Packwells

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packwells.com PACKWELL WOODWORKS is a renowned Manufacturer, Supplier, and Wholesaler of the high quality Wooden Pallet, Wooden Crate, Wooden Boxes like Industrial Wooden Boxes, Pallet, Crates, Pine Wood Boxes for more visit http://packwells.com/index.html

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Packwells Pallets are used to stack store protect and transport materials in the course of being handled by materials handling equipment such as forklifts pallet jacks or conveyors being stored in racking or bulk storage or being positioned in transport vehicles. The pallet is the most common base for the unit load which includes pallet and goods stacked atop it typically secured by stretch wrap strapping shrink wrap adhesive pallet collar or other means of stabilization. A Short History of Pallets Pallets together with palletized handling comprised one of the key logistics tools to emerge in the 20th Century. Pallets appeared and continued to evolve over the past century helping enable the development of modern logistics. The importance of pallets to supply chain applications today has been significant allowing dramatic efficiency improvements in the handling and transport of unit loads versus the loose stacking of goods. Additional refinements were added to pallet design and management during World War 2. For example pallet reuse in the supply chain became increasingly practiced and pallet collars were developed to enable the double stacking of fragile materials. The pallet pooling concept began to be seriously discussed during this time. Pallet Selection Considerations Expendable or Reusable As a site dedicated to reusable packaging one important differentiator is between durable or reusable pallets versus expendable or single-use pallets. Where pallets can be reused they provide a lower cost per trip and less environmental impact than pallets which can be used only once subject to the cost of reverse logistics. In reusable pallet applications an investment in a better quality pallet usually lasts longer providing a lower cost per use than cheaper alternatives. Pallet Materials Pallets are manufactured from a variety of materials. The wood pallet dominates the marketplace providing an excellent value regarding price and performance. It is stiff inexpensive and easily fabricated into various sizes as required. Pallets manufactured from other materials also play important roles. Plastic pallets are prized for several reasons including durability ease of cleaning exemption from ISPM 15 requirements and other benefits. Paper pallets are popular due to their light weight cleanliness ISPM 15 exemption and ease of recycling. Wood composite pallets as well are ISPM 15 exempt providing a stiff competitively priced

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product which can be readily recycled. Metal pallets also have a presence especially in applications where pallet strength and durability are requirements. Block or Stringer Directions of Entry Pallets can be classified as block or stringer pallets. Block pallets provide more options for pallet entry by material handling equipment. Pallets with solid stringers typically allow two-way entry at each end of the pallet while notched stringers allow partial four-way entry by forklifts through the notches as well as full access from the ends while block pallets typically allow full four-way entrance. Pallet Style Pallet style relates to features such as a single or double face single or both top and bottom deck and whether a pallet is reversible either side can be used for the top deck or non- reversible having top and bottom deck but only one intended for use as a top deck. Various bottom deck configurations are also considerations in pallet style. A single faced pallet is also commonly called a skid. Pallet Sizes The 48×40 inch pallet is the most widely produced pallet size in North America although a number of other sizes are popular. According to 1996 data:  48×40 26.9 of U.S. production  40×48 5.3  42×42 4.8  48×48 4.3  48×42 3.7  48×45 2.1  37×37 1.6  48×36 1.5  Other sizes 50 Internationally ISO recognizes six pallet sizes. These footprints include:  1219×1016 48×40 inches – North America  1000×1200 – Europe and Asia  1165×1165 – Australia  1067×1067 – North America Europe and Asia  1100×1100 – Asia

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 800×1200 – Europe Pallet Pooling and Management Pallet pooling typically in the form of pallet rental or pallet hire or alternately through pallet exchange as practiced in the EPAL system has become increasingly popular since its inception in the years following World War 2. In the case of rental pallet users can enjoy the use of a high-quality pallet at a cost related only to the use rather than in the outright purchase of the pallet. In this respect pooling can displace the need for expendable pallets providing a lower cost-per-trip while eliminating solid waste and offering operational efficiencies throughout supply chains. Emerging Trends Pallet trends include initiatives to take additional weight and material out of pallets while improving performance as well as auto-ID notably the fixing of sensors on pallets. The Internet of Things IoT is anticipated to play an important role for pallets in the years ahead. Pallets to some degree are being impacted by concerns such as food safety with an emphasis towards appropriate handling and storage to keep pallets clean as well as ease of cleaning. Another emerging trend is that of automated handling systems which often require high-quality pallets.

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