comparitive study of monuments

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comparitive studty of monuments of india and egypt.

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Historic Monuments of India :

H istoric M onuments of I ndia

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One definition of a great civilization is the magnificence of its architectural legacy, and India is surely among the foremost. The country is dotted with the remains of ages gone by, many world famous like the Taj mahal and Qutab Minar, and some still cloaked in obscurity, off the tourist circuit, waiting to be 'discovered', but architectural gems nevertheless.

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Indian architecture, which has evolved through centuries, is the result of socio-economic and geographical conditions. Indian architecture, belonging to different periods of history, bears the stamp of respective periods. Though the cities of Indus Valley provide substantial evidence of extensive town planning, the beginnings of Indian architecture can be traced back to the advent of Buddhism in India.

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The earliest architecture that anyone knows about from India dates to about 2500 BC , in the Harappan period in northern India. It was in this period that a large number of magnificent buildings came up. Some of the highlights of Buddhist art and architecture are the Great Stupa at Sanchi and the rock-cut caves at Ajanta. Great Stupa at Sanchi

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There have been a variety of different styles of architecture in India since ages. Almost all the styles were influenced by the culture and dynasties contemporary to that period. Gol gumbaj Tomb of Ghiyas- Ud-din Indo-Islamic Architectural Style

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Humayun’s Tomb Taj mahal Mugal Architectural Style

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Vijayanagara architecture at Hampi

Rock- cut architectural art :

R ock- cut a rchitectural a rt Rock-cut architecture is the art of creating a structure by carving it out of solid natural rock. There are known more than 1,500 rock cut structures in India, which were created 2,300 - 800 years ago. Several of Indian rock cut structures belong to the most amazing achievements of ancient cultures worldwide.

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Ellora Caves Bhaja Caves

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Rock-cut step wells in India date from 200-400 AD. Subsequently, the construction of wells at Dhank (550-625 AD) and stepped ponds at Bhinmal (850-950 AD) took place. The city of Mohenjo-Daro has wells which may be the predecessors of the step well. As many as 700 wells, constructed by 3rd millennium BC, have been discovered in just one section of the city, leading scholars to believe that 'cylindrical brick lined wells' were invented by the people of the Indus Valley Civilization.

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Water well at mohenjo Daro Drainage system at lothal

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H istoric M onuments of E gypt

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Ancient Egyptian architecture is the architecture of ancient Egypt, one of the most influential civilizations throughout history. It has been said that the ancient Egyptians were the first individuals ever known on this earth to build things. Ancient Egyptians are the ones who have taught humanity how to erect and design buildings.

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One of the most notable and lasting achievements of the Ancient Egyptians are their pyramids. The size, design, and structure of the pyramids reveal the skill of these ancient builders. Pyramid of Giza

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The pyramids were great monuments and tombs for the kings. The Egyptians believed that a king's soul continued to guide affairs of the kingdom even after his death. To ensure that they would continue to enjoy the blessings of the gods, they preserved the pharaoh's body through the mummification process. They built the pyramids to protect the pharaoh's body, the pyramid was a symbol of hope.

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Mummy of Tutankhamen Tomb of Nefertari

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Mummy of Ramses II The great temple of Ramses II

Egyptian Art :

E gyptian A rt The art of the Egyptians reflects every aspect of their lives. Depicted in tomb and temple drawings are scenes of everyday living, models of people and animals, glass figures and containers, and jewelry made from gold and semi-precious stones The wall and pillar drawings are perhaps the best known. In these drawings, it can be seen that people are going about the everyday business of baking, fishing, boating, marketing, and meeting together in family groups.

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Ancient Egyptian Art

Construction and Religious Rituals:

Construction and Religious Rituals With ancient Egyptians, construction was inseparably associated with religious rituals. Temples and tombs figured high within the main religious rituals. Indeed, buildings themselves with their form and decorations were stone incarnation representations of religion and rituals.

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Construction supervisors and scholars in charge of the rituals as well as master builders used to perform magic rituals ordered by the royal decree to erect royal tombs and temples. With such astounding genius of harmonizing materials and location, the ancient Egyptian architect could create magnificent symmetrical and highly impressive masterpieces.

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Planetary alignment of pyramids at Giza

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Construction of pyramids of Giza

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Comparative Study of monuments of India and Egypt

Temples :

T emples Indian Temples The earliest temples of India are the rock-cut and the cave temples. There are beautiful carvings on the ancient temples and carvings only enhance the structure . Egyptian Temp les The earliest Egyptian temples are made up of granite. The Egyptian temples were decorated with some hieroglyphics on its walls and columns.

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Ancient Indian Temples Angkor Wat Konark Sun temple Egyptian Temples Luxor temple Karnak Temple

Building material :

Building material Indian monuments The predominant building material used in ancient India ,during Mughal period, was the sandstone. The earliest temples of India are made by the Rock-cut art. Ajanta and Ellora caves are made with rock-cut art. Egyptian monuments The two predominant building materials used in ancient Egypt were sun-baked mud brick and stone, mainly limestone. The tombs and temples were usually made up of Granite. The Luxor temple and Karnak temple are made up of granite.

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The pyramids of Giza are made up of Limestone. The Taj Mahal is made up of white Marble

Water supply system :

Water supply system Indian Monuments The Indus Valley Civilization had one of the most sophisticated urban water supply and sewage systems in the world. Earliest forts and tombs had its own storage system in the form of rock-cut cisterns, ponds, tanks and wells. Underground baked earthen pipes and tunnels maintained the flow of water. Egyptian monuments The Egyptians depended on the river Nile. Mainly Nile water was used for drinking and for watering crops. The Nile river played an important role in construction of the pyramids. The heavy stone blocks were loaded on the boats and transported down the Nile.

Construction of monuments :

Construction of monuments Indian monuments Earliest temples and tombs were built with rock cut- architecture. Simple primitive tools were used for rock-cut architecture. It is believed that elephants were used to carry and transport heavy stone blocks during construction. The Taj Mahal was constructed using materials from all over India and Asia and over 1,000 elephants were used to transport building materials. Egyptian monuments The Egyptian monuments were made up of large blocks of granite, limestone, and sandstone . Ramps were used to allow workmen to carry stones to the top of structure and allow artists to decorate the tops of walls and pillars. Nile river was used to transport heavy stone blocks.

Architectural style :

Architectural style T here have been a variety of different styles of architecture in India since ages. Almost all the styles were influenced by the culture and dynasties contemporary to that period. These include Colonial Architecture, Indo Islamic Architecture, Ancient Architecture, Cave Architecture, Rock Cut Architecture. Indian Monuments

Egyptian Monuments :

Egyptian Monuments Ancient Egyptian architecture is the architectural style of ancient Egypt and the Egyptian monuments are predominant examples of this style. The pyramids are the notable achievement of the Egyptians. The Luxor temple, karnak temple and pyramids of Giza are Lasting and notable examples of this style.

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Architectural Styles in India Ancient Egyptian architecture Islamic architecture Egyptian decorative Capitals

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Architectural Styles in India Ancient Egyptian architecture mughal architecture Egyptian Decorative motifs

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Made by : S amardeep S ingh S idhu P arvaz V irk S haifali A rora A rshiya S harma

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