Liturgy living tradition

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Liturgy : 

Liturgy A Living Tradition

Eucharist : 

Eucharist Done in remembrance of Christ Follows the model He gave Blessing over bread and wine Part of meal Related images… Covenant Passover Eucharist is Jewish blessing over food. Christian Eucharistic prayer is variation on Jewish with a twist.

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Eucharist was blessing that was part of a broader agape feast. Blessing of bread Dinner with fellowship, reading of letters, song and exhortation. Blessing of wine By 150 AD Eucharist and agape meal separated Limit abuses Eucharist in morning Agape meal in evening

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Synagogue service became model liturgy of word Eucharist. Justin Martyr describes liturgy of word in 150 AD similar to today. Same number readings Homily Prayer in common (general intercessions)

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Hippolytus (250 AD) describes Mass and liturgical practices in Apostolic Traditions. Creativity of presider Giving way to formulary prayers Facing East results in back to community Koine Greek giving way to Latin and other languages.

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Emergence of patriarchates contributed to variety of rites and liturgical forms.

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Liturgical books helped the local clergy lead the Eucharistic celebration Served to standardize liturgical prayer and effectively limit variation

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Post-Constantine period saw the incorporation of imperial insignia and vestments by clergy.

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Franks entered Gaul around 500 AD. Catholic Christian Frankish tribes mixed with Catholic Christian local tribes. Easy integration. Used Old Gaulish liturgy Later Latinized under Pippin and Charlemagne. Incorporated many local customs and greatly enriched Latin liturgy

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Significant shift in medieval period (11th through 15th centuries. Privatization of Mass Non-involvement of congregation Mass context for private devotions Popular piety limited reception of Eucharist

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Council of Trent Response to Reformation Liturgical uniformity Theological education Lessened excesses of privatization Mass still largely private and devotional

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Baroque Drama, splendor and pageant added to Mass Still the province of priests

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Contemporary liturgy 19th century liturgical movement Pius X communion decrees Return to liturgical sources Second Vatican Council consolidates reforms

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