A PRASENTATIONBYPANNALAL R.SONI : A PRASENTATIONBYPANNALAL R.SONI TRANSPORTATION
ROAD SAFETY IN ROAD TRANSPORT : SAFETY IN ROAD TRANSPORT INTRODUCTION : INTRODUCTION Thou safety in each field is equal importance but in chemical field needs more attention because of its property Hazards. Slide 4: DEFINITIONS :
Vehicles means any mode of surface transport other than railways.
(u/s-2 (ii) of PLI act-1991 )
Hazardous chemicals means any chemical which, by reason of its chemical or physico-chemical properties , is liable to cause harm to human as well as all other living creatures.
[u/s -2(e) of EPA-1986,u/r-68-j(1)(a) of GFR-1963 and u/s-2(d) of PLI act-1991]
Handling(in relation to hazardous substances) means, the manufacture, processing, transport,packing,storage and use or the like of such hazardous chemicals.
(u/s –2(c) of PLI act-1991
During transportation of such chemicals ,adequate safety measures are required to-
-Control accidental death,
-Property damage and
-Environment Protection MAIN HAZARDS IN HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : MAIN HAZARDS IN HAZCHEM TRANSPORT - Fire
- Toxic release Other Hazards in Hazchem Transport : Other Hazards in Hazchem Transport 1. Radio Activity
6. Nature of :-
-Anasthaticity Road transport of hazchem. (GENERAL) : Road transport of hazchem. (GENERAL) While transporting any chemicals having said hazards, one has to consider following parameters of the chemical being transported, whether it is - :
1- solid ,liquid or gas
2- Under pressure or not
3- Hazards are communicated or not
4- Required PPE/FFE provided or nor Road transport of hazchem. (GENERAL) : Road transport of hazchem. (GENERAL) 5 - properly packed or not
6 - properly labeled or not Road transport of hazchem (GENERAL) : 7- proper mode of transport is selected or not.
8- Statutory requirements followed or not.
9- Safe loading/unloading systems communicated or not.
10- Emergency handling procedure communicated or not.
11- Driver is trained or not.
12- Vehicle attendant available or not. Road transport of hazchem (GENERAL) SAFETY CRITERIA FOR HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : SAFETY CRITERIA FOR HAZCHEM TRANSPORT A.Threshold Quantities as per public liability Insurance act :
u/s-2(d) of public liability insurance act threshold quantities of hazardous chemicals for handling are specified
(under notificstion-SO.227(E),24th march 1992
Under MoEF,Govt.of India) A. Threshold Quantities as per public liability Insurance act : : A. Threshold Quantities as per public liability Insurance act : A.Threshold Quantities as per public liability Insurance act : : A.Threshold Quantities as per public liability Insurance act : A.Threshold Quantities as per public liability Insurance act : : A.Threshold Quantities as per public liability Insurance act : BASIC NEEDS FOR HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : : BASIC NEEDS FOR HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : 1. Training to Driver
2. Use of EIP
3. Hazard communication
4. NFPA signal 1. TRAINING TO DRIVER : 1. TRAINING TO DRIVER INTRODUCTION :
Driver is the key factor of transportation safety therefore he should have undergone specific training for transportation of hazardous goods.
Need of training : -
to develop attitude,knowledge,and skill pattern
To increase safety consciousness and ability in safe performance.
To give new necessary viewpoint of safety responsibility.
To explain potential hazards.
To improve driving performance. TRAINING TO DRIVER : TRAINING TO DRIVER Statutory requirement of training
u/r-9 of CMVR-1993 , training is the basic need for driver driving vehicle having hazardous goods.
