 1915 + 15 yr

1917 – Pupin Patents expired He realized more than $1 million:

1917 – Pupin Patents expired He realized more than $1 million 1917 + 17 yr $1mil/18.6MilUSd2012

1918 - Pupin Negotiator in Versaille Agreement:

1918 - Pupin Negotiator in Versaille Agreement 1918 + 18 yr

Pre WWI Maps:

Pre WWI Maps

Macedonia 1913:

Macedonia 1913

Albanian Four Vilayets (1878):

Albanian Four Vilayets (1878)

Serbian Vojvodina – after Austrian 1848 Revolution :

Serbian Vojvodina – after Austrian 1848 Revolution

Balkans – After Conference in London and Treaty of Bucharest:

Balkans – After Conference in London and Treaty of Bucharest

Man-Wolf-Boat-Cabbage Problem:

Man-Wolf-Boat-Cabbage Problem

Friendship with Woodrow Wilson:

Friendship with Woodrow Wilson Pupin was member of Republican Party – Wilson of Democrat party

Pupin was assistant of Nikola Pasic on Versaille Threaty – 1918 - 1919:

Pupin was assistant of Nikola Pasic on Versaille Threaty – 1918 - 1919 Pupin was assistant of Nikola Pasic, Serbian Prime Minister of Kingdom of Serbia (later prime minister of Kingdom of Yugoslavia) 1918 – 18 yr

Pupin was assistant of Nikola Pasic on Versaille Threaty – 1918 - 1919:

Pupin was assistant of Nikola Pasic on Versaille Threaty – 1918 - 1919 He motivated American President Woodrow Willson to give to Serbia parts of Austro-Hungarian E m pire (Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Hercegovina). At this time M a cedonia and Montenegro were part of Serbian Kingdom. 1918 – 18 yr

Pupin was assistant of Nikola Pasic on Versaille Threaty – 1918 - 1919:

Pupin was assistant of Nikola Pasic on Versaille Threaty – 1918 - 1919 Pupin, togeter with his assist a nt Ilija Sumenkovic (from vil l age Borovec) – moved border over Crni Drim river to existing position, over the mountin rids. Otherwise, Vevcani village will be part of Albanian ter r itory . 1919 – 19 yr

... cont:

... cont Because Pupin’s authority, Pasic, who had strong karma, did not accept to be minor player, and removed Pupin from his negotiation team Negotiation’s without Pupin did not advanced, so Pasic call Pupin back after 3 months. Pupin accepted his call because of higher interests of the situation. In his speech to Congress on January 8, 1918, known as the Fourteen Points speech, U.S. president Woodrow Wilson, inspired by his conversations with Pupin, insisted on the rest au ration of Serbia and Montenegro, as well as autonomy for the peoples of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy.

Woodrow Wilson speach in Congres: January 8, 1918 – 14 points:

Woodrow Wilson speach in Congres: January 8, 1918 – 14 points 1.Open covenants of peace, openly arrived at, after which there shall be no private international understandings of any kind but diplomacy shall proceed always frankly and in the public view. 2.Absolute freedom of navigation upon the seas, outside territorial waters, alike in peace and in war, except as the seas may be closed in whole or in part by international action for the enforcement of international covenants. 3.The removal, so far as possible, of all economic barriers and the establishment of equality of trade conditions among all the nations consenting to the peace and associating themselves for its maintenance. 4.Adequate guarantees given and taken that national armaments will be reduced to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety. 5.A free, open-minded, and absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims, based upon a strict observance of the principle that in determining all such questions of sovereignty the interests of the populations concerned must have equal weight with the equitable claims of the government whose title is to be determined. 6.The evacuation of all Russian territory and such a settlement of all questions affecting Russia as will secure the best and freest cooperation of the other nations of the world in obtaining for her an unhampered and unembarrassed opportunity for the independent determination of her own political development and national policy and assure her of a sincere welcome into the society of free nations under institutions of her own choosing; and, more than a welcome, assistance also of every kind that she may need and may herself desire. The treatment accorded Russia by her sister nations in the months to come will be the acid test of their good will, of their comprehension of her needs as distinguished from their own interests, and of their intelligent and unselfish sympathy. 7.Belgium, the whole world will agree, must be evacuated and restored, without any attempt to limit the sovereignty which she enjoys in common with all other free nations. No other single act will serve as this will serve to restore confidence among the nations in the laws which they have themselves set and determined for the government of their relations with one another. Without this healing act the whole structure and validity of international law is forever impaired. 8.All French territory should be freed and the invaded portions restored, and the wrong done to France by Prussia in 1871 in the matter of Alsace-Lorraine, which has unsettled the peace of the world for nearly fifty years, should be righted, in order that peace may once more be made secure in the interest of all. 9.A readjustment of the frontiers of Italy should be effected along clearly recognizable lines of nationality. 10.The peoples of Austria-Hungary, whose place among the nations we wish to see safeguarded and assured, should be accorded the freest opportunity to autonomous development. 11.Romania, Serbia, and Montenegro should be evacuated; occupied territories restored; Serbia accorded free and secure access to the sea; and the relations of the several Balkan states to one another determined by friendly counsel along historically established lines of allegiance and nationality; and international guarantees of the political and economic independence and territorial integrity of the several Balkan states should be entered into. 12.The Turkish portion of the present Ottoman Empire should be assured a secure sovereignty, but the other nationalities which are now under Turkish rule should be assured an undoubted security of life and an absolutely unmolested opportunity of autonomous development, and the Dardanelles should be permanently opened as a free passage to the ships and commerce of all nations under international guarantees. 13.An independent Polish state should be erected which should include the territories inhabited by indisputably Polish populations, which should be assured a free and secure access to the sea, and whose political and economic independence and territorial integrity should be guaranteed by international covenant. 14.A general association of nations must be formed under specific covenants for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike.

