Slide 1: AUSCHWITZ POLAND Slide 2: The next photo is of the gateway into the Auschwitz I
concentration camp complex in the town of Oswiecim,
Poland. (Auschwitz is German for Oswiecim).
The inscription means "Work Brings Freedom" and was
erected over the entrance by Rudolf Hoess, the first
commandant and major architect of the camp.
This is actually the smaller portion of the overall complex,
the larger being Birkenau, which is a short distance away.
The camp was in operation from 1940 to 1945 when it was
abandoned as the Soviet Army approached.
Through this gate marched thousands of prisoners, daily,
on their way to slave labour and death. Slide 4: The next photo is a close-up of the sign
"Work Brings Freedom" at the gateway into
the Auschwitz I concentration camp complex. Slide 6: The next photo is of the entrance into the crematorium
at the Auschwitz I concentration camp complex.
This building had been a former Polish Army bunker
that the Germans converted into a crematorium.
The inside of the building was destroyed by the Nazis
before they evacuated the camp as the Soviet Army
was closing in. Slide 8: The next photo is of the ‘courtyard of death’ adjacent to the
Cellblock 11 building at the Auschwitz I concentration camp
Straight ahead in the centre is the firing wall where
prisoners met their deaths by firing squad.
Sometimes, death was administered by a small calibre
pistol shot to the back of the neck.
On the left hand side are two whipping posts where
prisoners were flogged.
Not only Jews were killed here, but political prisoners,
communists, German citizens who spoke against Hitler
and homosexuals. The prisoners were first stripped of their
clothing in the building on the right and then marched, nude,
in front of the firing wall, and then executed. Slide 10: The next photo is of a collection of eyeglasses
confiscated from prisoners upon their arrival
at the Auschwitz concentration camp complex.
These eyeglasses were recycled to be used by
Germans during World War II. Slide 12: The next photo is of a stack of empty Cyclone B gas cans that
were found when the camp was liberated by the Soviet Army
Five to six cans of gas could kill 1,500 people, according to
testimony of the camp's commandant, Rudolf Hoess.
Cyclone B is a insecticide that was first tried out on 900 Soviet
Prisoners of war. Hoess wanted a way of conducting mass
Killings that wasn't psychologically damaging to the SS men.
The use of machine guns resulted in suicide and heavy drinking
among the SS, so, in Hoess' words, killing prisoners with
Cyclone B was impersonal and an easier way of killing. Slide 14: The next photo is of a mountain of shoes that were
confiscated from children as they arrived at the
Auschwitz Concentration Camp complex.
The SS sent children aged 16 and under immediately
to their deaths in the gas chambers upon arrival at
These shoes were left behind when the camp was
liberated by the Soviet Army in 1945. Slide 16: The next photo is of the hanging gallows at the
Auschwitz 1 Concentration camp complex.
The SS conducted public hangings on these
gallows that the prisoners were forced to watch.
These hangings were used as an act of intimidation.
The largest mass hanging on these gallows occurred
on July 19, 1943 when 12 Polish men were hung at
the same time. They were accused of helping
3 prisoners escape and for maintaining contact
with the outside world. Slide 18: This is a photo of a section of what was once a highly
electrified barbed wire that surrounded the perimeter
of the Auschwitz 1 concentration camp complex.
The buildings behind the fence are some of the
various cell blocks.
These buildings had once been Polish Army barracks. Slide 20: The next photo is of a section of what was once
a highly electrified barbed wire that surrounded
the perimeter of the Auschwitz I Concentration
Camp complex. Slide 22: The next photo is of Cell Block #10 at Auschwitz 1 Concentration Camp
Dr. Josef Mengele, known as the "Angel of Death," worked here.
He performed gruesome experiments on children - his speciality was twins.
He performed sex change operations, removed internal organs, created
Siamese twins by sewing twins together, lobotomies and many other
Experiments (all without anesthesia).
Other doctors performed cruel experiments on women, such as removal
of the uterus and sterilization.
The windows were boarded up to keep the "patients" from hearing or
seeing prisoners being executed or flogged in the courtyard of death
next door. (Notice the firing squad wall and the whipping posts).
For more information on Josef Mengele, visit this website: www.mengele.dk/ Slide 24: The next photo was taken of a photograph at the Auschwitz 2 (Birkenau)
Concentration Camp complex.
This was an illegal photo that was taken by a Polish political prisoner.
A few of the Polish political prisoners were part of an underground resistance
movement and they had some contact with the outside world.
Small cameras were smuggled inside to them and with these cameras, they secretly
captured some of these crimes on film.
The number of deaths in the gas chambers became so massive that the crematoriums
could not keep up with the volume of bodies.
To compensate for this, the commandant of Auschwitz approved the burning of
bodies in shallow pits to prevent the unwanted accumulation of corpses. Prior to
being burned, these bodies were shorn of the hair on their heads and any gold teeth
or filings were extracted with pliers. Sometimes, skin with interesting tattoos were
removed, treated like leather, and crafted into items such as lampshades. Slide 26: The next photo is of a wall lined with the mug shots of Jewish
male prisoners who died in the gas chamber at the Birkenau
(Auschwitz II) Concentration Camp Complex. Slide 28: The next photo is of a photographic display at the Auschwitz 1 Concentration Camp
These are the mug shots of child prisoners who were initially sent to the Auschwitz
Several of them were transferred to other camps where they died, but many of them
died at Auschwitz.
The SS kept detailed records of many of the prisoners at the Auschwitz complex
including mug shots. Slide 30: THE END You Can Keep Listening To The Music Or Press ‘Esc’ To Exit