u/r-42(1) of SMPV Rules1981 , driver driving hazardous good must be trained. TRAINING TO DRIVER : TRAINING TO DRIVER Period of training :
After one year one days refresher training
Institute of training :
Any state government recognized institute
i) Maruti udyog Ltd.,Delhi
ii) Ashoka Leyland Ltd.,Chennai
Schedule of training and content of syllabus :
I-day : Defensive training
II-day : Advance driving skill training & field test
III-day : Product safety training TRAINING TO DRIVER : TRAINING TO DRIVER FIRST DAY : Defensive training
Adopting to weather
Night driving TRAINING TO DRIVER : TRAINING TO DRIVER SECOND DAY : Advance driving/skill training
Before starting vehicle
-Other requirements TRAINING TO DRIVER : TRAINING TO DRIVER B. During driving :
Correct lane control
Safe driving distance TRAINING TO DRIVER : TRAINING TO DRIVER C.Before stopping vehicle :
Safe stop place
Road width and
condition After stoping : After stoping TRAINING TO DRIVER : TRAINING TO DRIVER D. After stopping vehicle :
Vehicle should not move
signals TRAINING TO DRIVER : TRAINING TO DRIVER 3rd day : Product Safety :
This topic includes :
Use of EIP
Use of NFPA signals
Use of trem card
Content and use of MSDS
Needs and Use of-Route chart and Tachograph
Use of ICSC and TEC HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT 2. USE OF EIP :
Emergency Information Panel provides information in event of an emergency.
It indicates :
Correct technical name of goods being transported.
Its UN Number.
UN class label and subsidiary risk label.
Telephone Nos. in an Emergency and
Special advise. EIP : EIP EIP : EIP HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT CONTENT OF EIP
1. UN number :
The UN committee has classified various hazardous substances according to risk involved. Each hazardous substances included in the list has been allocated a unique four digit number, which is the UN number of substance.
- There are three thousand chemicals which have been allotted UN numbers.
- It helps in ready identification of the chemical being transported.
- Example :
1. Ammonia -- 1005
2. EO -- 1040
3. Petrol -- 1203 Position of EIP on Vehicle1. Front 2. Rear3. Side : Position of EIP on Vehicle1. Front 2. Rear3. Side HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT 2. HAZCHEM CODE
- The HAZCHEM code is an Emergency Action Code designed by the London fire brigade.
- It enable the fire brigade to know at once the action to be taken in case of fire or spillage.
- It also ensures the use of appropriate clothing.
The hazchem code consists of numeral and one or two letters which indicate the required action. HAZCHEM CODE : HAZCHEM CODE HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT 3. UN Class label
The hazardous chemicals are divided by United nation committee of experts on transport of good into following nine classes :
Class-1 : Explosive
( e.g. – TNT,NG etc.)
This class consists of following five groups of explosive :
1.1 – Substance having mass explosion hazard
1.2 - Substances having projection hazards but not mass explosion hazards.
1.3 - Substances Having fire and minor blast hazards.
1.4 - substance which have no significant explosion hazards.
1.5 – Very insensitive substance which have a mass explosion hazards HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT Sub class -1.1 , 1.2 and 1.3 HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT Sub class 1.4- Slide 36: Sub class – 1.5 UN CLASSIFICATION : UN CLASSIFICATION Sub class – 1.6 HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT CLASS – 2 : Flammable/non flammable gases
This group consists of Compressed gases , Liquefied gases , gases dissolve under pressure or deeply refrigerated .
( e.g. – Chlorine,Ammonia,LPG,CNG etc. )
sub class-2.1 : flammable gases
e.g. LPG,CNG etc. Sub class 2.2 – Non flammable gases, e.g. Chlorine etc.Sub class 2.3 –Poisonous gases , e.g. sulfur dioxide : Sub class 2.2 – Non flammable gases, e.g. Chlorine etc.Sub class 2.3 –Poisonous gases , e.g. sulfur dioxide HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT CLASS -3 : INFLAMMABLE LIQUIDS :
This class consists of following three sub classes :
3.1 – Liquids with flash point below 23 o c. ( e.g.- petroleum class –A )
3.2 – liquids with flash points between 23oc to 65oc (e.g. petroleum class –B)
3.3 – Liquid with flash point above 65oc but below 23oc(e.g. petroleum class) Flammable liquids : Flammable liquids HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT CLASS – 4 : FLAMMABLE SOLIDS
Solids liable to spontaneous combustion and substances which on contact with water emit inflammable gases are grouped in this class.
