logging in or signing up power sharing pkabra Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINT lite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 241 Category: Entertainment License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: July 21, 2012 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 0 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript PowerPoint Presentation: WELCOMES TO MY PRESENTATION …..Power Sharing : Power Sharing As practiced in Belgium and Sri LankaBelgium: Belgium Smaller than Haryana Borders with France, Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg Size and Ethnic CompositionPowerPoint Presentation: 59% speak Dutch and live in the Flemish region. Walloon Region Brussels Ethnic Composition of the Nation Flemish Region 40% speak French and live in the Walloon Region 1% speak German and live in the Walloon RegionPowerPoint Presentation: 80% in the capital speak French but they are minority in the country 20% in the capital speak Dutch but they are majority in the country Ethnic Composition of BrusselsReasons for tension between the two communities: Reasons for tension between the two communities The minority French were rich and powerful The majority Dutch got the benefit of economic development much later.The Belgian Model of Power Sharing: The Belgian Model of Power Sharing Between 1970 and 1993 the constitution was amended four times to accommodate social and cultural diversities. This was done by sharing power as follows. There shall be equal representation from both communities in the central council of ministers The majority Dutch accepted this arrangement because they were minority in the nationThe Belgian Model of Power Sharing: The Belgian Model of Power Sharing Some special laws require the support of majority from both the communities Many powers of the Central Government have been transferred to State Governments and the State Governments are not subordinate to the Central Govt. There is third form of Govt. called ‘Community Govt.’ It is elected by people belonging to one language community – the Dutch, the French and the German speaking no matter where they live. The community governments have power regarding cultural, educational and language related issues.The Belgian Model of Power Sharing: The Belgian Model of Power Sharing Brussels has a separate Govt. with equal representation from both the communities. The majority French in Brussels accepted equal representation in Brussels because the majority Dutch accepted equal representation in eh central government.Advantages of The Belgian Model: Advantages of The Belgian Model Though complex, the model has worked well so far. It has avoided civic strife between the two communities. The European Union chose to have its parliament at Brussels as Power Sharing was practiced successfullySri Lanka: Sri Lanka About the same as Haryana Just a few kms away off the southern coast of Tamil Nadu Size Social Composition : Social Composition Sinhala Speakers: 74%. They are mostly Buddhists Tamils Speakers: 18%. They are Hindus and Muslims 13% 5 %Majoritarianism in Sri Lanka: Majoritarianism in Sri Lanka After independence in 1948, Sri Lanka adopted a series of majoritarian measures to establish Sinhalese supremacy over the Tamils In 1956, an Act was passed to recognise Sinhala as the only official languageMajoritarianism in Sri Lanka: Majoritarianism in Sri Lanka In 1956 an Act was passed which recognised Sinhala as the only official language. Sinhala speakers were preferred both for university positions and Govt. jobs. Sinhala L ankaMajoritarianism in Sri Lanka: Majoritarianism in Sri Lanka Constitution was amended to protect and strengthen Sinhala Language.Effect on Tamils: Effect on Tamils The Tamils felt isolated They thought that even the constitution was against them. None of the Political parties ever considered their needs. The Tamils formed groups, organisations and parties to fight for rightsEffect on Tamils: Effect on Tamils Their demands for recognition to their language and separate state with autonomous status were repeatedly neglected. This made some groups like the LTTE to take violent actions.The Civil War: The Civil War Civil war thus broke out between the Tamils and the Sinhalas Thousands of people on both the sides were killed. Thousands of Tamil families went out of the country as refugeesPowerPoint Presentation: THANKS FOR YOUR CO-ORDINATON You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.