1929 – Great Depression:

1929 – Great Depression 1929 + 29 yr 2012 – 1.062$ 1929 – 100$

1931- Coaxial Cable Patent, Dec 8, 1931 Bell Labs Project:

1931- Coaxial Cable P a tent, Dec 8, 1931 Bell L a bs Project 1931 + 31 yr

1935 – Tesla visited Pupin in Hospital:

1935 – Tesla visited Pupin in Hospital Tesla Age 79 Pupin Died – Tesla visited him in the hospital Pupin Died at Age 81 1935 + 35 yr

Died on March 12, 1935:

Died on March 12, 1935 1935 – 35 yr Pupin Died at Age 81

HONORS AND TRIBUTES:

HONORS AND TRIBUTES

1904 – Honorary Member of Electrical Engineering Society:

1904 – Honorary Member of Electrical Engineering Society

1915 – Ph.D. Law – Johns Hopkins University :

1915 – Ph.D. Law – Johns Hopkins University

1920 - Edison Medal to Micheal Pupin:

1920 - Edison Medal to Micheal Pupin

Friend with Thomas Edison:

Friend with Thomas Edison

1922 – Fellow of American Geographical Society:

1922 – Fellow of American Geographical Society

1922 – Woodrow Wilson Award:

1922 – Woodrow Wilson Award

1924 – Pulitzer Prize Circulation: 100,000:

1924 – Pulitzer Prize Circulation: 100,000

1924 – Pulitzer Prize Letter:

1924 – Pulitzer Prize Letter

1924 -Doctor of Law Diploma:

1924 -Doctor of Law Diploma

1925 – Ph.D in Humane Letters:

1925 – Ph.D in Humane Letters

1926 – Ph.D. Of Law - Berkeley:

1926 – Ph.D. Of Law - Berkeley

1932 – John Fritz Medal:

1932 – John Fritz Medal

1932 – Engineerings Honour:

1932 – Engineerings Honour

Newspapers about Pupin’s Death:

Newspapers about Pupin’s Death

After Pupin’s Death:

After Pupin’s Death

Pupin Hall at Columbia University:

Pupin Hall at Columbia University

Pupin Lab at Columbia University:

Pupin Lab at Columbia University

Painting of Michael Pupin in Pupin Hall – Columbia University:

Painting of Michael Pupin in Pupin Hall – Columbia University

Pupin Medalist:

Pupin Medalist

Cont...:

Cont...

On Yugoslav banknote – cca 1990:

On Yugoslav banknote – cca 1990

2002 – Yugoslav President Kostunica donate Pupin’s Bust to Columbia University:

2002 – Yugoslav President Kostunica donate Pupin’s Bust to Columbia University

2004 Pupin Medal – Serbian Academy of Science – 150 years from Pupins birth:

2004 Pupin Medal – Serbian Academy of Science – 150 years from Pupins birth

Pupin’s Portrait in Idvor:

Pupin’s Portrait in Idvor

Institute “Mihajlo Pupin” – Belgrade, Serbia:

Institute “Mihajlo Pupin” – Belgrade, Serbia

ONE MORE THING:

ONE MORE THING

Donations:

Donations

Value of donation in original USD:

Value of donation in original USD

Golden bell for Church on Kajmakcalan Bell was stolen:

Golden bell for Church on Kajmakcalan Bell was stolen

1919 – Donation of Canbanaria in Ochrid :

1919 – Donation of Canbanaria in Ochrid Pupin donate Golden Bell to church Sveta Bogorodica Perivlepta Value of donation 50,000 USD in 2010 USD

Pupin NASA founder:

Pupin NASA founder Petar Kocovic July 10 , 201 3 Gradjevinski fakultet , Beograd

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