This class consists three sub classes :
4.1 – Inflammable solid
e.g. Nitrocellulose,Mg etc. HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT 4.2 – Substances liable to spontaneous combustion
e.g. White Phosphorous BASIC NEEDS FOR HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : : BASIC NEEDS FOR HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : Sub class – 4.3
e.g. Sodium and Potassium etc. HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT CLASS -5 : OXIDISING SUBSTANCES AND ORGENIC PEROXIDES
Sub class-5.1 : Oxidizing substances
e.g. – Sodium peroxide, Sodium nitrate , Potassium chromate etc. HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT Sub class – 5.2 :Organic peroxides :
e.g. Benjoyl peroxide HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT CLASS -6 : POISONOUS AND INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCES
Sub class – 6.1a : Poisonous substances
e.g. – Aniline , Phenol , and toxic gases KCN Mercuric chloride etc.
Sub class – 6.1b : Pesticides
sub class – 6.2 :
Substances containing decease producing micro organism e.g. Virus etc. Class – 6.1a&6.1b and 6.2 : Class – 6.1a&6.1b and 6.2 HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT CLASS -7 : RADIO ACTIVE SUBSTANCES
e.g. Radio active ore and Monazite ,Uranium and Plutonium etc. HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT CLASS -8 : CORROSIVE LIQUIDS/SOLIDS
Sub class – 8.1 , Acids e.g. Hcl,sulfuric acid etc.
Sub class - 8.2 , Alkali e.g. NaOH , KOH HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT CLASS -9 : Miscellaneous dangerous substances which do not falls another categories
e.g. Asbestos, dry ice etc. HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT 3. NFPA SIGNALS :
This system identify hazards of a material in term of following three principle categories :
i – health hazard (Blue color )
ii - Flammability ( Red color )
iii- Instability ( yellow color ) &
iv- Special hazards other than above ( white ) HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT 3. NFPA SIGNALS 4.Hazard communication : 4.Hazard communication 1. USE OF TREM CARD :
Trem = Tr. + em.
Tr. = Transport &
em = emergency
Therefore , Trem card means Transport emergency card.
NEED AND OBJECTIVE OF TREMCARD :
1. To describe the hazardous property of material being transported.
2. To describe the immediate action to be taken during fire , explosion , toxic release and/or spillage.
3. To describe remedial measures and contact Nos. of personals. HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT CONTENT OF TREM CARD :
( u/r-132 (2) of central motor vehicle rules-1993 - Form No. V )
i – Chemical Identity of the goods to be transported
Ii - Nature of hazards.
Iii- Action to be taken during Emergency as : -Spillage
- Explosion &
- Toxic release
Iv –first aid measures
V - Contact Nos. of : -Transporter
- Manufacturer &
- Receiver HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT SIZE OF TREM CARD :
LANGUAGE OF TREM CARD :
English and language of transits state.
NECESSITY OF TREM CARD :
i- It is a written documents for driver as ready reference
Ii – It provide necessary detail for other agencies as police , medical , fire control and administrative etc.
Iii – It is a legal requirement.
Provider : Consignor
It is to be carried by the driver in his cabin. HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT Trem. Card
U/R-7 (7) of Hazardous waste (management and Handling) rules-1989 ,form No.10, also provide the format of trem. card for transport of Hazardous waste Trem. Card : Trem. Card United Nation has also provided a trem card only for road transport of hazardous chemical,as here under : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT 2. USE OF ICSC AND TEC :
ICSC = International Chemical Safety Card and
TEC = Transport Emergency Card
(Both above cards are generated by CIS )
CIS = International Occupational Safety and Health Information centre.
CIS founded in -1959
Original member – 11
Covered Countries – 120 (all over the world) HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT To mention phrases of safety and risk some codes are assigned on ICSC & TEC by CIS for packing and labeling of hazardous chemicals are known as Risk phrases and Safety phrases
Risk phrases :
Related risk of a particular chemical is listed and given a serial number , is risk phrases &
Safety phrases :
Safety precaution required for that risk is also listed and given a serial number , are safety phrases 3.MSDS : 3.MSDS Following provides the Format of MSDS
1. Shedule-5,u/r-68-J, of GFR-1963
2. Shedule-9,u/r-17, of MSIHCR-1989 HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT OTHER REQUIREMENTS :
4.FFE’s HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT 1.ROUTE CHART HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT 2.TECHOGRAPH
Techograph is an instrument which records the :
- running time of the vehicle
- time of speed maintained
- acceleration and
- de-acceleration HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT 3.PERSONEL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENTS HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT 4. FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENTS APPLICABILITY OF LAWS ON HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : APPLICABILITY OF LAWS ON HAZCHEM TRANSPORT HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT APPLICABILITY OF LAWS ON HAZCHEM TRANSPORT
1. CENTRAL MOTOR VEHICLE RULES 1993 (Framed under CMVA-1988) :
u/r-125 - : Such vehicle should be equipped with SEAT BELT.
