Oceans: No Global Warming Hiatus

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Miami Beach is a flood zone during King High Tides. OCEANS: NO GLOBAL WARMING HIATUS Paul H. Carr AF Research Laboratory, Emeritus www.MirrorOfNature.org 1

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19 The rate of sea level increase correlates with the blue line of the CO2 increase. Sea level rise is a proxy for global temperature, since it is due to thermal expansion (50%) and the melting of ice (50%) SEA LEVEL RISE IS A BETTER MEASURE OF GLOBAL WARMING THAN AIR TEMPERATURE 3

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1880-1980: 0.3 C TEMP INCREASE 1980- 2012: 0.55 TEMPERATURE INCREASE (Hansen, J., Ruedy , R., Sato, M., and Lo, K., 2010: Global surface temperature change, Rev. Geophys . 48 , RG4004.) LONG TERM CLIMATE AVERAGES REMOVE THE SHORT TERM WEATHER FLUCTUATIONS IS THE 2010 “FAUX PAUSE” STATISTICALLY AND CLIMACTICALLY SIGNIFICANT? OUR PRESENT DECADE HAS BEEN THE WARMEST IN CENTRURIES 4

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2015 Replaced ship sea surface temperature by more accurate buoy measurement. Increased sensors in the Arctic, which is warming 2 – 3 times faster than the global average. 5

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2000 - 2014: The Arctic has warmed 2 -3 times faster than 1950 - 1999 Thomas R. Karl et al. “Possible artifacts of data biases in the recent global surface warming hiatus” Science 2015;348:1469-1472 Published by AAAS 6

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Blue: Sea level change from tide-gauge data (Church J.A. and White N.J., Geophys . Res. Lett. 2006; 33: L01602) Red: Univ. Colorado sea level analyses in satellite era (http://www.columbia.edu/~mhs119/SeaLevel/) . Sea levels are rising 4 times faster: 12 in/century at present from 3 in/century 1870– 1924. 12 in./100 years. 7.5 in./100 years 3 in. /100 years 7

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Earlier predictions for 2100: 2 to 6 feet Climate scientist James Hansen, a former director at NASA, predicts: “the sea level will rise by at least 7 more feet by 2070. This could range as high 17 feet, depending on the model parameter.” http://www.bradenton.com/opinion/letters-to-theeditor/article68272492.html#storylink=cpy 8

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NASA photos of Thwaites Glacier, size of Mexico, Western Antarctica. Richard Alley, a glaciologist at Penn State University, an author of the last IPCC report:“If the Thwaites Glacier breaks free from it rocky berth, it woud raise sea levels 10 ft.” 9

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Gravity Satellite Ice Sheet Mass Measurements MELTING OF GREENLAND & ANTARCTICA IS RAISING SEA LEVELS FASTER Greenland Ice Sheet Antarctic Ice Sheet Source: Velicogna, I. Geophys. Res. Lett. , 36 , L19503, doi:10.1029/2009GL040222, 2009 Greenland’s largest glacier is now flowing faster towards the sea 4 times faster than in the 1990s.. Since Sandy, 2012, Federal Coastal Flood Insurance is up 2X - 10X 10

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Accelerated West Antarctic ice mass loss continues to outpace North Antarctic gains Christopher Harig , , Frederik J. Simons Department of Geosciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA Earth and Planetary Science Letters. Volume 415, 1 April 2015, Pages 134–141 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012821X15000564 12

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The Coming Climate Crash: Lessons for Climate Change in the 2008 Recession By HENRY M. PAULSON Jr. Secretary of the Treasury under Pres. George W. Bush. Co-Author of www.RiskyBusiness.org JUNE 21, 2014 http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/22/opinion/sunday/lessons-for-climate-change-in-the-2008-recession.html “We’re staring down a climate bubble that poses enormous risks to both our environment  and economy . The warning signs are clear and growing more urgent as the risks go unchecked. A tax on carbon emissions will unleash a wave of innovation to develop technologies, lower the costs of clean energy and create jobs as we and other nations develop new energy products and infrastructure. Climate change is the challenge of our time. We’ve seen and felt the costs of underestimating the financial bubble. Let’s not ignore the climate bubble.”

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10/9/15 www. CitizensClimateLobby.org - Revenue neutral carbon fee with dividend. -Dividend would be returned to everyone. -Stimulating economy & creating 2 million jobs.

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Antarctica's Larsen B ice shelf a few years from disintegration Airborne surveys, radar data suggest growing rift will break ice shelf apart around 2020 Thomson Reuters Posted: May 15, 2015 http:// www.cbc.ca /news/technology/antarctica-s-larsen-b-ice-shelf-a-few-years-from-disintegration-1.3075634 15

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