Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction

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Category: Others/ Misc
     
 

Presentation Description

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the joint connecting your jaw to your skull. These joints are located on each side of the face and allow the movements required for eating, speaking and facial expression. Disorders of these joints can cause pain, popping or clicking noises and abnormal jaw movement.

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Presentation Transcript

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Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction The temporomandibular joint TMJ is the joint connecting your jaw to your skull. These joints are located on each side of the face and allow the movements required for eating speaking and facial expression. Disorders of these joints can cause pain popping or clicking noises and abnormal jaw movement. The Causes of TMJ Disorders TMJ dysfunction can cause significant pain for many individuals. It has a slightly higher incidence in women and most often occurs between the ages of 30 and 50. The TMJ is one of the most complex joints in the body and disorders in this area are quite common. Some of the causes of TMJ problems include: ● Clenching and grinding teeth ● Dental problems ● Crossbite ● Stress ● Trauma or direct injuries ● Poor neck posture ● Arthritis The Symptoms of TMJ Disorders There are a few symptoms of TMJ dysfunction which can interfere with normal daily activities. Problems with the temporomandibular joint can cause pain in the face neck ears and teeth. Headaches can also occur along with limited jaw movement and popping or clicking sounds coming from the jaw. Some other symptoms can include limited mouth opening and pain when chewing. Diagnosing TMJ Disorders If you are experiencing any symptoms related to TMJ dysfunction you should see a Physio experienced in jaw and TMJ disorders. They will discuss your symptoms and examine your jaw including the joint disc and surrounding muscles. Other conditions might be discussed as well such as any sinus like symptoms headaches symptoms of ear infections or any nerve pain. Occasionally you may be referred for an x-ray ultrasound or MRI to rule out structural problems with the TMJ. Your TMJ Physio may also refer you on for review by a dentist or oral medicine specialist if there are any dental related concerns. TMJ Treatment Perth Physiotherapy for jaw pain is a common and effective treatment for TMJ disorders. Physio for jaw pain includes manual therapy to increase the joint’s range of motion muscle

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stretching postural exercises and specific muscle strengthening exercises. Physio for TMJ dysfunction aims to: ● Reduce inflammation ● Relieve pain ● Restore normal jaw function ● Prevent further damage ● Improve the quality of life The best treatment plan for TMJ disorders will depend on the diagnosis. TMJ opening problems can be successfully treated using dry needling acupuncture massage joint mobilisation and disc deloading techniques. Other TMJ related disorders such as teeth grinding will often improve with treatment as when the muscles begin to relax this will often reduce your urge to clench. After a thorough assessment with your Jaw Physio a treatment plan will be commenced specific to your needs. Physio for jaw pain is very successful for the treatment and management of TMJ dysfunction and can help to restore normal jaw motion and relieve pain. A few physiotherapists are highly experienced in the assessment and treatment of temporomandibular joint disorders. Problems with the TMJ can result in pain limited jaw motion and clicking and clunking from the jaw. There are many causes of TMJ dysfunction including arthritis teeth grinding injury posture and stress. TMJ dysfunction can be effectively managed and treated by a qualified and experienced physiotherapist through a range of techniques such as mobilisation stretching strengthening and special exercises. Physiotherapy for jaw pain aims to restore normal function to the jaw relieve pain and improve the patient’s quality of life.

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