u/r-129 - : such vehicle should equipped with - :
-fire fighting equipments
-explosion preventing equipments
- spill/escape control equipments and
u/r-129(a) - : if vehicle is used for transportation of flammable or explosive chemicals , it must be fitted with spark arrester. HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TRANSPORT CMVR – 1993 ( framed under CMVA-1988)
u/r-131 - : such carrier should have -:
- valid registration to carry hazchem.
- first aid box
- antidote for chemical being transported
- information about nature of goods being transported
- driver must be trained
u/r-132 - : such vehicle should be equipped with :
- tool box
- valid driving l/c.
-other l/c. as : I –l/c. for petroleum class A,B and C ,Gas cylinder l/c. and explosive l/c. (Issued by chief controller of explosive) APPLICABILITY OF LAWS ON HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : APPLICABILITY OF LAWS ON HAZCHEM TRANSPORT 2. Public liability insurance act-1991:
u/s-2(h)(ii) - : Definition of Vehicle.
u/s - 2(d) -: threshold quantities for handling of hazchem.
u/s- 4(1) -: Owner handling hazardous chemicals should take PLI policy.
3.SMPV(u) rules – 1981 :
chapter – iv ,transportation
u/r-35 -: safety criteria for vehicles transporting compressed gases
u/r-37 -: protection of valve and accessories. APPLICABILITY OF LAWS ON HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : APPLICABILITY OF LAWS ON HAZCHEM TRANSPORT 3.SMPV(u) rules – 1981 :
u/r-38 -: criteria for equipments as piping,fittings.pump and motors.
u/r-39 -: vehicle design consideration,
u/r-41 -: fire protection.
u/r-42(1) -:training to driver
u/r-42(4) -: vehicle attendant
u/r-42(5) -: safe parking of vehicle
u/r-43 -: testing of vessel by competent person
u/r-44 -: inspection and maintenance of vehicle APPLICABILITY OF LAWS ON HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : APPLICABILITY OF LAWS ON HAZCHEM TRANSPORT 4.Petroleum act-1934
u/s-4 rules for transportation of petroleum
5.Petroleum rules -2002
chapter-4, “transportation on land by vehicle”
u/r-63 -: Tank vehicle,MOC and Testing as per schedule-III
u/r-64 –: Tank capacity :
-class A and B , 97% of the gross carrying capacity
-class C , 98% of the gross carrying capacity
u/r-72 -: fire extinguisher , Portable 10 Kg DCP type
u/r-73 -: vehicle attendant
u/r-76 -: loading and unloading APPLICABILITY OF LAWS ON HAZCHEM TRANSPORT : APPLICABILITY OF LAWS ON HAZCHEM TRANSPORT 6.Gascylinder rules-2004
u/r-20,chapter-vi “transport of cylinder”(including loading and unloading)
7. MSIHC rules-1989
u/r-7(7),Packing labeling and transport of hazardous wasre
10.Biomedical Waste(M&H) Rules-1998
u/r-6,Segregation ,Packing and Transportation of Biomedical waste HAZCHEM TYRANSPORT : HAZCHEM TYRANSPORT SUMMARY
1. Assess risk
2. Ensure proper packing and labeling
3. Select proper mode of transport
4. Arrange proper protective equipment(PPE/FFE) in accordance with hazard and risk
5. Communicate related Hazards
6. Select trained driver
7. Ensure vehicle condition and adequacy certificate issued by competent person.
8 .Fulfill statutory requirements THANKS : THANKS