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Premium member Presentation Transcript The Bioclimatologic Features of Turkish Spa Resorts: The Bioclimatologic Features of Turkish Spa Resorts Prof Dr Hatice GÜRDAL Istanbul University, Istanbul Medical Faculty Medical Ecology and Hydroclimatology DepartmentSlide2: Spa treatment is performed as a complex cure system under the influence of local climato therapeutic factors, together with other comprehensive therapy methods Slide3: At first , each guest who came to health resort, exposes to the climatic conditions Slide4: The climatic features of the health – spa resort have a great influence on human health and recreation.Slide5: Meteorological analysis and interpretation of thermo physiologically effectiveness of health spa resort climate is importantSlide6: Thus medical doctors are able to obtain better information about the special bioclimatic features of the resorts, to agree them with the individual physiological parameters of the guest and develop a cure therapy programsSlide7: Turkey lies between the northern 36-42 latitudes and the eastern 26-45 longitudeSlide8: Turkey has Subtropical Climate in Mediterranean RegionSlide10: There are mainly 7 geographical regionsThe Climate Varies From Region to Region: The Climate Varies From Region to Region Marmara, Aegean and the Mediterranean: Typical Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild winters Black Sea Coast: Temperate climate with warm summers, mild winters and relatively high rainfall Central Anatolia: Hot, dry summers and cold winters Eastern Anatolia: Long snowy, cold winters and mild summers South-East Anatolia: Hot summers with mild, rainy winters Slide13: Middle Anatolia and the Aegean region have got the most of the spas in Turkey. Marmara region follows these regions as the number of health spa centers (82% of Turkey).Slide14: The description of the climatic conditions of Middle Anatolia and inland Aegean are continental, coastal Aegean and Marmara regions are maritime.Slide16: The Most of the Health Spa’s are at 600 - 1300 m. Altitude (50% of Turkey) Few of them covered by forests, most of them are not . Dominating bioclimatic features are moderately stimulating factors Health Spa Cure Centers in Middle Anatolia: Health Spa Cure Centers in Middle Anatolia Mild Stimulant Ankara-Beypazarı Niğde- Çiftehan Konya -Ilgın Kırşehir-Terme Strong Stimulant Sivas- Kangal Yozgat -Boğazlayan Eskişehir Ankara- Kızılcahamam Ankara- Haymana Health Spa Cure Centers in Aegean Region: Health Spa Cure Centers in Aegean Region Coastal Region İzmir-Balçova İzmir- Çeşme Muğla-Köyceğiz Aydın -Kuşadası Inland Region Afyon- Oruçoğlu, İkbal, Sandıklı Kütahya- Harlek, Yoncalı Denizli-Pamukkale, Karahayıt Health Spa Cure Centers in Marmara Region: Health Spa Cure Centers in Marmara Region Coastal Region Armutlu Çanakkale-Ezine Istanbul-Tuzla Inland Region Yalova -Termal Bursa- Askeri Hasth., Kükürtlü, Oylat Bolu Gönen Adapazarı-Kuzuluk ANNUAL AVERAGE PRECIPITATION OF TURKEY: ANNUAL AVERAGE PRECIPITATION OF TURKEYLONG TERM MEAN TEMPERATURE OF TURKEY : LONG TERM MEAN TEMPERATURE OF TURKEY Stimulative Bioclimatological Effects Inland Regions at Moderate Altitude in Turkey: Stimulative Bioclimatological Effects Inland Regions at Moderate Altitude in Turkey Decreased atmospheric temperature Decreased atmospheric humidity Increased wind activity Decreased sultry days Increased night chilling Decreased antropogenic pollution Increased global / UV-radiation Unfavorable Bioclimatologic Factors At the Middle High Mountain Region: Unfavorable Bioclimatologic Factors At the Middle High Mountain Region Especially at night cold stress can be expected in summer period There is a few sultry days in the summer period There hasn’t been any measures about air pollutant at Spa centers Slide27: Altitude - The Number of the Cold Night (Under 15°C )Number of foggy days per year: Number of foggy days per year Balçova 1 Ezine 4 Kızılcaham. 5 Yalova 7 Gönen 46 Bolu 32 Oylat 22 Ayaş 20Annual Duration of Sunshine must be higher than 1500 hours (The climatic Limits for spa center by Deutscher Heilbäderverband )All of Turkish Spa centers receive more than 1500 hrs/year: Annual Duration of Sunshine must be higher than 1500 hours (The climatic Limits for spa center by Deutscher Heilbäderverband ) All of Turkish Spa centers receive more than 1500 hrs/year Balçova 3000 Ezine 2800 Yalova 2400 Gönen 2600 Bolu 2200 Oylat 2400 Kızılcahamam 2400 Ayaş 2600The Number of Sultry Days Per Year: The Number of Sultry Days Per Year Beypazarı 628 m. 10-15 days/year Ayaş 720 m. 1-2 days/year Eskişehir 801 m. none Kırşehir 985 m. 1-2 days/year Kızılcaha. 1002 m. none Ilgın 1030 m. none Haymana 1225 m. none Nevşehir 1260 m. none Sivas 1285 m. none Kangal 1545 m. none Sultry Days at Continental Climate ( inland )of Turkey: Sultry Days at Continental Climate ( inland )of Turkey 0 – 500 m 500 – 1000 m 1000 – 1500 m > 1500 m 10-15 sultry days 5-10 sultry days a few sultry days none sultry daysSultry Days in Summer Period are Mostly in South West Regions ( Teq>56.0ºC ): Sultry Days in Summer Period are Mostly in South West Regions ( Teq>56.0ºC ) Fethiye - Gebeler İzmir - Balçova İzmir - Çeşme Çanakkale - Ezine Yalova - Armutlu İstanbul - Tuzla Slide34: İzmir - Çeşme 1 Tuzla - İstanbul 5-15 İzmir - Balçova 60 Gönen 37 Ezine 90 Bursa - Çekirge 220 Yalova Termal 105 Denizli - Sarayköy 169 Coastal / Marine climate Coastal / Marine climate Seashore urban climate Plate with low altitude Coastal / Marine climate Urban climate Valley / Forest climate Valley Turkish Spa Center at Low Altitude (m) Turkish Spa Centers at Middle High Altitude (m): Turkish Spa Centers at Middle High Altitude (m) Bolu 750 Oylat - İnegöl 840 Kızılcahamam 975 Ankara-Ayaş 720 Niğde - Çiftehan 1200 Konya - Ilgın 1027 Forest climate Forest climate Forest climate Forest climate Plateau climate Plate at high altitude Turkish Spa Center at High Altitude (m): Turkish Spa Center at High Altitude (m) Erzurum 1690 Sivas - Kangal 1600 Ağrı - Diyadin 1500 Yozgat 1350 Haymana 1300 Niğde - Çiftehan 1200 Kütahya - Harlek 1050 Mountain climate Mountain climate Mountain climate Mountain climate Plateau climate Plateau climate Plateau climate Thank you for your attention !: Thank you for your attention ! 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