agriculture in india

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AGRICULTURE IN INDIA : 

AGRICULTURE IN INDIA GROUP 8 Vishal Sharma(20) Shrema Garg(23) Pawan Jangid(26) Shivam Gautam(32) Vivek Kapoor(45) Atul Pandey(54) 1

Contents : 

Contents Introduction History Production Fertilizers Developments Green Revolution Employment in Agriculture sector Investments Subsidies Credits Exports Facts & figures Conclusions 2

Introduction : 

Introduction One of the strong sector of Indian economy(18% of GDP). Around 58 % population of India depends on Agriculture. Average growth rate of agriculture and allied sector in 2006-07 & 2007-08 has been 4% per annum. 140.7 million hectare area is available for sown. Major agricultural products include rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea. 3

History : 

History Indian agriculture began by 9000 BC as a result of early cultivation of plants. Double monsoon leads two harvest in a year. The Grow More Food Campaign (1940s) and the Integrated Production Program (1950s) focused on food and cash crops supply respectively. In 1960s Green revolution took place. Agriculture production rose. Export increased at 10% in 1990s. 4

Production : 

Production India is largest producer of coconuts, mangoes, bananas, cashew nuts, pulses, ginger. Second largest producer of rice, wheat, cotton, fruits and vegetables. A growth of 3.2% is projected during fiscal year 2009. Among cereals production, India is placed third, having second largest production in wheat and rice and the largest production in pulses. 5

Slide 6: 

Bt cotton is the only commercialized Biotech crop in India. 3.8 million hectare of land is under its production. Coffee production is over 293000 metric tonnes and tea production is over 981 million kg. The allied sectors like livestock, fishing and forestry are projected with growth rate 4.8% in fiscal year 2009. 6

Production (2008) : 

Production (2008) 7

Fertilizers : 

Fertilizers Increase in fertilizers with time Bio fertilizers, chemical fertilizers, urea fertilizers, compost, organic fertilizers, etc. 8

Development : 

Development Domestic production of food grains was not adequate to meet domestic demand. Programs like The Grow More Food Program, the Community Development Program and Intensive Area development Programs – To regenerate Indian agriculture. Green Revolution came as a breakthrough for India There was a constant improvisation in the technology in agriculture for better yield of crops and better profit. 9

Green Revolution : 

Green Revolution The introduction of high yielding varieties of seeds after 1965 and increased used of fertilizers and irrigation is collectively known as green revolution. Dr Norman Borlaug - Father of Green Revolution Many famines in India before it and in 1961 was on a brink of a mass famine and were considered inevitable Indian agriculture - Low growth rate of 0.3% per annum. So massive expansion of HYV production started with use of fertilizers. 10

Outcome of Green Revolution : 

Outcome of Green Revolution Food grain production grew from 50.8 million tonnes in 1950/51 to 500 million tonnes in 2001/02. Food imports were almost eliminated. In 1970s cost of rice was $550 a ton and it reduced to under $200 a ton. Extension of irrigation facilities, better agricultural techniques, water management, plant protection etc improved.

Contd… : 

Contd… In 1980s despite of three years of meager rainfall and a draught in the middle of decade, India managed to get along with very few food imports. India became self-sufficient in early 1990s in food grain production and later it also started exporting food grains in other parts of the world.

Employment in Agriculture : 

Employment in Agriculture 60% Indian population employed in Agriculture In 2008, Indian agro-based companies attracted a host of private equity players The Mahindra & Mahindra (M&M) group’s agri-business initiative, Mahindra ShubhLaabh Services (MSLS), has tied-up with the Netherlands-based HZPC, the world’s largest seed potato supplier. Blackstone invested US$ 50 million in Hyderabad-based Nuziveedu seeds. Morgan Stanley picked up a minority stake for US$ 36.51 million in castor oil maker, Biotor Industries, through its Asia fund. 13

Investment : 

Investment 14

Investment : 

Investment 15

Subsidies : 

Subsidies In 2007 govt. has waived loans of worth Rs. 75000 crore 16

Exports : 

Exports India’s overseas shipments of coffee rose by 9.6 per cent to 300,000 bags even as global coffee exports decreased by 1 per cent. India's natural rubber exports have increased by 38 per cent in the April-July 2008–09. Spice exports registered a 17 per cent increase in revenue in rupee value and five per cent in quantity this year compared to last year. India exported 1.40 million tones of oil meal in the first three months of the current financial year, up 70 per cent from the corresponding period last year. Cashew exports touched US$ 413.21 million, an increase of 40.2 per cent during the April-November period of 2008–09. 17

Export : 

Export 18

Credit : 

Credit Total credit to agriculture is increased from Rs. 62045 crore in 2001-02 to Rs. 200000 crore in 2007-08 RRBs NABARD Priority sector lending Kisan credit card Co-operative societies In 2006-07 co-operatives given Rs. 42480 crore 19

Facts & Figures : 

Facts & Figures Contributes to 18% of GDP Provides food to 1Billion people Sustains 65% of the population : helps alleviate poverty Produces 51 major Crops Provides Raw Material to Industries Contributes to 1/6th of the export earnings One of the 12 Bio-diversity centers in the world with over 46,000 species of plants and 86,000 species of animals recorded 20

Conclusion : 

Conclusion Agriculture is set to play a more dynamic role in the economy. A progressively larger number of states have been amending their Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee (APMC) Act, to allow farmers to directly sell their produce to the buyers. Agriculture credit is likely to touch US$ 49.05 billion in 2008 Total investment is up from 10.2 per cent in 2003–04 to 16 per cent for the 11th Plan. Significantly, services related to agro and allied sectors have been thrown open to 100 per cent foreign direct investment (FDI) through the automatic route. 21

Thank you for your kind attention. : 

Thank you for your kind attention. 22

Facts & Figures : 

Facts & Figures Total Geographical Area - 328 million hectares Net Area sown - 142 million hectares Gross Cropped Area – 190.8 million hectares Major Crop Production (1999-2000) Rice 89.5 million tonnes Wheat 75.6 million tonnes Coarse Cereals 30.5 million tonnes Pulses 13.4 million tonnes Oilseeds 20.9 million tonnes Sugarcane 29.9 million tonnes 23